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心情不好,效率更高!!!

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2018年07月26日

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Unhappy vibes could help power your productivity - new research has shown that for some people, being in a bad mood can help focus attention, manage time, and prioritise tasks better.

不愉快的情绪可以提高你的生产力——新的研究表明,对于一些人来说,心情不好可以帮助他们集中注意力,管理自我时间,并更好地确定出任务的优先级。

It appears to depend on what kind of person you are though. Some people have high-reactive temperaments, and their emotional responses are intense and last a long time. Others are low-reactive, which means that even if they get angry, it doesn't last long.

它似乎取决于你是什么样的人。有些人具有高反应性的气质,他们的情绪反应很激烈,持续很长时间。其他人反应性低,这意味着他们即使感到愤怒,也不会持续太久。
心情不好,效率更高!!!

In this study, low-reactive individuals weren't helped by being in a bad mood. In fact, their productivity and efficiency dropped.

在这项研究中,低反应性的个体并没有因糟糕心情而受益。事实上,他们的生产力和工作效率都下降了。

The researchers from the University of Waterloo in Canada say their findings offer more insight into how emotional mood affects executive functioning, that important group of skills including memory recall, quick thinking, attention to detail and more.

来自加拿大滑铁卢大学的研究人员表示,他们的研究结果更深入地刻画了情绪将如何影响身体的执行功能,受其影响的重要能力的包括记忆与回忆,思维敏锐度,细节观察力等等。

"Our results show that there are some people for whom a bad mood may actually hone the kind of thinking skills that are important for everyday life," says one of the team, psychologist Tara McAuley.

“我们表明,有些人的糟糕情绪,可能会激励刺激那些对日常生活很重要的思维能力。”心理学家Tara McAuley说道。

The study used data from 95 participants asked to complete nine distinct tasks and answer questions on their mood and personality type. For high-reactive individuals, a worse mood was associated with better performance.

他们设计实验,招募了95名参与者。科学家要求他们完成九项不同的任务,并回答有关他们的情绪和性格类型的问题。对于高反应性的个体,糟糕情绪对应较好的表现。

Being in a more positive mood didn't seem to have any impact on the cognitive performance of either high-reactive or low-reactive individuals.

高炽的情绪似乎对所有个体的认知表现都没有任何影响。

Exactly why this happened is outside the scope of the study, but the researchers think high-reactive people are more accustomed to feeling negative emotions, and might be better able to deal with bad moods.

至于说现象背后的根本原因,已经超出了本次研究的范围,但研究人员猜测说,高反应性的人更习惯于感受到负面情绪,因此更能够应对不良情绪。

Be wary of getting yourself In A Mood on the way to work though.

要小心,不要在上班途中让自己陷入到不良情绪中。

"People shouldn't interpret the results as saying it's fine to fly off the handle or overreact, or to be grouchy," says McAuley.

McAuley指出,为了提高工作效率而故意让自己感到不快,并不是一种可取的做法。

"We know that emotional reactivity differs from person to person starting at a very early age and that these individual differences have implications for mental health later in development."

“我们知道,从很小的时候开始,人与人之间的情绪反应就各不相同,而且这些个体差异会对后期的心理健康产生影响。”

With a relatively small number of students as the sample in this study, plenty more research is going to be needed to better understand what's going on here – more people, across more ages.

由于实验使用的样本量比较小,因此未来还需要更多的研究——更多参与者,更宽泛的年龄层次。

There is previous research looking at the good that can come out of a bad mood though: as long as those feelings are temporary, psychologists think they can help us better deal with everyday challenges and hard situations.

以往的研究认为,糟糕心态对我们有长期的好处:只要感觉是暂时的,心理学家认为它们可以提升我们面对压力时的表现,更好地应对日常挑战和困难情况。

And now, for some of us at least, it appears a bad mood really can lead to a good day - as far as getting through tasks is concerned.

现在,至少对我们中的一些人来说,糟糕的心情真的可以带来美好的一天——就尽快完成工作进度而言。

"We believe that this line of research is well poised to broaden our understanding of how individual differences in mood shape the effective application of executive skills, thereby shedding insight into an important yet relatively understudied area of human function," conclude the researchers.

研究人员总结说:“我们相信,这一系列研究将扩充我们对情绪中个体差异如何影响执行能力的认识,从而深入了解一个重要但相对还未充分研究过的人类功能领域。”

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