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冲刺2014中考英语易错题200例 (3)

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  21. You can not imagine how much I ______ on this dress. Is it beautiful?

  A. paid B. took C. cost D. spent

  [剖析] 答案为D。本题考察四个表“花费”的动词辨析。主语为人,且和介词on搭配的动词是spend。

  22. ---- Do you know _____ university student who is talking with Joe?---- Yes, she,s my cousin, Kate.

  A. a B. an C. the D. /

  [剖析] 答案为C。university虽然以元音字母u开头,但其前若使用不定冠词时,则要用a.不过此题中不能使用不定冠词,而是特指和Joe说话的那个大学生,故要选the。

  23. The number of giant pandas is getting ______ because their living areas are becoming farmlands.

  A. less and less B. larger and larger C. smaller and smaller D. fewer and

  fewer

  [剖析] 答案为C。句意为“大熊猫的数量越来越少因为他们的生存空间正逐渐变成农场”。本题中四个选项都是“比较级+ and + 比较级”的结构,表示“越来越……”。主语为number,只能和large或small搭配。而结合句意可判断答案为C。

  24. Be careful when you come _______ the street,because the traffic is very busy

  at the moment.A. across B. behind C. between D. over

  [剖析] 答案为A。本题考察方位介词的用法。“过马路”一般为表面横穿,因此要用across。

  25. ---- Do you often clean your classroom?---- Yes, our classroom ______ every day.

  A. clean B. cleans C. is cleaned D. Cleaned

  [剖析] 答案为C。句中有every day,主语为our classroom,故要用一般现在时的被动语态。

  26. Lucy usually cleans the cage every two days. (对画线部分提问)_ _______ Lucy usually clean the cage?

  [剖析] 答案为How often does。对every two days提问要用how often。

  27. I didn't understand __________,so I raised my hand to ask...

  A. what my teacher says B. what does my teacher say C. what my teacher said D. what did my teacher say

  [剖析] 答案为C。本题为宾语从句,由于需要用陈述语序可排除B、D;另外,主句时态为一般过去时,则从句也要用对应的过去时态,故还可排除A。

  28. ---- How much ______ the shoes? ---- Five dollars ______ enough.

  A. is;is B. are;is C. are;are D. is;are

  [剖析] 答案为B。shoes作主语时,谓语动词应用复数形式;five dollars是一个整体,应按单数对待。

  29. 误〕 We got to the top of the mountain in daybreak. 〔正〕 We got to the top of the mountain at day break.

  〔析〕 at用于具体时刻之前,如:sunrise, midday, noon, sunset, midnight, night。

  30. 〔误〕 Dont sleep at daytime 〔正〕 Dont sleep in daytime.

  〔析〕 in 要用于较长的一段时间之内,如:in the morning / afternoon, 或 in the week / month / year. 或 in spring / supper /autumn / winter等等。

  31. 〔误〕 He became a writter at his twenties 〔正〕 He became a writter in his twenties

  〔析〕这句话应译为:他在20多岁时就成了作家。在某人的一段生活时间段中要用介词in来表示,而在具体岁数时用at来表示。

  32. 误〕 We went to swim in the river in a very hot day. 〔正〕 We went to swim in the river on a very hot day.

  〔析〕 具体某一天要用介词on, 又如:on New Years Day

  33. 〔误〕 Im looking forward to seeing you on Christmas. 〔正〕 Im looking for ward to seeing you at Christmas.

  〔析〕在节日的当天用on,而全部节日期间用at,Christmas是圣诞节期间,一般要有两周或更长的时间。

  34. 误 I havent see you during the summer holidays. 正 I havent seen you since the beginning of the summer holidays. 〔析〕 during表示在某一段时间之内,所以一般不与完成时搭配,如:I visited a lot of museums during the holiday. 而for表示一段时间,可以用于完成时,如:I havent see you for a long time. 而through 用来表示时间时则为"整整,全部的时间"。如:It rained through the night.而since则是表达主句动作的起始时间,一般要与完成时连用。

  35. 〔误〕 At entering the classroom, I heard the good news. 〔正〕 On entering the classroom, I heard the good news. 〔析〕 On 加动名词表示"一……就"。本句的译文应是:我一进入教室就听见这个好消息了。又如:on hearing… 一听见, on arrival 一到达就……(on表示动作的名词)


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