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 Realize The Louvre and The Eiffel Tower 认识卢浮宫和埃菲尔铁塔

     1 埃菲尔铁塔简介
     The Eiffel Tower, nickname La dame de fer, the iron lady) is a puddle iron lattice tower located on the Champ de Mars in Paris. Built in 1889, it has become both a global icon of France and one of the most recognizable structures in the world. The tower is the tallest building in Paris and the most-visited paid monument in the world; millions of people ascend it every year. Named for its designer, engineer Gustave Eiffel, the tower was built as the entrance arch to the 1889 World's Fair.
     The tower stands 324 metres (1,063 ft) tall, about the same height as an 81-storey building. Upon its completion, it surpassed the Washington Monument to assume the title of tallest man-made structure in the world, a title it held for 41 years, until the Chrysler Building in New York City was built in 1930; however, due to the addition in 1957 of the antenna, the tower is now taller than the Chrysler Building. Not including broadcast antennas, it is the second-tallest structure in France after the 2004 Millau Viaduct.
     The tower has three levels for visitors. Tickets can be purchased to ascend, by stairs or lift, to the first and second levels. The walk to the first level is over 300 steps, as is the walk from the first to the second level. The third and highest level is accessible only by elevator. Both the first and second levels feature restaurants.
     The tower has become the most prominent symbol of both Paris and France, often in the establishing shot of films set in the city.
     In order to maintain a uniform appearance to an observer on the ground, three separate colours of paint are used on the tower, with the darkest on the bottom and the lightest at the top. On occasion the colour of the paint is changed; the tower is currently painted a shade of brownish-grey. On the first floor there are interactive consoles hosting a poll for the colour to use for a future session of painting.
     2 巴黎其他旅游景点的表达方式
     l'Arc de Triomphe 巴黎凯旋门
     The monument was designed by Jean Chalgrin in 1806, and its iconographic program pitted heroically nude French youths against bearded Germanic warriors in chain mail.
     Notre-Dame de Paris 巴黎圣母院
     Notre Dame de Paris is widely considered one of the finest examples of French Gothic architecture in France and in Europe, and the naturalism of its sculptures and stained glass are in contrast with earlier Romanesque architecture.
     Avenue des Champs-Elysees 香榭丽舍大街
     The Avenue des Champs-élysées is a prestigious avenue in Paris, France. With its cinemas, cafés, luxury specialty shops and clipped horse-chestnut trees, the Avenue des Champs-élysées is one of the most famous streets in the world.
     Chateau de Versailles 凡尔赛宫
     When the chateau was built, Versailles was a country village; today, however, it is a suburb of Paris, some twenty kilometres southwest of the French capital.
     Palais Bourbon 波旁宫
     The Palais Bourbon, a palace located on the left bank of the Seine, across from the Place de la Concorde, Paris (which is on the right bank), is the seat of the French National Assembly, the lower legislative chamber of the French government.

     Paris, City of Light, and of art. A playland for lovers and a painter's dream.
     The Louvre:The museum building or, more properly, the complex of buildings themselves is a good place to start.
     As with most Western and a few Asian and South American museums, large palaces or other traditional architecture are used to house museums of art and of natural science. In the case of the Louvre, the main building used today was formerly the fortress of King Philip Augustus in the 12th century.
     Not until 1546 did King Francis I begin to redesign and add onto the fortress.
     After the French Revolution, the Palais du Louvre was opened to the public.
     In the early 19th century, both Napoleon and Napoleon III added to both the structures and the collections.
     A controversial see-through glass pyramid-shaped structure was added by the architect I. M. Pei in the 1980s.
     As a consequence of centuries of continuous construction and the amassing of art treasures, today the Louvre offers a world-class collection of both French and foreign art.
     Three of the West's premier works of art are here:the statues Victory of Samothrace and Venus de Milo accompany Leonardo da Vinci's most famous painting, the Mona Lisa.
     Other major painting collections include works from the middle ages and Renaissance.
     The treasures of the French royalty are on display here, too, such as their bronzes, miniatures, pottery, tapestries, jewelry, and furniture. Greek, Roman, Egyptian, and Mesopotamian antiquities as well as early Christian artifacts are also considered important collections.
     Finally, the site of the museum complex contributes to the mystique of the Louvre.
     Taken altogether, then, the Louvre holds its own as one of the best museums - if not the best - among the dozens of major and internationally famous art museums around the world.
     Its many and varied buildings, the unparalleled collection of prestigious works of art, and the delightful site of the grounds overlooking France's most famous river all contribute to make the Palais du Louvre a must-see attraction for the serious art connoisseur and art museum-goer alike.

     Mary:I've just finished reading a magazine article about museums of the world. Which museum do you think is the best?
     Wendy:The Louvre in Paris, no contest. I've been there many times and always enjoy it.
     Mary:Why do you like the Louvre so much?
     Wendy:Well, it's a combination of things, really. It's one of the largest palaces in the world, a former residence of kings of France and one of the most illustrious.
     Mary:They have a massive selection of art, too. Both ancient and modern.
     Wendy:Exactly. What more can you ask for in a museum? It has Oriental antiquities, Egyptian antiquities, Greek and Roman antiquities, sculpture from the Middle Ages to modern times, furniture and objects of art and paintings representing all the European schools.
     Mary:It's a very old building, too. The first Louvre was a fortress built at the beginning of the 13 century by Philip II to defend the Seine below Paris against the Normans and English.
     Wendy:Yes and then, in 1564 Catherine de Medicis had her architect, Philibert delorme, build a little chateau in a neighboring field to the west called the Tuileries. These were joined together to make a big royal residence.
     Mary:After that, in the 17th century Louis XIII and his minister Richelieu extended Lescot's west wing northward by adding the majestically domed Pavillon del'Horloge, or Clock Pavillion by Jacques Lemercier.
     Wendy:Then, under Louis XIV and his minister Colbert, the Cour Carree, a great square curt, was constructed by Louis Le Vau.
     Mary:So many changes! It must look completely different now to how it looked originally. Later on, Napoleon I began a wing parallel to that of Henry IV along the Seine. Napoleon III finished the wing, thus closing the great quadrilateral.
     Wendy:The quadrilateral shape is what makes it special. I think one of the most innovative additions was the great glass pyramid.
     Mary:I agree. It was built by the Chinese-American architect. I.M. Pei and opened in 1989. Initially, some people thought it was very strange idea.
     Wendy:Well, it has proved to be very effective in accommodating all of the visitors, I think it looks good too.

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