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外国人最想和你聊的文化话题:心灵维他命

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2018年12月04日

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 Realize How to Improve your Emotional Mental Health 如何保持心理健康

     1 保持心理健康的方法
     Mental health can be seen as a continuum, where an individual's mental health may have many different possible values. Mental wellness is generally viewed as a positive attribute, such that a person can reach enhanced levels of mental health, even if they do not have any diagnosable mental health condition.
     Being mentally and emotionally healthy does not exclude the experiences of life which we cannot control. As humans we are going to face emotions and events that are a part of life. According to Smith and Segal, "People who are emotionally and mentally healthy have the tools for coping with difficult situations and maintaining a positive outlook in which also remain focused, flexible, and creative in bad times as well as good".
     People who are emotionally and mentally healthy have the tools for coping with difficult situations and maintaining a positive outlook. They remain focused, flexible, and creative in bad times as well as good. In order to improve your emotional mental health the root of the issue has to be resolved. "Prevention emphasizes the avoidance of risk factors; promotion aims to enhance an individual's ability to achieve a positive sense of self-esteem, mastery, well-being, and social inclusion". It is very important to improve your emotional mental health by surrounding yourself with positive relationships. We as humans, feed off companionships and interaction with other people. Another way to improve your emotional mental health is participating in activities that can allow you to relax and take time for yourself. Yoga is a great example of its meditating aspect which calms your entire body and nerves. According to a study on well-being Richards, Campania and Muse-Burke found, "mindfulness is considered to be a purposeful state, it may be that those who practice it believe in its importance and value being mindful, so that valuing of self-care activities may influence the intentional component of mindfulness"
     2 常见心理治疗的表达方式
     (1)Ordinary mental illness 常见心理疾病
     A mental disorder or mental illness is a psychological or behavioral pattern generally associated with subjective distress or disability that occurs in an individual, and which is not a part of normal development or culture.
     depression              抑郁症
     obsessive-Compulsive Disorder    强迫性神经症
     internet addiction disease     网络综合症
     mania vesania            躁狂症
     hyperactivity disorder       多动症
     autism                自闭症
     schizophrenia            精神分裂症
     anxiety neurosis           焦虑症
     hysteria               歇斯底里
     (2)mental states          表示心理状态的词
     state of mind             心态
     abnornal psychology          异常心理
     normal psychology           正常心理
     psychological balance         心理平衡
     psychological trait/ristic      心理特征
     我们必须看到,心理疾病是很普遍的,只不过存在着程度区别而已。而且现代文明的发展使人类愈发脱离其自然属性,污染、生活快节奏、紧张、信息量空前巨大、社会关系复杂、作息方式变化、消费取向差异、在公平的理念下不公平的事实拉大、溺爱等,都使心理疾病逐渐增多并恶化。心理疾病种类很多,表现各异,而且有可能出现更多的以前都没有注意到,或已经合理化(不认为是心理疾病)。随着时代的变化,新发现的心理疾病也不少。





