托福英语 学英语,练听力,上听力课堂! 注册 登录
> 托福 > 托福阅读 >  列表

每日托福阅读:食用适量的肉类比素食更环保 (双语、单词解析及例句)

所属教程:托福阅读

浏览:

jiangbeibei

2015年09月01日

随身学
扫描二维码方便学习和分享
In a new book, British farmer and former editor Simon Fairlie says eating meat in moderation may be good for the environment。

Countless studies claim that eating meat harms the planet and contributes to global warming. The U.N.'s 2006 Food and Agriculture Organization report states that meat produces 18% of the world's carbon emissions —more than the global transport infrastructure. But in his new book, Meat: A Benign Extravagance, Simon Fairlie, a British farmer and former editor of the Ecologist magazine, tears apart the theory that being carnivorous is bad for the planet —and says that eating moderate amounts of meat could be greener than going vegan.

Simon Fairlie 是英国的一个农场主,曾是《生态学家》杂志的编辑,在一本新书中他介绍道食用适量的肉类有益于环境。

无数的研究都表明吃肉危害地球,推动了全球变暖。联合国粮农组织2006年的报告称肉类生产时的碳排放量达到了世界总量的18%,这比全球基础交通运输的碳排量还要高。但是在这本书中,肉类被称为良性奢侈品,Simon Fairlie反对食肉有害于地球这种观点,并且认为食用适量的肉类比素食更环保。

Why is livestock beneficial to the environment rather than being bad for the planet. ?

Every agricultural system produces a surplus of waste and hard-to-use biomass that is best kept in the food chain by feeding it to livestock. Meat or dairy produced this way has little extra environmental impact. Animals kept on small farms also produce benefits, such as fending off predators and pests and fertilizing soil.

为何牲畜对地球有利而不是有害?

每一次的农耕都会有剩余的废物遗留下来,这些东西也很难加以利用,却可以用来饲养牲畜,形成最好的食物链。以这种方式生产出来的肉类和奶制品对环境几乎没有额外的影响。小农场饲养的动物也可以产生效益,比如说可以抵御其他的捕食动物和害虫以及提高土壤肥力。

What are the most sustainable types of meat to eat?

Pigs fed off food waste, whey and other forms of garden and agricultural waste. Dairy cows that are eating grass and clover as part of mixed-arable rotation. They have very little toll on the environment and are, on balance, benign. The way forward is to switch to organic farming. We would have to cut meat consumption by half, but our dairy intake would remain about the same.

比较实惠的能吃的肉类是?

猪是以食品废物,乳清和其他的农业废品为主食的。奶牛主要是吃草和混合农耕中的车轴草。这对环境几乎没有任何的损失,总体来讲是有利的。以后将会转向至有机农耕,我们肉类的消费量将会减少一半,而奶制品的摄入将维持在现在的数量。

单词讲解:

In moderation: 适度地,有节制的

例句And maybe you listen and drink in moderation or not at all.
跟读也许你听从建议适量喝酒或者一点都不喝。

Contribute to: help to cause sth 促成某事物

例句:Both systems contribute to the decentralization of power.
跟读这两套体制都有助于权力的分散。

Food and Agriculture Organization 联合国粮农组织

Moderate(量﹑强度﹑质等)中等的, 适度的

例句:Moderate exercise subserves digestion. 跟读适度锻炼有助于消化。

beneficial: (to sth/sb) having a helpful or useful effect; advantageous 有益的; 有用的; 有好处的

例句:In other words, it is beneficial for us to not kill one another, so we see that asbeing immoral.
换句话说,这个观点有利于我们不去伤害其他人,所以我们认为它是不道德的。

 


内容来自 听力课堂网:http://www.tingclass.net/show-8350-335358-1.html
用手机学英语,请加听力课堂微信公众号:tingclass123
用户搜索

疯狂英语 英语语法 新概念英语 走遍美国 四级听力 英语音标 英语入门 发音 美语 四级 新东方 七年级 赖世雄 zero是什么意思

  • 微信公众号:每日托福
  • [微信扫码,即可关注]
  • 关注有惊喜,经典托福资料免费送! 每天的精彩内容,不容错过。
  • 频道推荐
  • |
  • 全站推荐
  • 广播听力
  • |
  • 推荐下载
  • 网站推荐
0.078125