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 Realize Kangaroos and Great Barrier Reef 认识袋鼠与大堡礁

     1 认识袋鼠与大堡礁
     The Great Barrier Reef is the world's largest reef system composed of over 2,900 individual reefs and 900 islands stretching for over 2,600 kilometres (1,600 mi) over an area of approximately 344,400 square kilometres (133,000 sq mi). The reef is located in the Coral Sea, off the coast of Queensland in north-east Australia.
     The Great Barrier Reef can be seen from outer space and is the world's biggest single structure made by living organisms. This reef structure is composed of and built by billions of tiny organisms, known as coral polyps. This reef supports a wide diversity of life, and was selected as a World Heritage Site in 1981. CNN labeled it one of the seven natural wonders of the world. The Queensland National Trust named it a state icon of Queensland.
     A large part of the reef is protected by the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, which helps to limit the impact of human use, such as fishing and tourism. Other environmental pressures on the reef and its ecosystem include runoff, climate change accompanied by mass coral bleaching, and cyclic population outbreaks of the crown-of-thorns starfish.
     The Great Barrier Reef has long been known to and used by the Aboriginal Australian and Torres Strait Islander peoples, and is an important part of local groups' cultures and spirituality. The reef is a very popular destination for tourists, especially in the Whitsunday Islands and Cairns regions. Tourism is an important economic activity for the region, generating 1 billion per year.
     The Great Barrier Reef is a distinct feature of the East Australian Cordillera division. It includes the smaller Murray Islands.It reaches from Torres Strait (between Bramble Cay, its northernmost island, and the south coast of Papua New Guinea) in the north to the unnamed passage between Lady Elliot Island (its southernmost island) and Fraser Island in the south. Lady Elliot Island is located 1,915 km (1,190 mi) southeast of Bramble Cay as the crow flies.
     2 关于澳大利亚景点及其动物的表达方式
     koala 考拉
     The koala is found in coastal regions of eastern and southern Australia, from Adelaide to the southern part of Cape York Peninsula.
     emu 鸸鹋
     The Emu is the largest bird native to Australia and the only extant member of the genus Dromaius. It is also the second-largest extant bird in the world by height, after its ratite relative, the ostrich.
     platypus 鸭嘴兽
     Together with the four species of echidna, it is one of the five extant species of monotremes, the only mammals that lay eggs instead of giving birth to live young.
     Witchetty grub 木蠹蛾幼虫
     The witchetty grub is a term used in Australia for the large, white, wood-eating larvae of several moths.
     Ayers Rock 红色巨岩
     Uluru, also known as Ayers Rock, is a large sandstone rock formation in the southern part of the Northern Territory, central Australia. It lies 335 km (208 mi) south west of the nearest large town, Alice Springs.
     Wave Rock 奇迹波浪岩
     Wave Rock is a natural rock formation located east of the small town of Hyden in Western Australia. It derives its name from the fact that it is shaped like a tall breaking ocean wave.
     Sydney Opera House 悉尼歌剧院
     The Sydney Opera House is a multi-venue performing arts centre in the Australian city of Sydney.

     The kangaroo is a native of Australia.
     The kangaroo, with its long, muscular hind legs, is a marvel of fitness.
     Small Australian wallaby resembles a hare and has persistent teeth.
     Kangaroos eat grass and leaves.
     Macropus robustus is a large kangaroo having reddish or gray fur and living in the hilly regions of Australia.
     The kangaroo's forearms seem undeveloped but the powerful five-fingered hands are skilled at feinting and clouting- Springfield (Mass.) Union.
     Australians cannot seem to make up their minds whether the koala or the kangaroo should represent them.
     However, a recording of a roo thumping its foot appears to have been quite a breakthrough. This is the noise these macropods make when they sense danger before taking flight.
     Australian farmers could protect crops and property from mobs of wild kangaroos by scaring them off with the thumping sound of the animals' own large feet on the ground, a new study said.
     The Great Barrier Reef is a site of remarkable variety and beauty on the north-east coast of Australia.
     It contains the world's largest collection of coral reefs, with 400 types of coral, 1,500 species of fish and 4,000 types of mollusc.
     It also holds great scientific interest as the habitat of species such as the dugong (sea cow) and the large green turtle, which are threatened with extinction.
     The Great Barrier Reef is the world's largest living reef formation stretching 2,000 km north to south along Australia's northeast coast.
     Australia's Great Barrier Reef is the world's largest living creature.
     It's only been latterly that we've discovered that it's lots of individual reefs, around about 2,900 separate reef systems which make up the Great Barrier Reef.
     The Great Barrier Reef is a unique sea environment and also Australia's biggest natural resources.
     At3 48,000 km2, theGreat Barrier Reef is roughly the same size as Japan.
     Be amazed by the reef's intricate coral formations, ornate reefs and more brilliantly coloured fish than you could shake a stick (or flipper) at.
     Coming in at number five, Australia's Great Barrier Reef is the only living creature that can be seen from space, it's just fantastic.
     It was declared a World Heritage area in 1981.

     Tom:Hello, Mary! I'm going to Sydney on vacation with my family next week. I heard that it is your hometown.
     Mary:Yes, it is. Sydney is a very beautiful city that is really worth visiting. What are you planning to do on the trip?
     Tom:The first thing I will do is to visit the Sydney Opera House. I've seen some pictures and I think the architecture is out of this word!
     Mary:That's true. It looks like a boat with huge white sails floating in the harbor. It's a beautiful sight surrounded by the clear blue sky and sea. What a magical place to enjoy a concert!
     Tom:We've planned to watch a performance there. What show do you recommend?
     Mary:There're a variety of shows. I'm not sure about what will be on during your visit.
     Tom:All right. Are there any other interesting places?
     Mary:Why not go to the Australian Reptile Park where you can see many strange looking animals that are native only to Australia. You can also take a train ride to the outside of Sydney to visit animal parks that have koala bears and kangaroos running freely in
     Tom:Oh, I love koalas because they are so cute. I will surly go to those parks. By the way, where can we taste some delicious food?
     Mary:Hmm.·Let me see. I think you should go to the Hawkesbury River. This region has fabulous fresh seafood restaurants. But that's not the best part.
     Tom:I can't imagine what could be better than tasting delicious fresh fish, prawns and crab.

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