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外国人最想和你聊的文化话题:袋鼠与大堡礁

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2018年12月30日

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 Realize Kangaroos and Great Barrier Reef 认识袋鼠与大堡礁

     1 认识袋鼠与大堡礁
     The Great Barrier Reef is the world's largest reef system composed of over 2,900 individual reefs and 900 islands stretching for over 2,600 kilometres (1,600 mi) over an area of approximately 344,400 square kilometres (133,000 sq mi). The reef is located in the Coral Sea, off the coast of Queensland in north-east Australia.
     The Great Barrier Reef can be seen from outer space and is the world's biggest single structure made by living organisms. This reef structure is composed of and built by billions of tiny organisms, known as coral polyps. This reef supports a wide diversity of life, and was selected as a World Heritage Site in 1981. CNN labeled it one of the seven natural wonders of the world. The Queensland National Trust named it a state icon of Queensland.
     A large part of the reef is protected by the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, which helps to limit the impact of human use, such as fishing and tourism. Other environmental pressures on the reef and its ecosystem include runoff, climate change accompanied by mass coral bleaching, and cyclic population outbreaks of the crown-of-thorns starfish.
     The Great Barrier Reef has long been known to and used by the Aboriginal Australian and Torres Strait Islander peoples, and is an important part of local groups' cultures and spirituality. The reef is a very popular destination for tourists, especially in the Whitsunday Islands and Cairns regions. Tourism is an important economic activity for the region, generating 1 billion per year.
     The Great Barrier Reef is a distinct feature of the East Australian Cordillera division. It includes the smaller Murray Islands.It reaches from Torres Strait (between Bramble Cay, its northernmost island, and the south coast of Papua New Guinea) in the north to the unnamed passage between Lady Elliot Island (its southernmost island) and Fraser Island in the south. Lady Elliot Island is located 1,915 km (1,190 mi) southeast of Bramble Cay as the crow flies.
     2 关于澳大利亚景点及其动物的表达方式
     koala 考拉
     The koala is found in coastal regions of eastern and southern Australia, from Adelaide to the southern part of Cape York Peninsula.
     emu 鸸鹋
     The Emu is the largest bird native to Australia and the only extant member of the genus Dromaius. It is also the second-largest extant bird in the world by height, after its ratite relative, the ostrich.
     platypus 鸭嘴兽
     Together with the four species of echidna, it is one of the five extant species of monotremes, the only mammals that lay eggs instead of giving birth to live young.
     Witchetty grub 木蠹蛾幼虫
     The witchetty grub is a term used in Australia for the large, white, wood-eating larvae of several moths.
     Ayers Rock 红色巨岩
     Uluru, also known as Ayers Rock, is a large sandstone rock formation in the southern part of the Northern Territory, central Australia. It lies 335 km (208 mi) south west of the nearest large town, Alice Springs.
     Wave Rock 奇迹波浪岩
     Wave Rock is a natural rock formation located east of the small town of Hyden in Western Australia. It derives its name from the fact that it is shaped like a tall breaking ocean wave.
     Sydney Opera House 悉尼歌剧院
     The Sydney Opera House is a multi-venue performing arts centre in the Australian city of Sydney.
     大堡礁是世界最大最长的珊瑚礁群,位于南半球。它纵贯于澳洲的东北沿海,北从托雷斯海峡,南到南回归线以南,绵延伸展共有2011公里,最宽处达161公里。有2900个大小珊瑚礁岛,自然景观非常特殊。大堡礁的南端离海岸最远有241公里,北端较靠近,最近处离海岸仅16公里。所有澳大利亚袋鼠,动物园和野生动物园里的除外,都在野地里生活。不同种类的袋鼠在澳大利亚各种不同的自然环境中生活,从凉性气候的雨林和沙漠平原到热带地区。





