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 Realize How to Improve your Emotional Mental Health 如何保持心理健康

     1 保持心理健康的方法
     Mental health can be seen as a continuum, where an individual's mental health may have many different possible values. Mental wellness is generally viewed as a positive attribute, such that a person can reach enhanced levels of mental health, even if they do not have any diagnosable mental health condition.
     Being mentally and emotionally healthy does not exclude the experiences of life which we cannot control. As humans we are going to face emotions and events that are a part of life. According to Smith and Segal, "People who are emotionally and mentally healthy have the tools for coping with difficult situations and maintaining a positive outlook in which also remain focused, flexible, and creative in bad times as well as good".
     People who are emotionally and mentally healthy have the tools for coping with difficult situations and maintaining a positive outlook. They remain focused, flexible, and creative in bad times as well as good. In order to improve your emotional mental health the root of the issue has to be resolved. "Prevention emphasizes the avoidance of risk factors; promotion aims to enhance an individual's ability to achieve a positive sense of self-esteem, mastery, well-being, and social inclusion". It is very important to improve your emotional mental health by surrounding yourself with positive relationships. We as humans, feed off companionships and interaction with other people. Another way to improve your emotional mental health is participating in activities that can allow you to relax and take time for yourself. Yoga is a great example of its meditating aspect which calms your entire body and nerves. According to a study on well-being Richards, Campania and Muse-Burke found, "mindfulness is considered to be a purposeful state, it may be that those who practice it believe in its importance and value being mindful, so that valuing of self-care activities may influence the intentional component of mindfulness"
     2 常见心理治疗的表达方式
     (1)Ordinary mental illness 常见心理疾病
     A mental disorder or mental illness is a psychological or behavioral pattern generally associated with subjective distress or disability that occurs in an individual, and which is not a part of normal development or culture.
     depression              抑郁症
     obsessive-Compulsive Disorder    强迫性神经症
     internet addiction disease     网络综合症
     mania vesania            躁狂症
     hyperactivity disorder       多动症
     autism                自闭症
     schizophrenia            精神分裂症
     anxiety neurosis           焦虑症
     hysteria               歇斯底里
     (2)mental states          表示心理状态的词
     state of mind             心态
     abnornal psychology          异常心理
     normal psychology           正常心理
     psychological balance         心理平衡
     psychological trait/ristic      心理特征

     A health psychology is essential to the growth of body and mind, and that should be bright, positvie, upward and socilized and good personality.
     Depression is a mood disorder that causes you to feel sad or hopeless for an extended period of time.
     More than just a bout of the blues or temporary feelings of grief low energy, depression can have a significant impact on your enjoyme of life, your work, your health, and the people you care about.
     Depression affects people differently.
     Some feel down for extended periods of time; for others the feelin of depression come and go.
     In severe cases, depression can cause people to become incapab of communicating, unable to do routine activities, or suicidal. In the cases, it is essential to seek medical attention.
     We now know that depression, like other medical conditions, has chemical and biological basis.
     Treatment for depression is safe and usually effective even f severely depressed people.
     Depression may be triggered by stressful life events, other illnesse certain drugs or medications, or inherited traits.
     Although causes of depression are not entirely understood, we kno it is linked to an imbalance in brain chemistry. Once the imbalance corrected, symptoms of depression generally improve.
     虽然抑郁的起因不能完全搞清楚,但我们知道它和大脑内某种对or nt、gs le se自 a or s,素wi s化学物质的失衡有联系。一旦这种失衡被纠正之后,抑郁就会大大地改善。
     Depression is more than just the normal, temporary feelings of sadness and hopelessness associated with difficult life events.
     Common symptoms include: depressed mood, inability to enjoy activities, problems concentrating, poor memory.
     Depression is usually treated successfully with professional counseling or antidepressant medication.
     People with depression usually can be treated as outpatients, but in severe cases a period of hospitalization may be necessary.
     If you have mild or moderate depression, you may be diagnosed and treated by your family health professional and a therapist or psychologist.
     If you have severe depression or other psychological disorders or do not respond to treatment, a psychiatrist, a doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of mental health problems, may be helpful.
     Let your health professional know if you suspect that you have depression, because it is often overlooked.
     In the United States, an estimated 15% of people will have depression at some point in life, and chances of becoming depressed are even higher for certain people.
     Women experience depression twice as often as men, although men are more likely to commit suicide as a result of depression.
     Separated or divorced individuals, especially men, are more likely than married people to become depressed.
     People who have a serious illness are more likely to suffer from depression.

     George: Morning! Tom! Haven't met you for a Long time. How is everything going?
     Tom: Everything goes well and now I take exercise every day. You see, don't think I am very strong now?
     George: Oh, yeah, you are strong truly. But nowadays, there is usually no problem in people's physical situation or the physical problem can be discovered and solved easily. What we should do is to pay more attention to mental health. Do you think so?
     Tom: Ah, right. I paid no attention to this before, and now after hearing your words, I think there is really something wrong with me mentally. I often feel uneasy without any reason. Do you know what should I do?
     George: I don't know why, it is possibly depression. What are you busy with these days?
     Tom: I am preparing for the Civil Service Examination.
     George: You must be too anxious about the result. You are worrying about the possible result, right?
     Tom: Yes, kind of. I really hope I won't fail.
     George: Just take easy. What you should focus is the process, not the result. If you have prepared very well, the result won't be too bad.
     Tom: I hope so. But I can't control my state of mind.
     George: If so, I advise you to ask a psychologist for help soon.
     Tom: Ok, I will go as soon as possible. We should be aware of mental health regularly. Thanks.
     George: Don't mention it. May you recover as quickly as possible.

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