The study by the Stress Research Institute of Stockholm University followed2,755 employed men who had not suffered any heart attacks from 1992 to 2003.
At the end of the study, 47 participants had either suffered an attack, ordied from heart disease, and many of those had been found to be "covertly coping" with unfair treatment at work。
"After adjustment for age, socioeconomic factors, risk behaviors, job strainand biological risk factors at baseline, there was a close-responserelationship between covert coping and the risk of incident myocardial infarction or cardiac death," the study's authors wrote。
Covert coping was listed as "letting thing pass without saying anything" and "going away" despite feelings of being hard done by colleagues or bosses。
Menwho often used these coping techniques had a two to fivefold higherrisk of developing heart disease than those who were moreconfrontational at work, the study showed。
The researchers said they could not answer the question of what might be aparticularly healthy coping strategy at work, but listed open copingbehavior when experiencing unfair treatment or facing a conflict as"protesting directly," "talking to the person right away," "yelling atthe person right away" or "speaking to the person later when thingshave calmed down."
The study was published in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health。