中考英语 学英语,练听力,上听力课堂! 注册 登录
> 中考英语 > 中考资讯 >  列表

冲刺2014中考英语易错题200例(8)

所属教程:中考资讯

浏览:

微辣

随身学
扫描二维码方便学习和分享
  171. The bus ____C__ on the road for 2 hours so far. A. has stopped B. stopped C. has been

  Are you __A___ the jacket these days? A. wearing B. putting on C. dressing D. on

  He __C______ foe 2 hours. A. got up B. has got up C. has been up

  You mustn't ___B_____ until he comes back. A. be away B. leave C. be left

  172. —These farmers have been to the United States. —Really ? When _____ there ?

  A. will they go B. did they go C. do they go D. have they gone现在完成时与一般过去时容易混淆,就是因为它们所表示的动作都发生在过去,但二者又有区别:一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的事、存在的状态或经常发生的动作,说话的侧重点在于陈述一件过去的事情,与现在没有关系;现在完成时表示与现在有关系的发生在过去的动作,它不与表示过去的时间状语(如yesterday , last week , a moment ago等)连用。故9的正确答案为B.

  173. His father ______ the Party since 1978.A. joined B. has joined C. was in D. has been in 现在完成时中,非延续性动词不能与for和since引导的表示一段时间的状语连用,通常是用相应的延续性动词来代替。故11的正确答案依次为:D.

  174. You must make your new house clean and safe __C_____you move in. A.because B.when C.before D.until

  I was_______tired_______I couldn't walk on.(A)A.so…that B.too…to C.very…that D.very…to

  I thought he___D____to see his mother if he time.

  A.will go…has B.will go …will have C.would go …would have D.would go …had

  175. Today the forests have almost gone. People must ___C____ down too many trees.

  A. stop from cutting B. stop to cut C. be stopped from cutting D. be stopped to cut

  176.It's very nice _________ you to get me two tickets _________ the World Cup.(B)

  A. for, of B. of, for C. to, for D. of, to

  177. My mother was very glad __A____ her old friend.A. to meet B. meet C. met D. meets

  "be +形容词+ to do sth"结构中的不定式作状语,常表示原因或方式。

  178. . The panda is so fat that it can't go through the hole.(改为意思相同的句子)

  The hole ______ ______ ______ ______ such a fat panda to go through.( is, too, small, for)

  "too +形容词/副词(for sb)to do…"(太……而不能……)和"enough (for sb) to do…"(足以、足够……做……)结构中,不定式作结果状语。

  179. The new hospital ___ D ___ is near the factory. A. build B. builds C. to build D. to be built当不定式的逻辑主语是不定式所表示的动作的承受者(宾语)时,用动词不定式的被动式,即:to be +过去分词;如果不定式所表示的动作发生在谓语动词表示的动作之前,不定式用完成式,即:to have +过去分词;如果不定式表示的动作和谓语动词表示的动作同时发生,用不定式的进行式,即:to be +现在分词

  180.________ China isn't rich now, ________we're working hard to make her richer and stronger(B)

  A. Though; but B. Though; /  C. Both; and D. Because; so

  so(因此; 所以)为并列连词,表示结果;because(因为)为从属连词,表示原因,但这对因果连词在句中不可同时并用。but(可是)也为并列连词,表示转折,与之对应的从属连词though/although (虽然)表示让步,它们也不可在句中同时使用。

  181. Be careful! The water is too hot. You'd better ___C___ it right now. A. do not drink B. not to drink C. not drink D. not drinking   【考点】 You'd better 为You had better的缩略式。sb had better (not) do sth为一常用句型,意为“某人最好(不)去做某事”,请大家务必关注其否定结构。

  182. We found ___A____ necessary to protect the environment. A. it B. this C. that D. what

  【考点】 “主语+find+ it +adj. + to do sth”为一常用句型,意为“某人发现做某事……”,其中it为形式宾语(此时不可用this/that/one等代词替换),真实的宾语为后置的不定式短语。

  183..中文:从战争开始时他就一直在那里工作。(误)He has worked there since the war has begun.

  (正)He has worked there since the war began.(since引导的从句表示过去的某时间点,应用一般过去时。)

  184. 中文:他去年离开家我就一直没有见过他。(误)He left home last year and I did not see him since.

  (正)He left home last year and I haven\'t seen him since.(since后面省去的是he left home last year,前面的句子要用完成时。)

  185. 中文:我去看他们的时候他们在吃晚餐。(误)They had supper when I went to see them.

