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外国人最想和你聊的时事话题:麦田怪圈

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2018年11月08日

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 What is Crop Circles 什么是麦田怪圈
     A crop circle is a sizable pattern created by the flattening of a crop such as wheat, barley, rye, maize, or rapeseed. Crop circles are also referred to as crop formations, because they are not always circular in shape. While the exact date crop circles began to appear is unknown, the documented cases have substantially increased from the 1970s to current times. Twenty-six countries ended up reporting approximately ten-thousand crop circles, in the last third of the 20th century, and 90% of those were located in southern England. Many of the formations appearing in that area are positioned near ancient monuments, such as Stonehenge. According to one study, nearly half of all circles found in the UK in 2003 were located within a 15 km radius of Avebury. Formations usually are made overnight, but have also been made during the day. The most widely known method for a person or group to construct a crop formation is to tie one end of a rope to an anchor point, and the other end to a board which is used to crush the plants. More recent methods include the use of a lawn roller.
     Some crop formations are paid for by companies who use them as advertising.
     Other explanations:
     Weather
     Some people have suggested that crop circles are the result of extraordinary meteorological phenomena. This hypothesis probably originated from an 1880 publication in Nature by investigator and amateur scientist John Rand Capron. Part of the publication reappeared in the January 2000 issue of Journal of Meteorology.
     Paranormal
     Color sketch of a "spaceship" creating crop circles, sent to UK Ministry of Defence circa 1998.
     Since appearing in the media in the 1970s, crop circles have become the subject of speculation by various paranormal, ufological, and anomalistic investigators ranging from proposals that they were created by bizarre meteorological phenomena to messages from extraterrestrial beings.
     The location of many crop circles near ancient sites such as Stonehenge, barrows, and chalk horses has led many New Age belief systems to incorporate crop circles, speculating their existence in relation to ley lines.
     Some New Age supporters have related crop circles to the Gaia hypothesis, alleging that "Gaia", the earth, is actually alive and that crop circles are messages or responses to stimuli such as global warming and human pollution. It asserts that the earth may be modeled as if a single super-organism, in those earthly components (e.g. biota, climate, temperature, sunlight, etc.) influence each other and are organized to function and develop as a whole.
     Responding to local beliefs that "extraterrestrial beings" in UFOs were responsible for crop circles appearing in Indonesia, the government and the National Aeronautics and Space Agency (Lapan) described them as "man-made". Thomas Djamaluddin, research professor of astronomy and astrophysics at Lapan stated: "We have come to agree that this 'thing'cannot be scientifically proven. Scientists have put UFOs in the category of pseudoscience."
     Animal activity
     In 2009, BBC News reported that Lara Giddings, the attorney general for the island state of Tasmania, stated that Australian wallabies had been found creating crop circles in fields of poppies after consuming some of the opiate-laden crop and running in circles.
     麦田圈(Crop circle)是在麦田或其他农田上,透过某种力量把农作物压平而产生出几何图案(geometrical pattern),主要出现于欧洲与北美洲,英国的巨石阵(Stonehenge),英国hill图:多为马的图形(English hill figures),长冢(West Kennet Long Barrow)等古迹附近的农作物田园中经常发现。
     三十多年来,科学界对怪圈是如何形成的一直存在争议。目前主要有五种说法,包括磁场(magnetic field)说、龙卷风(tornado)说、外星人(extraterrestrial intelligence)制造说、预告说、人造(artificial)说等。世人对于怪圈的成因也有多种看法。







