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托福阅读资料之21 ways to 'kick the habit'

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Healing

2015年01月01日

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  EACH and every one of us is responsible for the greenhouse gases we emit in our daily actions and choices. Therefore, combating climate change is going to take the combined efforts of everyone on the planet.

  我们中的每个人都应该对自己日常生活活动和选择所产生的温室气体负责。因此,防止气候变化需要地球上的每个人共同来努力。

  The average household carbon footprint in China is 2.41 tons of carbon dioxide annually. That`s enough to fill half an Olympic swimming pool.

  在中国,平均每户每年的碳排放量是2.41吨二氧化碳。足够填充半个奥运游泳池了。

  Surprised? Well, here`s how you can work to reduce it:

  看到这个数字觉得吃惊么?下面,我们来看看怎样减少碳排放量。

  1.Get started by calculating your own carbon footprint. This will give you a starting point from which to begin monitoring your progress. You enter details such as what sort of apartment you live in, your personal energy use and travel habits.

  开始计算你自己的碳排放量。这个数据是你的起点,从这里开始你可以监控自己的进展。接下来,你可以记录一些细节,例如:你所居住的公寓的情况,你的个人能源消费及旅游习惯。

  2. Each week, choose one day when you don`t eat meat. Meat uses up lots of energy because it takes a long time to produce. Animals produce methane, which is another dangerous greenhouse gas, when they burp and fart.

  每周有一天吃素。由于烹饪肉类耗时较长,所以耗能更多。此外,动物打嗝、放屁时会产生另一种危险的温室气体--甲烷。

  3. Only buy the amount of food you need and if there are leftovers, get creative. For instance, make them into a soup. Ask to take food home from restaurants if there`s some left, but remember to take your own container to avoid using a disposable carton.

  只买适量的食物,如有剩饭要富有创新精神。例如:将剩菜做成汤。在餐厅吃饭,如有剩饭一定要打包。但是,切记要适用自己的饭盒,避免用一次性饭盒。

  4. Find out what the recycling options are in your area. Then make sure you keep items such as paper and plastic bottles separate so that they can be recycled. There are places where you can recycle electronic appliances and batteries. Make sure you find them.

  了解身边的回收利用设施。然后,确保把纸张、塑料瓶等物品分开以方便回收。也有回收电器、电池的地方,确保你能找到它们。

  5. Conserve energy by using efficient light bulbs. They use about one-third of the energy of normal bulbs and last 10 times as long.

  使用节能灯泡节省能源。它们的耗电量仅是普通灯泡的三分之一,持续时间却是后者的10倍。

  6. Only turn the water heater on when necessary, and adjust temperature controls to avoid overheating. Put a lid on a pan when boiling water.

  热水器不用就别开,温度控制不要过热。烧水时在锅上盖好盖子。

  7. After use, waste water has to be treated, and some methane from sewage escapes into the atmosphere. Take showers rather than baths and reduce your shower time by two minutes. This will save water and give you an extra two minutes in bed.

  使用后的废水将被处理,此时污水中的部分甲烷会释放到大气中。建议采用喷头淋浴而非浴缸。缩短两分钟洗澡时间,省水同时为自己多争取两分钟睡眠时间。

  8. When using the washing machine, be sure there`s a full load and turn the temperature down if it`s not really grubby.

  使用洗衣机时,确认满载,如果衣服不是很脏就把温度调低。

  9. The greediest home device along with the washing machine is the fridge. Make sure it`s as efficient as possible by keeping it out of direct sunlight and away from the oven or heater. Don`t put food in when it`s still warm.

  和洗衣机一样位列“最贪婪”家电的就是电冰箱了。电冰箱要避免太阳直射,远离微波炉或火炉,尽量保证它的工作效率。另外,切记不要把热的食物放进冰箱。

  10. This is obvious, but essential: switch off all appliances when you`re not using them. This includes lights.

  这一点很明显也很重要:不使用时,关掉所有电器,包括灯。

  11. There`s no point having the heat up high while the wind`s blowing in under the door or sneaking in through the window. Reseal all window frames to keep the heat in.

  门底或窗户缝进风时,没必要提高室内温度。再密封一下窗户缝就可以留住热气了。


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