     A health psychology is essential to the growth of body and mind, and that should be bright, positvie, upward and socilized and good personality.
     一个健康的心理,应该是积极的、阳光的、向上的、有着良好人际关系和性格的。
     Depression is a mood disorder that causes you to feel sad or hopeless for an extended period of time.
     抑郁是在一段时间内持续的一种精神紊乱,它让人感觉悲伤,生活失去希望。
     More than just a bout of the blues or temporary feelings of grief low energy, depression can have a significant impact on your enjoyme of life, your work, your health, and the people you care about.
     不止发作一次的悲伤心情,或没有精力,抑郁,对人们的生活工作、健康,甚至对周围的人们都会产生很大影响。
     Depression affects people differently.
     抑郁对人们的影响是不同的。
     Some feel down for extended periods of time; for others the feelin of depression come and go.
     有些人经常情绪失落,而有些人只是偶尔有这种情绪。
     In severe cases, depression can cause people to become incapab of communicating, unable to do routine activities, or suicidal. In the cases, it is essential to seek medical attention.
     严重抑郁会导致人无法正常交流,不能进行日常的活动,甚至杀。在这种情况下,寻求药物治疗就非常重要。
     We now know that depression, like other medical conditions, has chemical and biological basis.
     我们知道,抑郁和其他的疾病一样,都有生物和化学基础。
     Treatment for depression is safe and usually effective even f severely depressed people.
     治疗是安全的,对于患有严重抑郁的人,它通常是非常有效的。
     Depression may be triggered by stressful life events, other illnesse certain drugs or medications, or inherited traits.
     过高压力的生活事件,其他疾病,一些药物或治疗,或遗传因等都有可能引发抑郁。
     Although causes of depression are not entirely understood, we kno it is linked to an imbalance in brain chemistry. Once the imbalance corrected, symptoms of depression generally improve.
     虽然抑郁的起因不能完全搞清楚,但我们知道它和大脑内某种对or nt、gs le se自 a or s,素wi s化学物质的失衡有联系。一旦这种失衡被纠正之后,抑郁就会大大地改善。
     Depression is more than just the normal, temporary feelings of sadness and hopelessness associated with difficult life events.
     抑郁不仅仅是一种和困难生活事件相关的,普通的,临时性的伤心和无望感。
     Common symptoms include: depressed mood, inability to enjoy activities, problems concentrating, poor memory.
     (抑郁)一般的症状包括:情绪抑郁,不能享受运动,注意力无法集中,记忆力差。
     Depression is usually treated successfully with professional counseling or antidepressant medication.
     通过专业的开导或服用抗抑郁药物,通常可以成功地治疗抑郁。
     People with depression usually can be treated as outpatients, but in severe cases a period of hospitalization may be necessary.
     通常抑郁患者不需住院治疗,但情况严重的,需要住院一段时间。
     If you have mild or moderate depression, you may be diagnosed and treated by your family health professional and a therapist or psychologist.
     如果患有轻微或中度的抑郁症,可以通过家庭医生或临床医师或心理专家进行诊断和治疗。
     If you have severe depression or other psychological disorders or do not respond to treatment, a psychiatrist, a doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of mental health problems, may be helpful.
     如果你有严重的抑郁症或其他的精神紊乱,或治疗无效的,精神健康专业医生可能会提供帮助。
     Let your health professional know if you suspect that you have depression, because it is often overlooked.
     如果你怀疑自己有抑郁症,一定要让你的健康医生知道,因为它通常会被忽略。
     In the United States, an estimated 15% of people will have depression at some point in life, and chances of becoming depressed are even higher for certain people.
     在美国,15%的人在某段时间都有抑郁症,那些有可能患抑郁症的人数还要多些。
     Women experience depression twice as often as men, although men are more likely to commit suicide as a result of depression.
     女性患抑郁症的可能性是男性的两倍,虽然,男性在患抑郁症之后比女性更易自杀。
     Separated or divorced individuals, especially men, are more likely than married people to become depressed.
     分居或离异的人,特别是男性,比结婚的人更易患抑郁。
     People who have a serious illness are more likely to suffer from depression.
     患有严重疾病的人更易患抑郁症。





     George: Morning! Tom! Haven't met you for a Long time. How is everything going?
     乔治:早上好,汤姆,好久不见啦。一切顺利吗?
     Tom: Everything goes well and now I take exercise every day. You see, don't think I am very strong now?
     汤姆:一切都很顺利。我现在每天都锻炼。你看,你不觉得我更加强壮了吗?
     George: Oh, yeah, you are strong truly. But nowadays, there is usually no problem in people's physical situation or the physical problem can be discovered and solved easily. What we should do is to pay more attention to mental health. Do you think so?
     乔治:是的,你是真的强壮了。但是现在,人们的身体状态一般是没什么问题的,而且身体上的问题可以比较容易就发现和解决了。我们应该做的是更加注重心理健康,你不这样认为吗?
     Tom: Ah, right. I paid no attention to this before, and now after hearing your words, I think there is really something wrong with me mentally. I often feel uneasy without any reason. Do you know what should I do?
     汤姆:是呀。我以前都没在意过。现在听你说了以后,我觉得我可能真的有点问题。我经常无缘无故就觉得慌张。你认为我该怎么办呢?
     George: I don't know why, it is possibly depression. What are you busy with these days?
     乔治:我不知道什么原因,可能是抑郁症。你最近在忙什么呢?
     Tom: I am preparing for the Civil Service Examination.
     汤姆:我正在准备公务员考试。
     George: You must be too anxious about the result. You are worrying about the possible result, right?
     乔治:你肯定是太紧张结果了。你太担心可能的结果,是吗?
     Tom: Yes, kind of. I really hope I won't fail.
     汤姆:是的。有点。我真的希望我不会失败。
     George: Just take easy. What you should focus is the process, not the result. If you have prepared very well, the result won't be too bad.
     乔治:放轻松点。你应该专注过程而不是结果。如果你仔细准备的话,结果不会太糟糕的。
     Tom: I hope so. But I can't control my state of mind.
     汤姆:我也希望如此。但我就是控制不了我的心态。
     George: If so, I advise you to ask a psychologist for help soon.
     乔治:如果是这样的话,你可能要去心理咨询师那里寻求帮助。
     Tom: Ok, I will go as soon as possible. We should be aware of mental health regularly. Thanks.
     汤姆:好吧,我会尽快去的。我们应该时常关注我们的心理健康。谢谢。
     George: Don't mention it. May you recover as quickly as possible.
     乔治:不用谢。希望你能尽快恢复。
    

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