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外国人最想和你聊的文化话题:玩转伦敦

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qinting

2018年12月29日

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 Realize London 认识伦敦

     1 伦敦面面观
     London is the capital of England and the United Kingdom, the largest metropolitan area in the United Kingdom and the largest urban zone in the European Union by most measures.London has been a major settlement for two millennia, its history going back to its founding by the Romans, who called it Londinium. London's ancient core, the City of London, largely retains its square-mile mediaeval boundaries. Since at least the 17th century, the name London has also referred to the metropolis developed around this core. The bulk of this conurbation forms the London region and the Greater London administrative area, governed by the elected Mayor of London and the London Assembly.
     London is a leading global city, with strengths in the arts, commerce, education, entertainment, fashion, finance, healthcare, media, professional services, research and development, tourism and transport all contributing to its prominence. It is the world's largest financial centre alongside New York, has the largest city GDP in Europe and is home to the headquarters of more than 100 of Europe's 500 largest companies. It has the most international visitors of any city in the world. London Heathrow is the world's busiest airport by number of international passengers. London's 43 universities form the largest concentration of higher education institutions in Europe. In 2012 London will become the first city to host the Summer Olympic Games three times.
     London has a diverse range of peoples, cultures and religions, and more than 300 languages are spoken within its boundaries. In July 2007 it had an official population of 7,556,900 within the boundaries of Greater London, making it the most populous municipality in the European Union. The Greater London Urban Area is the second largest in the EU with a population of 8,278,251, while London's metropolitan area is the largest in the EU with an estimated total population of between 12 million and 14 million.
     London is home to numerous museums, galleries, libraries, sporting events and other cultural institutions including the British Museum, National Gallery, British Library, Wimbledon and 40 theatres. London's Chinatown is the largest in Europe.The London Underground network is the oldest underground railway network in the world and the most extensive after the Shanghai Metro.
     2 伦敦旅游景点的表达方式
     Buckingham Palace 白金汉宫
     Buckingham Palace may charge exorbitant entry fees but, as the London home of the Queen, it draws millions of tourists each year. They flock to witness royal pageantry dating back centuries at the Changing of the Guard ceremony at 1130 daily from April to July (alternate days at other times of the year), and for the rare chance to see inside a royal residence.
     British Museum 大英博物馆
     After the completion of a lengthy refurbishment programme - the centrepiece of which being the construction of Lord Foster's ambitious glass-roofed Great Court - the British Museum is back in place as one of the world's finest museums.
     Hyde Park 海德公园
     Humongous Hyde Park used to be a royal hunting ground, was once a venue for duels, executions and horse racing, and even became a giant potato field during WWII. It is now a place of fresh air, spring colour, lazy sunbathers and boaters on the Serpentine.
     British Airways London Eye 英航伦敦眼
     Towering 135m (444ft) into the heavens, right in the heart of London, the BA London Eye is literally an unmissable attraction.
     the Tower of London 伦敦塔
     The Tower of London is one of Britain's most visited tourist attractions and it's crammed with so many sites of historical interest that it can take all day to get around it and make the most of it.
     伦敦旅行可说是十分便利,一张地铁券便可跑遍全城,游览城内的风景名胜。白天,你可以参观具有文化气息的博物馆、塔桥、古迹与王宫,累了可随处找个公园小憩一下,或是喝个悠闲的英式下午茶。到了夜晚,不管是音乐歌舞秀、各式剧场、音乐会、酒馆或是夜总会,都能将你的夜晚带入最高潮。此外,绝不能错过的购物就是周末的市集,有别于豪华百货公司与精雕细琢的购物橱窗,这里更多了民间地方色彩。





