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"搭配记忆"法巧解2016考研英语高频考点(五)

所属教程:考研英语真题

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Echo

2015年06月11日

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  【相关真题】

  ①Families have also experienced changes these years. ②More families consist of one-parent households or two working parents; consequently, children are likely to have less supervision at home than was common in the traditional family structure. ③This lack of parental supervision is thought to be an influence on juvenile crime rates. ④Other identifiable causes of offensive acts include frustration or failure in school, the increased availability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing incidence of child abuse and child neglect. ⑤All these conditions tend to increase the probability of a child committing a criminal act, although a direct causal relationship has not yet been established.

  【高频考点】

  1.发生变化:experience changes

  2.由单亲家庭构成:consist of one-parent households

  3.XKF会对青少年犯罪率产生影响:XKF is thought to be an influence on juvenile crime rates.

  4.增加可能性:increase the probability

  5.直接的因果关系还没有建立起来:a direct causal relationship has not yet been established

  6.可确定的原因:identifiable causes

  7.犯罪的行为:offensive acts

  8.某事发生越来越多:the growing incidence of something

  【翻译练习】

  ①Families have also experienced changes these years.

  ②More families consist of one-parent households or two working parents; consequently, children are likely to have less supervision at home than was common in the traditional family structure.

  结构提示:than was common in the traditional family structure体现比较的逻辑关系,比较的双方是现在的孩子与传统家庭的孩子。

  ③This lack of parental supervision is thought to be an influence on juvenile crime rates.

  ④Other identifiable causes of offensive acts include frustration or failure in school, the increased availability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing incidence of child abuse and child neglect.

  结构提示:frustration or failure in school, the increased availability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing incidence of child abuse and child neglect里并列的名词短语共同组成句子的宾语。

  ⑤All these conditions tend to increase the probability of a child committing a criminal act, although a direct causal relationship has not yet been established.

  【参考译文】

  ①这些年,家庭也发生了一些变化。

  ②单亲家庭或者父母都要上班的家庭越来越多,这样一来,家庭对孩子的管教比传统家庭可能会少一些。

  ③缺乏父母监督被认为对青少年犯罪率有一定的影响。

  ④其他可以找到的犯罪行为的原因包括在学校的挫折和失败、毒品和酒越来越容易获得、虐待孩子和忽视孩子的事件越来越多。

  ⑤所有这些条件往往会增加青少年犯罪的可能性,尽管它们之间直接的因果关系还没有确定。


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