Dialogue 1 ( )
Dialogue 2 ( )
Dialogue 3 ( )
Dialogue 4 ( )
Dialogue 5 ( )
Now listen again and note down the answers to these questions.
Dialogue 1: Has the visitor been to Japan before?
Dialogue 2: Which hotel is the visitor staying in?
Dialogue 3: What topic of common interest do they find?
Dialogue 4: What topic of common interest do they find?
Dialogue 5: What topic of common interest do they find?
A: Is this your first trip to Japan?
B: Yes, it is.
A: Do you like it here?
B: yes, it seems interesting.
A: Would you like another drink?
B: Thank you.
A: How was your trip?
B: Fine, thanks.
A: How do you find Tokyo?
B: Very interesting.
A: Which hotel are you staying in?
B: The Sheraton.
A: Is this your first trip to Japan?
B: Yes, but hopefully not my last.
A: I'm pleased to hear that. Have you found time to see much?
B: Well, I visited the gardens.
A: Oh, are you interested in gardens?
B: Actually, yes, it's my hobby.
A: Mine too…
A: Are you staying long?
B: No, unfortunately only a couple of weeks.
A: Business or pleasure?
B: Business, I'm afraid. My company is setting up an office here in Tokyo.
A: Really? Where is your company based?
B: In Detroit, sort of north mid-west of the States.
A: Yes, I know it. I visited it two years ago.
B: Ah, really?…
A: I believe you're in fashion.
B: Yes that's right- on the design side.
A: That's a coincidence. My wife's a fashion designer.
B: Oh, I'd like to meet her.
A: You must come round to dinner one evening.
B: That would be nice.
A: Good, I'll fix it up later this week.
2. Presentation Successful conversation depends on finding a topic both people can easily talk about. One-way of reaching this point is to follow a number of steps until a topic of common interest is found. A typical sequence might be:
1. opening question
2. immediate answer
3. follow-up question
4. immediate answer + additional comment
5. next question or comment on topic of common interest
6. Answer or further comment on topic of common interest
Now look more closely at the typical sequence of conversation.
2.1 Opening question
Is this your first trip to________________?
How was your trip?
2.2 Immediate answer
Yes, it is.
2.3 Follow-up question
Are you staying long?
Business or pleasure?
2.4 Immediate answer
Note: These answers are not helpful in finding a common interest. You need to make an additional comment.
2.5 Additional comment
But hopefully not my last.
Unfortunately only a couple of weeks.
Business, I'm afraid. My company is setting up an office here in Tokyo.
2.6 Next question
Have you found time to see much?
Really? Where is your company based?
2.7 Establishing topic of common interest
Are you interested in gardens?
Oh, I visited Detroit a couple of years ago.
That's a coincidence. My wife is in fashion, too
3. Controlled practice
The following four dialogues are in the wrong order. Rearrange them to make a natural flow of conversation.
( ) Really? What did you expect?
( ) No, I've been to the States before, but this is the first time in Atlanta.
( ) So, what do you think of Atlanta?
( ) Fine, I'll see what I can arrange.
( ) Well, it's not what I expected.
( ) There is a part like that. You must let me show you around.
( ) Well, I suppose I thought it would be more traditional.
( ) That would be interesting.
( ) Is this your first trip over here?
( ) I'm sure. I hope to get back here again
( ) That's a pity. There's a lot to see.
( ) Good. Are you here on business then?
( ) Are you staying long?
( ) Really? That's interesting. What line are you in?
( ) No, just a couple of days.
( ) Yes, we're thinking of setting up an office here.
( ) That would be nice.
( ) That's interesting. My son is an editor on the local paper.
( ) I believe you're in journalism.
( ) Really? I expect I'll meet him.
( ) Yes, that's right -on the editorial side.
( ) Yes, what about coming round for a drink? I could introduce you to him.
( ) Scotland. This time of year it's pretty cold.
( ) A bit warmer than back home.
( ) Well, if you do come across, you must visit us.
( ) Oh, so where do you come from?
( ) Yes, that's right. The best time to visit is in the summer.
( ) I can imagine. I've never been but people tell me it's very beautiful.
( ) How do you find the weather here?
( ) Maybe I'll get across next year.
* try 试图
try to do sth. 尽力做某事
eg. We'll try to meet the customers' demands
* common interest 共同兴趣
eg. Two strangers are trying to find topics of common interest.
* trip 旅行
eg. This is my second trip to the United States.