     The world's first three-dimensional crop circle has been discovered deep in the English countryside, sparking the start of the corn circle season.
     世界首个三维麦田怪圈现身英国偏远乡村,点燃了麦田怪圈的旺季。
     The crop circle expert Byron Rees is searching into this mystery.
     研究"麦田怪圈"现象的专家拜伦·斯一直致力于解开其中的玄奥。
     Crop circles have been found all over the world, but most appear here in England.
     世界各地都发现了"麦田怪圈",但绝大部分的怪圈还是在英格兰。
     Some crop circles are electrical or radioactive, and these will have straight lines or edges or angles unto them.
     某些麦田怪圈是电的和辐射性的,并带有直线、边或平角。
     Crop circles are static pictures of key codes and fire letters emanating through photonic sources.
     麦田怪圈是透过光子源而散发的钥匙编码和火焰字母图案。
     Experts have been left in awe of the intricacy of the latest sighting, which is 360- feet in diameter, on wheat field in Oxford shire.
     在牛津郡一块麦田里,最新看到的麦田怪圈直径360英尺,其复杂性令专家们深感敬畏。
     A local inn named "The Barge Inn" has become the favorite"watering hole" for those who study the crop circle phenomenon.
     在当地有一家名叫"驳船"的小酒吧,如今已成了致力于"麦田怪圈"研究的人士最常光顾的"沙龙"。
     Crop circles are static images of holographic movement that earth is ascending into at this time of global evolution.
     麦田怪圈是在此全球进化之时,地球提升入全息运动的静态图案。
     The Language of ONE section has just been introduced and offers holographic energy flow in the form of crop circle interpretations.
     "全一之语"部分刚刚推出,以麦田怪圈释义的形式提供了全息能量流。
     Within 30 years, the debate on the existence of crop circles never disappears among scientists.
     30多年来,科学界对怪圈是如何形成的一直存在争议。
     Some people think that the climate change in summer and tornado is the main reason of crop circles.
     有人认为,夏季天气变化无常,龙卷风是造成怪圈的主要原因。
     Many people believe that the crop circles most probably form over night by ET.
     很多人相信,麦田怪圈大多是在一夜之间形成,很可能是外星人的杰作。
     Crop circle is the worldwide phenomenon, with numerous new patterns appear everywhere in the whole world beyond believe.
     麦田圈是全球出现的现象,每年新的图案在各地以令人难以置信的数目冒出。
     In someone's point of view, at the back of crop circle, there is a mysterious power like Bermuda Triangle.
     一些人相信,麦田怪圈背后有种神秘的力量,就像百慕大三角一样。
     It is found out after investigation that most crop circle are practical joke, but people who are enthusiastic about it still bear strong curiosity.
     经过调查,发现大部分麦田怪圈是某些人的恶作剧,但热衷于此的人还是对此怀有很大的好奇心。
Part 3 Let's Talk! 开始交流吧!
     Remond: Have you ever heard about crop circles?
     雷蒙德:你听说过麦田怪圈吗?
     Nancy: Yes, this strange phenomenon appears in many places around the world.
     南希:听说过,全国各地都出现过这种奇怪的现象。
     Remond: But most of crop circles happen in England.
     雷蒙德:但绝大部分的怪圈还是在英格兰。
     Nancy: There are many scientists who are doing research on this phenomenon.
     南希:很多科学家对这一现象进行研究。
     Remond: How about the result?
     雷蒙德:研究结果怎么样?
     Nancy: Some believe that it is arouse by magnetic field, some think it is generated by tornado, and still others claim that they are masterpieces by E.T.
     南希:有些人认为是由于磁场引起的,有些人认为是龙卷风造成的,还有些人认为是外星人的杰作。
     Remond: How do you think about this phenomenon?
     雷蒙德:你怎么看待这个现象?
     Nancy: Frankly speaking, I believe that they are man-made landscape.
     南希:说实话,我觉得是人为制造的景观。
     Remond: What's the purpose for generationg crop circle?
     雷蒙德:那么这些人制造麦田怪圈的目的是什么呢?
     Nancy: Maybe to attract others' attention, or become famous, or just for fun.
     南希:或许是为了吸引别人的注意,或许是为了出名,又或者仅仅是为了好玩。
     Remond: Some people consider crop circle as a "fortaste of disaster", and there conceals a mysterious force behind it like Bermuda Triangle.
     雷蒙德:有人认为麦田怪圈是一种"灾难预告",其背后隐藏着一种像百慕大一样的神秘力量。
     Nancy: It will be terrible if it is true.
     南希:如果真是那样就很可怕了。
     Remond: But I think it's just an alarmist talk.
     雷蒙德:不过我认为那只不过是危言耸听罢了。
     Nancy: Besides, there are crop circle creation competitions in many places.
     南希:此外,现在很多地方开展了麦田圈的创作比赛。
     Remond: That further illustrate that crop circles are man-made products.
     雷蒙德:这就更加说明麦田怪圈是人为的产物。
    
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