     The White Tower was started in 1076 and completed in 1097.
     白塔于1076年开始建造,1097年竣工。
     Today, The Tower of London is one of the most popular tourist sights and attracts over three million visitors a year.
     伦敦塔今天是伦敦最受欢迎的旅游景观之一,每年吸引着300万以上的旅游者。
     Buckingham Palace is one of the most important landmarks of London and it attracts thousands of visitors from all over the world.
     白金汉宫是伦敦的一个标志性建筑,它吸引了来自全世界的成千上万的游客。
     Buckingham Palace is turned into a tourist attraction only during the brief period of August and September when the Queen is not in residence.
     白金汉宫只有在八月和九月的短暂期间才是旅游景点,那时候女王不在白金汉宫办公。
     Visitors can see famous paintings, antiques, as well as the Queen's dresses and jewellery in Buckingham Palace.
     在白金汉宫,旅客可以看到著名的油画,古董,还有女王的服饰和她佩戴的珠宝首饰。
     Buckingham Palace has the character of being the headquarters of the British monarchy.
     白金汉宫也是英国王室最高权力所在地。
     Buckingham Palace was open to the public for the first time in 1933.
     白金汉宫于1933年首次对公众开放。
     Buckingham Palace (1701):London residence of the British sovereign. It takes its name from the house Built there early in the 18th century for the dukes of Buckingham.
     白金汉宫 (1701) :英国君主在伦敦的王宫。因18世纪初为白金汉公爵建造的宅邸而得名。
     Today, the queen's home is officially called Buckingham palace, although many Londoners still call it Buck House. The guards are changed in the morning in the forecourt behind the railings.
     今天,白金汉宫是女王家的正式名称,但是还有很多伦敦人依然叫它白金汉屋。警卫是在前庭的栏杆后面完成每天早上的换班的。
     Since 1952, the civil time at Greenwich has been called Universal Time.
     1952年后,格林威治的民用时,已称为世界时。
     Most tourists in London visit the British Museum.
     去伦敦的游客多半要去参观不列颠博物馆。
     The Big Ben, the Tower of London and the British Museum remain famous in the world.
     大本钟、伦敦塔以及不列颠博物馆仍然名扬世界。
     The British Museum also holds 13, 700 Buddhist records from the Dunhuang Grottoes in Gansu Province.
     大英博物馆还收藏了13700件来自甘肃敦煌莫高窟的佛经。
     The British Museum of London opened in1759. It was called"Public". But in the beginning. only people from the upper class could enter.
     伦敦大英帝国博物馆于1759年开馆。它被称作"公共"。但刚开始时,仅对一些上流社会的名流开放。
     The chimes of the famous Big Ben can be heard all over the world on the B.B.C radio.
     大本钟的钟声通过英国广播公司的广播传遍了世界各地。
     The Big Ben has ticked away the time accurately for many years.
     大本钟多年来都在准确地走时。
     Big Ben takes its name from Sir Benjamin Hall who was responsible for the making of the clock when the new Houses of Parliament were Being Built.
     "大本钟"取名于Benjamin Hall爵士,因为他在建造新国会大厦时负责建造这座大钟。
     In London, people gathered in Trafalgar Square and along the banks of the River Thames to watch a fireworks display and hear Big Ben welcome the New Year with 12 resounding bongs.
     在英国伦敦,人们聚集在特拉法尔加广场和泰晤士河畔观看焰火表演,聆听"大本钟"敲响新年钟声,"大本钟"那12下浑厚的钟声回荡在夜空。
     Hyde Park has pop festivals, with 200,000 people sitting on the grass.
     海德公园举行流行音乐会,有二十万人坐在草地上聆听。
     The Crystal Palace was built in Hyde Park for the Great Exhibition of 1851.
     水晶宫是为1851年的世界博览会而在海德公园内兴建的。
     A few minutes' walk from the Palace will take you to the worldfamous Hyde Park.
     从白金汉宫步行几分钟便可来到闻名于世的海德公园。
     The Royal Parks are some of London's most popular, and also include Hyde Park, St. James's Park and Green Park.
     包括海德公园、圣姆斯公园和格林公园在内的英国皇家公园为伦敦最著名的景点。
     We'll see all of London from the London Eye.
     在伦敦眼上面我们会看到伦敦的全貌。
     British kings are crowned in Westminster Abbey.
     英国君主都在西敏寺加冕。





     Rose:Excuse me, is this the right train to London Station?
     罗斯:打扰一下。请问这是到伦敦站的火车吗?
     Joyce:Yes, it is.
     乔伊斯:是的。
     Rose:Is it the express or the local train?
     罗斯:这是快车还是慢车?
     Joyce:This is the express.
     乔伊斯:这是快车。
     Rose:What are the differences between the express and the local train?罗斯:快车和慢车之间有什么区别?
     Joyce:The express will save you a lot of time, and the local train stops at every station. Of course, the express costs more than the local train.
     乔伊斯:快车可以节省很多时间,慢车每站都停。当然了,快车要比慢车贵一些。
     Rose:I am still not sure when the train leaves.
     罗斯:我还不清楚火车什么时候离开。
     Joyce:About 3:00.
     乔伊斯:大概三点。
     Rose:When should I board the train?
     罗斯:我应该什么时候上火车呢?
     Joyce:You can listen to the station announcement. Where did you visit?
     乔伊斯:你可以听一下火车站的广播。 你参观了哪些地方?
     Rose:I visited London Bridge, Westminster and the Big Ben. And I took many pictures.
     罗斯:我去了伦敦桥和西敏寺大教堂,还看了大本钟。我还拍了很多照片。
     Joyce:Please let me see them.
     乔伊斯:让我看看。
    

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