     The kangaroo is a native of Australia.
     袋鼠是产于澳洲的动物。
     The kangaroo, with its long, muscular hind legs, is a marvel of fitness.
     大袋鼠长有很强健的后腿,可谓奇特健壮。
     Small Australian wallaby resembles a hare and has persistent teeth.
     澳大利亚的小沙袋鼠,形似野兔,有持久稳固的牙齿。
     Kangaroos eat grass and leaves.
     袋鼠吃草和叶子。
     Macropus robustus is a large kangaroo having reddish or gray fur and living in the hilly regions of Australia.
     毛袋鼠是一种大型袋鼠,具有红色或灰色的毛皮,生活于澳大利亚山区地带。
     The kangaroo's forearms seem undeveloped but the powerful five-fingered hands are skilled at feinting and clouting- Springfield (Mass.) Union.
     袋鼠的前肢看起来很不发达,但是有力的有五指的手在伪装或轻叩时很有技巧。
     Australians cannot seem to make up their minds whether the koala or the kangaroo should represent them.
     澳洲人似乎无法决定应该选择无尾熊还是袋鼠来代表他们的国家。
     However, a recording of a roo thumping its foot appears to have been quite a breakthrough. This is the noise these macropods make when they sense danger before taking flight.
     然而,记录下袋鼠脚步的重击声显然是一项突破。这种噪音是袋鼠在意识到危险,准备逃跑前所发出的。
     Australian farmers could protect crops and property from mobs of wild kangaroos by scaring them off with the thumping sound of the animals' own large feet on the ground, a new study said.
     澳大利亚科学家日前公布的一项研究结果显示,澳大利亚的农场主今后可以通过播放袋鼠用脚拍击地面的录音来吓跑袋鼠,使庄稼和其他财产免遭这种野生动物的破坏。
     The Great Barrier Reef is a site of remarkable variety and beauty on the north-east coast of Australia.
     大堡礁位于澳大利亚东北岸,这里物种多样、景色迷人。
     It contains the world's largest collection of coral reefs, with 400 types of coral, 1,500 species of fish and 4,000 types of mollusc.
     这里有世界上最大的珊瑚礁群,共有400种珊瑚,1500种鱼类和4000种软体动物生活在这里。
     It also holds great scientific interest as the habitat of species such as the dugong (sea cow) and the large green turtle, which are threatened with extinction.
     大堡礁还是一处得天独厚的进行科学研究的场所,因为这里栖息着多种濒临灭绝的动物,比如懦艮(美人鱼)和巨星绿龟。
     The Great Barrier Reef is the world's largest living reef formation stretching 2,000 km north to south along Australia's northeast coast.
     大堡礁是世界上最大的活珊瑚礁,分布在澳大利亚东北海岸,由北向南绵延2000公里。
     Australia's Great Barrier Reef is the world's largest living creature.
     澳洲大堡礁是世界最大的活实体。
     It's only been latterly that we've discovered that it's lots of individual reefs, around about 2,900 separate reef systems which make up the Great Barrier Reef.
     直到近来我们才发现,它们其实是众多独立的礁石,大约有2900个独立的礁石系,组成了大堡礁。
     The Great Barrier Reef is a unique sea environment and also Australia's biggest natural resources.
     大堡礁是一个独特的海洋环境,也是澳洲最大的天然资源。
     At3 48,000 km2, theGreat Barrier Reef is roughly the same size as Japan.
     幅员34.8万平方公里的"大堡礁"大致相当于日本的大小。
     Be amazed by the reef's intricate coral formations, ornate reefs and more brilliantly coloured fish than you could shake a stick (or flipper) at.
     大堡礁迷宫般的珊瑚造型,华美的礁石以及色彩斑斓的鱼群会令你瞠目,顾不得朝着鱼儿晃动棍棒或潜水服的鸭脚板了。
     Coming in at number five, Australia's Great Barrier Reef is the only living creature that can be seen from space, it's just fantastic.
     排名第五的自然奇观,澳大利亚大堡礁是唯一能够从太空看到的生物,令人着迷。
     It was declared a World Heritage area in 1981.
     大堡礁1981年列入世界自然遗产名录。





     Tom:Hello, Mary! I'm going to Sydney on vacation with my family next week. I heard that it is your hometown.
     汤姆:玛丽,我下周要和家人一起去悉尼度假。我听说你家就在那儿。
     Mary:Yes, it is. Sydney is a very beautiful city that is really worth visiting. What are you planning to do on the trip?
     玛丽:是的。悉尼是一座很漂亮的城市,值得一去。你们这次旅行都打算做些什么?
     Tom:The first thing I will do is to visit the Sydney Opera House. I've seen some pictures and I think the architecture is out of this word!
     汤姆:我要做的第一件事就是去参观悉尼歌剧院。我看过一些图片,实在太美了。
     Mary:That's true. It looks like a boat with huge white sails floating in the harbor. It's a beautiful sight surrounded by the clear blue sky and sea. What a magical place to enjoy a concert!
     玛丽:没错。它看起来就像是一艘船张开了巨大的白帆停泊在港口里。被蔚蓝的天空和湛蓝的海水所包围,景色很漂亮。在那里听音乐会可是一件非常愉快的事情。
     Tom:We've planned to watch a performance there. What show do you recommend?
     汤姆:我们计划要在那里看一场演出。你有什么好的推荐吗?
     Mary:There're a variety of shows. I'm not sure about what will be on during your visit.
     玛丽:悉尼歌剧院有很多演出。我不确定你们去的时候会上演什么。
     Tom:All right. Are there any other interesting places?
     汤姆:好的。还有别的有意思的地方吗?
     Mary:Why not go to the Australian Reptile Park where you can see many strange looking animals that are native only to Australia. You can also take a train ride to the outside of Sydney to visit animal parks that have koala bears and kangaroos running freely in
     玛丽:你们还可以去澳大利亚爬行动物公园看看。在那里你能看到许多奇形怪状的并且只有澳洲才有的动物。你还可以坐火车去悉尼市郊的动物公园。在那里的桉树林里,你会看见考拉和自由奔跑的袋鼠。
     Tom:Oh, I love koalas because they are so cute. I will surly go to those parks. By the way, where can we taste some delicious food?
     汤姆:哦。我特别喜欢考拉,它们实在太可爱了。我肯定会去这些公园的。顺便问一下,你知道我们在哪里能找到好吃的吗?
     Mary:Hmm.·Let me see. I think you should go to the Hawkesbury River. This region has fabulous fresh seafood restaurants. But that's not the best part.
     玛丽:哦。让我想一想。我觉得你们应该去霍克斯堡河。那儿有很不错的餐馆,专卖新鲜海鲜。但还有比这个更好的。
     Tom:I can't imagine what could be better than tasting delicious fresh fish, prawns and crab.
     汤姆:我想象不出还有什么会比品尝新鲜美味的鱼、虾和螃蟹更好的了。
    

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