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外国人最想和你聊的文化话题:美国国家公园

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2018年12月28日

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 Realize America's National Parks 认识美国国家公园

     1 美国国家公园名单
     The United States has 58 protected areas known as national parks, which are operated by the National Park Service, an agency of the Department of the Interior. National parks must be established by an act of the United States Congress. The first national park, Yellowstone, was signed into law by President Ulysses S. Grant in 1872, followed by Sequoia and Yosemite in 1890. The Organic Act of 1916 created the National Park Service "to conserve the scenery and the natural and historic objects and wildlife therein, and to provide for the enjoyment of the same in such manner and by such means as will leave them unimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations." National parks usually have a variety of natural resources over large areas. Many of them had been previously protected as National Monuments by the President under the Antiquities Act before being upgraded by Congress. Seven national parks are paired with a National Preserve, six of which are in Alaska. While administered together, they are considered as separate units and their areas are not included in the figures below. The newest national park is Great Sand Dunes, established in 2004.
     Twenty-seven states have national parks, as do insular areas American Samoa and the United States Virgin Islands. Alaska and California have the most, each with eight, followed by Utah with five and Colorado with four. The largest national park is Wrangell-St. Elias, at over 8,000,000 acres (32,000 km2), followed by three more in Alaska; the smallest is Hot Springs, at less than 6,000 acres (24 km2). The total area protected by national parks is approximately 51,900,000 acres (210,000 km2), for an average of 895,000 acres (3,620 km2) but a median of only 317,000 acres (1,280 km2). The most-visited national park is Great Smoky Mountains, with over nine million visitors in 2008, followed by the Grand Canyon, with over four million. Fourteen national parks are designated World Heritage Sites.
     2 美国各地国家公园的表达方式
     America's first national park was Yellowstone, in the western state of Wyoming. It was the first national park in the world. The government said the park was for all the people to enjoy, then and in the future. Today three-million people each year visit Yellowstone National Park, most of them during summer.The National Park Service has two main jobs. One is to protect America's national parks. The other is to help visitors enjoy them. Some people think these two jobs conflict with each other.
     Blue Ridge Parkway                  蓝色山脊公园道
     Mount Rushmore National Memorial
     罗斯摩尔山国家公园(有总统头像)
     Grand canyon national park              大峡谷国家公园
     Great smoky mountains national park
     大烟山国家公园
     Yellowstone national park              黄石公园
     Yosemite national park                优胜美地国家公园
     Crater Lake National Park               火山湖国家公园
     Everglades National Park               大沼泽国家公园
     Hawaii Volcanoes National Park
     夏威夷火山国家公园
     Isle Royale National Park              罗亚岛国家公园
     Joshua Tree National Park              约束亚树国家公园
     Kenai Fjords National Park              奇奈峡湾国家公园
     Katmai National Park                 卡特迈国家公园
     国家公园不只是大自然的孤岛,也是人类心灵的庇护所;不只是可以拍照的地方,也是人类对荒野需要与渴求的告白。这些地方让人们可以更接近岩石与天空、光和影、空与静;让孤独的健行客迷失,抑或发现自己;让登山家和攀岩族平添对抗高山与峡谷的勇气;让激流探险的勇士感受澎湃的生命;让一般的游客为一些比他们自身更伟大的东西而瞠目结舌,放纵梦想。荒野已开始进入我们的生活,就让我们从美国国家公园开始我们的荒野之旅吧。





