中考英语 学英语,练听力,上听力课堂! 注册 登录
> 中考英语 > 中考资讯 >  列表

2014中考英语最后冲刺题型专练:动词语态

所属教程:中考资讯

浏览:

微辣

随身学
扫描二维码方便学习和分享

 

  考点一:在语境中将语态与时态相结合

  【经典习题】

  ( ) 1. The hero’s story ___________differently in the newspapers.

  A. report B. reported C. was reported D. was reporting

  ( ) 2. Hundreds of jobs ___________ if the factory closes.

  A. lose B. are lost C. will lose D. will be lost

  ( ) 3. — I won’t go to the party unless Sue ___________too.

  — You mean if Sue goes, you’ll go?

  A. invites B. is invited C. will invite D. will be invited

  ( ) 4. — The window is dirty.

  — I know. It ___________for weeks.

  A. didn’t clean B. hasn’t cleaned C. wasn’t cleaned D. hasn’t been cleaned

  【考点点拨】

  ★被动语态由“be + 及物动词的-ed形式”构成,其中be 要体现人称、数和时态的变化。

  考点二:使用语态时的几个注意点

  【经典习题】

  ( ) 1. Books of this kind ___________well.

  A. sell B. sells C. is sold D. are sold

  ( ) 2. Great changes ___________in our hometown in recent years.

  A. take place B. had taken place C. have taken place D. will take place

  ( ) 3. To make our city cleaner and more beautiful, rubbish ___________about in public places.

  A. can’t throw B. may not throw C. needn’t be thrown D. mustn’t be thrown

  ( ) 4. Your pronunciation must ___________    .

  A. be paid attention B. be paid attention to

  C. pay attention to D. is paid attention to

  ( ) 5. If you watch the funny film, you ___________laugh.

  A. will make B. are made to C. will be made D. will be made to

  【考点点拨】

  ★不及物动词(短语)没有被动语态,如happen, last, rise, fall, appear, come out, take place等。

  ★feel, look, smell, sound, taste等连系动词后接形容词时,其主动形式表示被动意义;drive, draw, lock, open, read, sell, write, wash, wear等行为动词的主动形式可表示被动意义。

  ★带情态动词的被动语态的基本结构为:can / should / may / must 等情态动词 + be + 及物动词的-ed形式。

  ★将短语动词作为整体看待,变为被动语态时要保持其完整性,如talk about, hand in, use up, pay attention to, take care of, make use of, make fun of等短语动词在变为被动语态时,其中的介词或副词不可漏掉。

  ★主动语态中作宾语补足语的不带to的动词不定式(短语)在变为被动语态时,需要补出动词不定式符号 to。

  【即时操练】

  一、 选择可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

  ( ) 1. Many children in other countries   ___________to have their own bank cards now.

  A. allow B. allowed C. are allowed D. were allowed

  ( ) 2. With the help of the Internet, different kinds of information ___________in a short time.

  A. can learn B. has learned C. is being learned D. can be learned

  ( ) 3. — Have you finished your project?

  — Not yet. I’ll finish it if I ___________ten more minutes.

  A. give B. am given C. will give D. will be given

  ( ) 4. Twelve students in that school ___________abroad to study medicine last year.

  A. sent B. had sent C. were sent D. has been sent

  ( ) 5. In many places of China, the old people ___________not only by their family but also by the local governments.

  A. are taking good care B. are taken good care

  C. are taking good care of D. are taken good care of


内容来自 听力课堂网:http://www.tingclass.net/show-8324-292892-1.html
用手机学英语,请加听力课堂微信公众号:tingclass123
用户搜索

疯狂英语 英语语法 新概念英语 走遍美国 四级听力 英语音标 英语入门 发音 美语 四级 新东方 七年级 赖世雄 zero是什么意思

订阅每日学英语:

  • 频道推荐
  • |
  • 全站推荐
  • 广播听力
  • |
  • 推荐下载
  • 网站推荐
0.078125