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雅思阅读如何快速定位核心词找答案

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zhaocongcong

2018年07月27日

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  雅思阅读文章量较大,而且时间有限,考生一定要学会抓住重点内容找答案。通过对历年真题的分析和解读,小编把文章中经常出现的一些重点信号词进行了梳理分类,接下来我将一一展开进行介绍。

  一、表顺接和递进词

  例词:also, furthermore, moreover, what is more, in addition…

  考点:And Western scientists are starting to draw on this wisdom… (C6, P28,Q31找标题)

  解析:And在这句话开头,有一定的递进含义,this wisdom则是指代了前面一句话出现的their wealth of traditional knowledge(因纽特人传统的知识),所以这两句话有紧密的联系,同学们在读题的时候要通过发现信号词,然后发散地看它的前后句,最后把考点考察的意思补充完整。

  二、表对比和转折词

  例词:however, but, although, nevertheless, on the other hand, by comparison, while

  考点:But such projects must be built to higher specifications and withmore accountability to local people and their environment than in the past. (C7P24 Q20)

  解题:此题是段落大意配对题,在确定H段段落大意时,段落中间but之后出现的那句话就是解题的关键,根据句子中出现的两个比较级,可以确定答案应该为X The need to raise standards.

  考点:While suggestopedia has gained some notoriety through success in the teaching of modern languages, few teachers are able to emulate the spectacularresults of Lozanove and his

  associates. (C7 P27 倒数第二段 Q39, 40)

  解析:段首句用while引起注意,我们可以根据success, 和后半句中的few teachers, spectacular results, 搞定最后两个填空题。

  三、相似词

  例词:similarly, in other words, that is, put another way, as …

  考点: Thus, we concluded that the blind interpret abstract shapes as sighted people do.(C4, P28, Q40)

  解析:题目考的是对文章的总结。因此解题时重点看文章中表示结论的句子,thus这个单词给了我们提示,而句子中的as...do表达的是一个相似的逻辑,因此答案可以确定为B。

  四、排列次序词

  例词:firstly, second, another, the second, the most, the best, next,then, now, later, since, eventually, finally…

  考点:First, it lacked the necessary technical vocabulary. Second, it lacked the grammatical resources required to represent the world i an objectiveand impersonal way,... (C5, P49, Q30-31)

  解析:题目30-31考的是并列和否定的逻辑关系,原文中的first, second, 对应的就是题目中的neither...nor...这个并列关系,这两题的答案就迎刃而解了。

  考点:First mechanism, then mass use of chemical fertiliser andpesticides, then monocultures, then battery rearing of livestock, and now genetic engineering – the onward marching of intensive farming has seemed unstoppable in the last hal- century, as the yields of produce have soared. (C7, P44, Q15)

  解析:段首句连用表示次序的信号词,first, then, then… and now, 体现发展的不同阶段。(the stages of development of farming industry C7 P77 选择配对)

  五、强调作用词

  例词:in fact, in essence, in particular, emphasize…

  考点:This, in essence, is the problem of modern sociobiology- to discover the degree to which hard-wired genetic programming dictates… (C5, P21,Q18 信息包含题)

  解析:信息包含题考察细节是在哪个段落出现,在做此类题目时,要注意信号词与考点的密切相关性,从而迅速找准答案。这里出现了in essence(实质上),起了一定的强调作用,迅速扫读后,发现同时出现了题目关键词sociobiology, 破折号后面的介词to表目的,与题目中的the general aim of一致对应。

  六、最高级、比较级

  例词:–est, most, best, more, better, superior, inferior, preferable,exclusively, extremely...

  考点:Making a rapid emotional assessment of the events of the moment is an extremely demanding job for the brain, animal or human. (C5, P44, Q24)

  解析:题目中出现了最高级the most difficult tasks, 因此在原文中也应该相应的出现最高级。除了明显的the most, -est, 还有些单词本身也含有最高级的含义,比如extremely, exclusively, superficially, 文中的这个extremelydemanding对应的就是题目中的最高级,所以答案也确定。

  七、因果关系词

  例词:as, because, since, lead to, as a result, result in, consequently,therefore, thus, the caused of…

  考点:Until recently, not much was known about the topic, and little help was available to teachers to deal with bullying. Perhaps as a consequence,schools would often deny the problem.(C6, P94, Q33)

  解题:题目问的是学校否认问题反应了什么,就是这个现象的根本原因。因此原文中consequence就给解题提供了信息,根据consequence之前的一句话就可以将答案找到。

  八、举例子和说明

  例词:for example, for instance, that is to say, i.e., such as, including…

  考点:Other substances were then introduced: including fillers, such as woodflour, asbestos or cotton… (C5, P39, Q5 流程图)

  解析:我们看到such as后面是举例子,such as后面的例子可以作为定位词,woodflour, asbestos, cotton就是fillers的其中一种。Fillers在这里就是一个概括性的词语,常常是考点。

  以上就是雅思阅读中常出现的一些重点关注词,这些词附近经常会出现相关内容的考点,读文章时我们要多加留意。


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