     Yellowstone national park:This natural wonders unparalleled beauty inspired the U.S. government to create the world's first national park.
     黄石公园:这一自然奇观以其无与伦比的美景促使美国政府辟建了世界上第一个国家公园。
     For a young country just coming of age in the early 1800s, the discovery of Yellowstone helped define America s identity with its vast, bold landscape.
     作为一个19世纪初叶才发展起来的年轻国家,黄石地区的开辟得以使美国以其辽阔而雄浑的自然风光著称于世。
     Today, Yellowstone's identity is closely associated with its powerful, natural geysers such as the ever present:Old Faithful.
     今天,黄石国家公园的特色是与其许多天然间歇泉紧密联系在一起的,诸如迄今尚存的"老忠实喷泉"。
     Old Faithful erupts about every 85, 87 minutes. Its 130, 140 feet tall, it's magnificent.
     "老忠实喷泉"每隔85到87分钟喷射一次,高达130到140英尺,十分壮观。
     The incredible geysers and picture postcard landscape brought Yellowstone its fame.
     奇特的喷泉与印在明信片上的美丽景色使黄石国家公园闻名遐迩。
     But today, its wildlife population is just as popular. The most controversial of these is Yellowstone s wolf population. Until recently, the wolf was almost extinct.
     但今天,这里的野生动物数量同样引人关注,其中最有争议的是黄石国家公园狼的数目。到最近,它们已濒临灭绝。
     For inspiring the vision to preserve one of the worlds most beautiful natural wonders, Yellowstone lands at number six on our list.
     为了鼓励人们去保护这世界上最美丽的自然奇观之一,黄石国家公园在我们的排名中位居第六。
     At number six, this natural wonder's unparalleled beauty inspired the US government to create the world's first national park, incredible natural geysers and wolf brought Yellowstone its fame.
     名列第六位的自然奇观,其无与伦比的美丽令美国政府为之创立了世界上第一个国家公园,奇妙的天然喷泉和狼使黄石公园闻名遐迩。
     John, the British born American naturalist, promoted the creation of national parks and reservations.
     缪尔·约翰是英裔美国博物学家,他建议建立国家公园和自然保护区。
     Have you been to American Grand Canyon National Park?
     你到过美国大峡谷国家公园吗?
     The first national park in the United States, located in Wyoming, famous for Old Faithful geyser and for buffalo and bears.
     美国的第一国家公园,位于怀俄明州,以旧费斯富尔泉、水牛和熊著名。
     Everglades:a subtropical swamp area of southern Florida including Everglades National Park. It is noted for its wildlife, especially crocodiles, alligators, and egrets.
     埃弗格来兹:美国佛罗里达州南部的一片亚热带沼泽地区,内有大沼泽国家公园,以其内的野生动物,特别以鳄鱼、短吻鳄鱼和白鹭而闻名。
     The first national park, founded in 1872, was Yellowstone, in the State of Wyoming.
     位于怀俄明州的黄石公园是美国第一个国家公园,它建立于1872年。
     These 155 protected forests provide Americans with large recreation areas and they also serve as essential watersheds and safe habitats for wildlife.
     155处国家公园,使美国人有广大的消遣地区,成为重要的分水地带,并且保护了野生动物。
     The largest grey bears population in United States is in Yellowstone National Park.
     美国的黄石国家公园是该国最大的灰熊栖息地。
     Under an 1897 statute, the purposes of establishing national forests were declared to be water control and "a continuous supply of timber".
     1897年的法令规定,建立国家公园的目的是为了控制水资源并"持续供应木材"。
     American national parks represent one of the finest examples of nature conservation in the world.
     美国的国家公园代表了世界上自然保护的最佳典范之一。
     Yellowstone is the oldest national park in the world.
     黄石公园是世界上最早的国家公园。
     John Colter, the explorer who discovered Yellowstone Park claimed that he once escaped from the Indians by diving into a beaver pond and coming tip inside a beaver lodge.
     发现黄石公园的探险者约翰·科尔特宣称他曾潜水进入河狸居住的池塘并爬进河狸的巢穴从而逃脱印第安人的追捕。
     Yellowstone Park is also famous for the wolves, bears, and other animals.
     黄石公园还以它的狼、熊和其他动物而著名。
     The best part of Yellowstone lies in the northwest of Wyoming.
     黄石公园的最佳部分坐落在怀俄明州的西北部。
     Many people said it was a lifetime experience seeing a wolf in the wild in Yellowstone.
     许多人都说在黄石国家公园看见野生的狼是一种终生难忘的体验。
     Badge of maturity,12-tined antlers crown a lordly bull elk in Yellowstone; they serve also as formidable weapons.
     黄石国家公园里的公麋鹿,顶着它成熟的标志--富有贵族气质的12叉鹿角,这些鹿角还是它们的令人望而生畏的武器。
     Much of Yellowstone National Park is a giant collapsed volcano, or a caldera.
     黄石国家公园的大部分地方是一座坍塌的大火山,或是一个喷火山口。





     Wendy:If you have the chance to go to America, where will you go?
     温迪:如果你去美国,你会去哪里?
     Lucy:I will definitely go to the Yellowstone National Park.
     露西:我当然会去黄石公园。
     Wendy:Is it famous?
     温迪:黄石公园有名吗?
     Lucy:Of course. Yellowstone is the first national park in the world. And it is famous for the natural view.
     露西:当然。黄石公园是世界上第一个国家公园,它因为自然风光而闻名于世。
     Wendy:What can be viewed there?
     温迪:那里有什么好看的呢?
     Lucy:Today, Yellowstone's identity is closely associated with its powerful, natural geysers.
     露西:今天,黄石国家公园的特色是与其许多天然间歇泉紧密联系在一起的。
     Wendy:What is the most famouse geyser there?
     温迪:那里最有名的间歇泉是什么?
     Lucy:It is the Old Faithful.
     露西:是"老忠实喷泉"。
     Wendy:Anything special about it?
     温迪:它有什么特别的吗?
     Lucy:Old Faithful erupts about every 85, 87 minutes. It is 130, 140 feet tall.
     露西:"老忠实喷泉"每隔85到87分钟喷射一次,高达130到140英尺。
     Wendy:It must be magnificent.
     温迪:那一定非常壮观。
     Lucy:Yes. In Yellowstone, you may see the wolf.
     露西:是的,在那里,你可能还会看到狼呢。
     Wendy:Wow. It must be exciting. I will go if I have the chance.
     温迪:哇,那一定很刺激。有机会我一定要去看看。
     Lucy:It is worth seeing.
     露西:那里值得看。
    

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