  (正)They were having supper when I went to see them.(他们在吃晚餐是在过去我去看他们的时间某一点上正进行的动作,应用过去进行时。)

  中文:她两个月前去澳洲了,她许多年前到过那里。(误)She went to Australia two months ago. She has been there many years before.(正)She went to Australia two months ago. She had been there many years before.(many years before是从过去的某时之前算起的,表示过去的过去,要和过去完成时连用。)

  186.Neither he nor you is good at English.(×)Neither he nor you are good at English.(√)

  析:either... or...,neither... nor...,not only...,but also...等词组连接句子的两个主语时,谓语动词遵循“就近一致原则”,即由靠近谓语的那个主语决定谓语的人称和数用何种形式。

  187. I can't help _____ the house this afternoon A. sweeping B. sweep C. swept D. with sweep

  B。易错选A,学生误用了短语can’t help v-ing。但此题不是“忍不住”之意,而是“不能帮……”之意。

  188.The lift is used to ____ up and down every day.A. going B. went C. go D. gone

  C.易错选A,学生是根据短语be used to v-ing(习惯于…)做出的选择。但此题的be used to是被动语态,不是“习惯于…”而是“被用来做……”。

  189. My pen ____ better than yours. I may lend it to you.A. is written B. wrote C. writes D. is writing

  C。易错选A,学生认为“物”作主语时,应用被动语态。但此句中并不是pen“被写”,不能用被动形式。

  190.____ my visit to France, I arrived ____Paris the first. A. At, in B. On, at C. During, to D. In, on

  B。易错选A,学生的根据是巴黎是大地方所以应用介词in。但根据此题之意,巴黎是“我”访问法国的第一站而非目的地。在“我”的访问的行程中,巴黎只是旅途中的一个“点”,故宜用at。

  191.— Could you tell them____?— Of course, she lives in Shanghai Road. (昆明市)

  A. where Lily livesB. where Lily livedC. where did Lily liveD. where to live in

  A。易错选B,学生一看到could,就认为应该选过去时lived。但此题是表示委婉语气,故用一般现在时

  192. He hasn't heard from his friend ____ last month.

  A. since B. by the end of C. for D. until

  A。易错选B或D。not…until,和last month应与过去的某种时态,而不是现在的某种时态连用。

  193. I didn't buy the dictionary yesterday ____ my aunt would give me one. (河南)

  A. until B. because C. if D. before

  B。易错选A,学生只是根据固定搭配not…until来选择,而没有去理解该句的意思。句意为因为姑姑要给我买一本,所以我不买了,是因果关系,不是时间关系。

  194____ is your father?—The tall man with a pair of glasses under the tree. . A. Who B. Where C. What D. Which【解析】此题陷阱选项为A或B或C。如果不看语境把四个选项代入句中意思都很通顺。答语意为“树底下那个戴着眼镜的高个子男人”。由此可知问句的意思应该为“哪一个是你父亲”。因此正确答案为D。

  195—What would you like to drink?—It doesn’t matter. _______ will do. A. Nothing B. Everything C. Something D. Anything【解析】如果不看语境把四个选项代入句中意思都很通。其实,这里的语境为“你想喝点什么?”“没关系,任何东西都行”。正确答案为D。

  196. —What is your favourite _______?—Summer. I can go swimming at that time.

  A. festival B. season C. month D. weather【解析】如果不看语境,四个选项代入句中意思都很通顺。由答语可知问句所问的是最喜爱哪个季节,因此正确答案为B。

  197. It’s _______ hot _______ cold all the year round in Kunming. It’s called “Spring City. ”

  A. either, or B. neither, nor C. both, and D. neither, or

  【解析】此题陷阱选项为A或C。这是由于忽略语境造成的。如果不看下文中的It’s called “Spring City. ”那么从语法角度来看A、B、C三项都没有错。但在这里只有B项才符合语境要表达的意思。正确答案为B。

  198.Don’t throw waste paper on the ground. Please _______.

  A. pick them up B. pick up them C. pick it up D. pick up it

  【解析】此题陷阱选项为A。这是由于忽略语境造成的,如果不注意上文中的waste paper,就很可能误选为A。由于waste paper是不可数名词,应该用it来代替,故正确答案为C。

  199. 1. Mr Li said, “Don’t make such a mistake again, Tim.” (改为间接引语)

  Mr Li told Jim ______ ______ ______ such a mistake again.

  not to make。直接引语为否定祈使句时,若改为间接引语,用ask / tell sb not to do sth句型,注意其中的Don’t改成了not to。

  200.Why didn’t she pass the exam? I want to know... (改为含宾语从句的复合句)

  I want to know ______ ______ ______ pass the exam

  why, she didn’t。注意宾语从句的词序与陈述句的词序相同,所以要说she didn’t。

  201.Jack’s father asked him, “Have you packed your things?” (改为间接引语)

  Jack’s father asked him ______ he ______ packed his things.

  if, had。将一般疑问句的直接引语改为间接引语,就是将其改为一个以if(是否)引导的宾语从句。宾语从句要用陈述句语序,主句中的谓语动词是过去式时,宾语从句的谓语动词也用过去式。

  202.Hurry up, or you’ll miss the early bus. (改为含条件状语从句的复合句)

  ______ ______ hurry, ______ ______miss the early train.

  If you, you will。“祈使句+and / or+陈述句”句型中的祈使句就相当于一个if引导的条件状语从句。注意:改写时因为前面用了连词if,后面的连词and / or要去掉。

  203.This text is very difficult. I can’t understand it. (合并为同义句)

  This text is ______ difficult for me ______ understand.

  too, to。因为too…to…意为“太……而不能……”正好与前面的意思相吻合。另外,改写后的句子也可说成The text is so difficult that I can’t understand it.

