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appear的用法

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1. 是不及物动词,因此不能有宾语,也不能用于被动语态。如:

正:Soon the stars appeared in the sky. 不久天空中出现了 星星。

误:Soon the stars were appeared in the sky.

误:Soon the sky appeared the stars.

2. 关于 appear, seem, look (似乎,好像)。如:

(1) 三者均为连系动词,均可后接形容词、名词、不定式作表语。如:

他似乎是一个诚实的人。

正:He looks [seems, appears] honest.

正:He looks [seems, appears] an honest man.

正:He looks [seems, appears] to be honest.

正:He looks [seems, appears] to be an honest man.

(2) look, seem 之后可以接介词 like, 但 appear 之后不能。如:

Helooks [seems] like a fool. 他看起来像个大傻瓜。

(3) 三者均可后接不定式,但 look 之后一般只限于 to be。如:

正:He seems [appears, looks] to be tired. 他好像很累了。

正:He seems [appears] to laugh at us. 他好像在笑我们。

误:He looked to laugh at us.

(4) 三者均可用于 it 开头的句子,但look 之后通常接 as if (asthough)引导的从句,appear之后通常接that引导的从句,seem 之后则可接that和as if (as though)引导的从句。如:

It looks [seems] as ifyou’re right. 好像你是对的。

It seems [appears] that he isill. 他似乎病了。

(5) 在there be开头的句子里,可用seem, appear, 一般不用 look。如:

There seems [appears] to be something the matter with her. 她好像出了什么事似的。


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