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【医学口语会话】烧伤

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  Nurse A : I come to have a talk with you , to have a discussion on the nursing of burned patient.

  Nurse B: Thank you . And you are choosing a very important topic.

  N A: Yes . Above all , the first aid is very imporant at the emergency period . Smother the fire , if the victim's clothes is on fire , he should lie down and remain stationary and quickly rolled in a rug or blanket doused freely with water . If nothing is available , he should roll on the ground , the flames may be extinguished.

  NB: I know that using cold running water on the burned skin is valuable first aid measure . The cold reduces pain and may decrease the effect of the heat on the tissue .

  NA: Oils , ointment lotions should not be applied and do not remove clothing in order to prevent contamination , then transport the patient to hospital as soon as possible.

  NB: What should we do in case of chemical burns?

  NA: In case of chemical burns , the patient's clothing is removed and the burned area is washed with generous amount of water.

  护士A:今天我来和你们谈谈,讨论一下关于烧伤病人的护理。

  护士B:谢谢。您正好选了一个非常重要的课题。

  护士A:是的。首先在急救中,现场急救是很重要的。把火闷灭,如果受害者的衣服烧着了,他应躺下不动并用浸湿的毯子裹住。如果手边什么也没有,他就应在地上滚动,火焰自会熄灭。

  护士B:我知道使用冷水冲烧伤皮肤是很好的急救措施。冷水可以减轻疼痛并减低热对组织的作用。

  护士A:不要用油膏、油类或任何水剂药物,不必脱掉穿服,这样可以预防接触感染,然后尽快转送病人到医院。

  护士B:如果是化学烧伤可以怎么办?

  护士A:如果是化学烧伤,要脱掉病人的衣服,用大量的水冲洗烧伤部位。


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