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BEC高级丨阅读Part One搭配题解题技巧

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2015年01月04日

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什么是搭配题?

搭配题文章约有450单词长短,由真实来源的5篇相关短文组成。范例可以是一系列相关产品 描述、一组广告(例如,为不同类型的服务所作)、通知或留言、书籍或录像评论以及报纸上的相关主题 的短小新闻。

文字可能经过修改,但来源是真实的,可以等同于A- E段文字3

共有8个选项,每一项为一句话,编有1~8的号码。每句话的陈述只能和一段正文相匹配。学生的任务是看懂句子并细察正文以找出与句子对应的正文。该题测试学生是否理解各句话,并将各 句话与用不同语言方式表达的正文对应起来。

如何准备搭配题?

(1)多读报纸、杂志、小册子上面的一系列相关短文(例如招聘广告、酒店等)。

(2)较长的正文也可以划分成有小标题的小节"

(3)识别每一篇的事实或主题,描述文章之间的相似处和不同处。

(4)任务项句子的语域或文体可能和正文的不同,应该训练辨认不同文体的同一信息的能力,例 如:将广告改写成客观真实平铺直叙的散文。

(5)题目不是简单的单词搭配,学生需要练习如何变换措词。

(6)学会从其他不相关的文字中辨认目标信息。

(7)最重要的是,应该把试题看做在社会生活和工作中经常使用的处理信息的技能的一个范例。

经典例题

PART ONE

● Look at these sentences and the five news clips about different companies.

● Which clip does each sentence 1-8 refer to?

● For each sentence, mark on letter A. B, C, D or E on your Answer Sheet.

 

\

 

1 A director of this company is leaving to pursue noncommercial activities.

2 This company has sold off one of its profitable sections.

3 A director of this company is leaving to devote himself to his own business.

4 This company has taken on several more senior staff members.

5 This company is involved in a sales deal with another company.

6 This company is involved in computer technology.

7 This company is losing a director but will replace him.

8 This company has been successful in its bid to take over another company.

A

Archer Group, the insurance broker said its managing director Ralph Sharp had resigned his directorship of all group companies and was leaving the group. The company said Sharp ''has been considering the changes which will occur in the Lioyed's Market in the post - reconstruction and renewal period and wishes to be free to pursue a number of opportunities which may arise at that time. "

B

United News and Media said it had appointed the following additional directors the announcement on Tuesday that the merger offers for MAI had been declared unconditional: Sir James McKinnon, deputy chairman, Lord Hollick, chief executive, Charles Gregson, director of broking and information, and Roger Laughton, director of broadcasting and entertainment. There were also three non-executive appointments: Richard Hooper. Sir Michael Lickiss, Christopher Powell and Geoffrey Unwin.

C

First Bus said Colin Smith, one of its regional directors and one of the original members of the buyout team from Grampian transport, had decided to leave the company to take up "long standing academic interests" His position as regional director for Scotland will be taken over by Robbie Duncan, who is currently the commercial director.

D

Division Group, the software house, has reached a deal with EDS under which the American company will resell the British company's virtual reality software in a range of markets around the world, including North America, Europe and the Far East. EDS, one of the leading information service companies in the world, includes most of the Fortune 500 companies among its client list.

E

Reckitt and Colman said it had sold the personal products division of its US subsidiary to JW Child Associates for $ 123 m. In 1995 the division generated trading profits of about $ 110m. The net tangible assets of the division amounted to $ 30m at the end of December. The proceeds are to be used by Reckitt to reduce debts.

这道题列出了发生在五家公司的一些情况或事件.答案分别是:

1.C 2.E 3.A 4.B 5.D 6.D 7.C 8.B

具体解题分析在后面的答題技巧中还将详细阐释。

举这个例子的目的,是为了使我们对阅读第一部分的试题形式有一个直观的了解。题目中的论 句是用不同于文聿的措辞来表达的。我们应该首先读论句,以便有的放矢地浏览文章的过程中找到 可以与之匹配的文章。这一部分考点是:能否理解论句的语言,并将它与文章内容联系起来。

解答搭配题的顺序是什么?

(1)迅速浏览文章。

(2)非常仔细地阅读所有的问题。

(3)重新读问題,利用关键词找出所需内容。

(4)统筹安排,完成题目。

如何实现答题效率最大化?

要有整体意识,尽可能地注意y标答案之外的相关内容.抓住关键词。要努力培养一脑多用的习惯,如 果町能,就应该在利用关键词找到问题答案的同时,带着多个问题浏览文章.以实现答题效率最大化。

还是以第24个问题的文章的例题为例:

(1)首先快速地看八个论句,在理解整体意思的基础上抓关键词。

如,在本题的论句1,3和7中.我们都看到了关键词director:

第七个论句:This company is losing a director but will replace him.

我们可以针对发生的特殊事件来关注关键词.一般句中的动词或词组都暗示了一些重要信息。 在第一个论句中,我们可以抓住director和replace这两个词。

第一个论句:A director of this company is leaving to pursue non-commercial activities.

在这一句中,我们同样很快注意到director这个关键词,同时从特殊事件的角度留意到non-com-mercialo

第三个论句:A director of this company is leaving to devote himself to his own business.

director 一词又一次出现,还有own business值得注意。

(2)接下来,快速浏览五篇文章,寻找匹配关键词,与文章相对应。

这时我们会看到,文章A和文章C都含有关键词director,在文章C中,看到结尾处引号内的 "long standing academic interests" 时,我们应该很快意识到这是第一个论句里 non-commercial activities 的对应表达,而紧接着的下句中,be taken over则是第七个论句子replace的对应表达。这样,答案就显 而易见,第一和第七论句的答案都对应C.选项。

同样,在浏览文章A的过程中,我们可以在结尾找到第三个论句关键own business的对应表达方 式be free to pursue,所以答案为A。

按什么顺序解答搭配题?

在做题过程中,常常会遇到不能确定,模棱两可或确实找不出所需内容的情况。考场上,一定 不要钻牛角尖,拘泥于题目的先后顺序,及时向后转移注意力才是明智之举。先回答下一个问题一 很可能你就会在后面与你想要的答案不期而遇。


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