  204.I know a little bit about Italy as my wife and I ____ there several years ago.

  A. are going B. had beenC. wentD. have been

  题干中前半句“know”,一般现在时;后半句出现“several years ago”,明显的表示过去的时间,所以选择一般过去时“went”,答案C.本题很多同学都顺着中文“去过”而误选了“D. have been”,是没有掌握好语句中出现了具体过去时间这一关键。

  205. The young girl sitting next to me on the plane was very nervous. She ____ before.

  A. hasn‘t flown B. didn‘t flyC. hadn‘t flown D. wasn‘t flying

  题干中前半句“was”,一般过去时;后半句最后出现“before”说明是在过去(was)之过去,前半句的“was”给出了选择过去完成时的时间背景,因此选择C.

  206. By the time you get back, great changes ______ in this area.A.will take place B.will be taken place

  C.are going to take place D.will have taken place

  题干“By the time you get back”,是“到你(将来)回来时”,这里因为是时间状语从句,将来时用一般时代替,因此后半句的时间应当使“将已经”,故选择D.

  207.When their first child was born, they ______ for three years. A. had married B. had been married C. had got married D. got married [解析★]选B。这道题考察过去完成时。看到for three years, 第一,马上想到使用完成时,排除D。第二,动作必须是可延续性的,所以排除A、C两项。答案C。208.I was really anxious about you. You _____ home without a word. A. mustn’t leave B. shouldn’t have left C. couldn’t have left D. needn’t leave [解析★★]选B。 这道题情态动词+have done 表示“对过去发生的事件的推测”。shouldn’t have done 表示“本不该做某事,但是却做了。”所以选B最合适。C. couldn’t have done 表示“过去不可能发生的事”。

  209. When all the work ______, you may go back home. A. finishes B. has finished C. is finished D. will be finished[解析]选C。考察两个语法点:第一考察主将从现,主句使用may + 动词原形,相当于一般讲来时,从句应该使用一般现在时,所以A、C两项入围。第二考察被动语态。Work 和finish 的关系是动宾关系,因work(工作)自己本身不能发出finish这个动作。所以用被动语态。答案是C

  210.Lucy and I are classmates. We _______ in Class One. A. all are B. are all C. both are D. are both【解析】此题容易误选A或C。这里受到汉语思维的影响引起的,译成汉语正好是“我们都在一班”。表示两者都要用both,both一般放在be动词、情态动词或助动词之后,行为动词之前。正确答案为D。

  211.If there are ______ trees,the air in our city will be _______cleaner.(more/fewer/much)

  横线后trees是可数名词的复数形式,只能在修饰名词的复数的fewer和more中选择,根据句意选择“更多more”;而后面cleaner往往学生会以为是个不可数名词而选择much,其实后面是clean个形容词,而且其后er表示它是形容词的比较级,只有much才能修饰形容词的比较级。

  212.What does the word “alone” mean?=What’s the ___________ __________ the world “alone”?

  上句中mean作动词,下句中meaning作名词,固定搭配:“the meaning of……的意思”,学生容易想到meaning,而忽视了后面的介词的搭配,容易写成:off/for

  Study hard and your dream __________.学生看到了”and”会以为是前后动词时态对照,会写come true/comes true,选will come true,是因为它是以下句子的缩略:If you study hard, your dream will come true

  When Martin visited Beijing for the first time,he __________ the city.大多数学生容易写成:was falling in love with/falling in love with分析:句中有when还有暗示 visited,学生很容易联想到第三单元的从句,而选择上面的答案。 fell in love with“爱上”,是暂时性动词,应该选用一般过去时。


内容来自 听力课堂网:http://www.tingclass.net/show-8324-292891-1.html
用手机学英语,请加听力课堂微信公众号:tingclass123
用户搜索

疯狂英语 英语语法 新概念英语 走遍美国 四级听力 英语音标 英语入门 发音 美语 四级 新东方 七年级 赖世雄 zero是什么意思

订阅每日学英语:

  • 频道推荐
  • |
  • 全站推荐
  • 广播听力
  • |
  • 推荐下载
  • 网站推荐
0.078125