* Do you like it here?
* How do you find Tokyo?
也可以说成 "What do you think of Tokyo?"或 "How do you like Tokyo?"
* interesting 令人感兴趣的
eg. The film is interesting.
Eg. I'm interested in the film.
* another 另一(个，件…)
eg. Would you like another cup of tea?
I need another day to finish the work..
* stay 停留，暂住
eg. Are you staying long?
Which hotel are you staying in?
* unfortunately 令人遗憾，运气不好地
eg. Unfortunately, I can only stay for a week.
* Business or pleasure?
本句为 "Do you come here for business or for pleasure?"的省略句。在口语中经常用省略句。
* I'm afraid… 我恐怕……，恐怕是……[有时可以不直译]
Eg. I'm afraid I can't come on Friday afternoon, because I will be having a meeting then.
* set up 建立，设立
eg. We are going to set up a new plant in this area.
* be based 总部设在……
eg. Where is your company based?
* sort of 有点，稍微 [多用于口语]
eg. I'm sort of surprised.
* north mid-west of the States 美国中西部的北部
southeast, northwest, southwest, 与汉语习惯不同。
* be in fashion [在本课指]从事时装行业;(通常指)时髦，流行
eg. I'm in fashion-on the design side.
Mini-skirts were in fashion last summer.
* coincidence 巧合
eg. You are also from New York? That's really a coincidence.
* fix up 安排，定好(时间、地点等)
eg. Let's fix up a date to have dinner together.
* traditional 传统的
eg. I thought Atlanta world be more traditional.
这里 I thought 为过去时，表明"我原以为，现在不这样认为了"。若用了 I think则意味着"我一直这样认为，现在也是"。
* show sb. around 带某人参观
eg. The visitors are shown around the new plant by the director himself.
* That's a pity.
* line (一般在商务英语中)行业
eg. What line are you in ?
* local papers 当地的报纸
1. How 's business?
2. How do you like it here?
3. How was the conference?
4. What did you think of the meeting?
5. What was the hotel like?
6. How are the job interviews going?
7. How did the exam go ?
8. How's the stock check getting on?
a. Not bad. It was quite comfortable.
b. Terrible! I could answer only one question.
c. So so. Our sales are down this year.
d. Not very useful-a lot of talk, but no decisions.
e. OK. We have only two more candidates to deal with.
f. Quite good. There were some interesting speakers there.
g. It's great! I'll be sorry to go back.
h. Very well. We hope to finish Warehouse B this afternoon.
1. 两个陌生人在尽量寻找双方都感兴趣的话题。(try to, of common interest)
4. 你有时间游览纽约吗?(find time)
5. 很遗憾，我只能在中国呆两周(unfortunately, a couple of)
6. 我们将在东京设办事处。(set up an office)
1. Hello. Where are you from?
2. Hello. Where are you going?
3. Hot weather, isn't it?
A：Are you going to New York too?
B：No. For business.
A：Is it your first to America?
A：Have you been to many other places in the world?
( silence )
Key to Exercises-A
1-c 2-g 3-f 4-d 5-a 6-e 7-b 8-h
Key to Exercises-B
1. Two strangers are trying to find topics of common interest.
2. How do you find London?
3. Which hotel are you staying in?
4. Have you found time to see much in New York?
5. Unfortunately, I can only stay a couple of weeks in China.
6. Our company is setting up an office in Tokyo.
7. Where is your company based?
8. That is a coincidence! I'm also a designer.
Key to Exercises-C
分析：1和2担的总是都有些唐突，特别是2显得不太礼貌，对方心里也许会说"it's none of your business."[不关你的事]3是从谈论天气开场，这在许多场合都是可以用的。
Key to Exercises-D
A：Are you going to New York too?
B：Yes. I'm going there on business. What about you?
A：Me too. Our Company is setting up an office in New York?
B：I see. So you must have been to New York several times.
A：yes. Is it your first trip to America?
B：Right. I'd like some advice from you.
Key to Translation
In the lounge of a trade fair, two strangers start talking.
A：Is this your first visit to the trade fair?
B：Yes, hopefully not my last.
A：Have you find time to see all the exhibits?
B：Well, I've just seen Chinese silk.
A：Are you interested in it?
B：Yes. Actually I'm a silk importer.
A：Really? That's a coincidence. My factory produces high quality silk.
B：Good. Let's fix a time to see the samples. Where is your factory based?
A：In Suzhou. I can show you around.