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德国捧得“大力神杯”

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  2014巴西世界杯于当地时间周日晚间落幕,德国队凭借加时赛下半场的一粒进球战胜阿根廷队,捧得大力神杯,这也是德国队第四次获得世界杯冠军。我们今天就简要了解一下大力神杯的历史吧。
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Bastian Schweinsteiger of Germany celebrates with the World Cup trophy
after defeating Argentina 1-0 in extra time during the
2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil Final match between Germany and Argentina
at Maracana on July 13, 2014 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. (Agencies)

  The World Cup is a gold trophy that is awarded to the winners of the FIFA World Cup association football tournament. Since the advent of the World Cup in 1930, two trophies have been used: the Jules Rimet Trophy from 1930 to 1970, and the FIFA World Cup Trophy from 1974 to the present-day.

  世界杯奖杯时颁发给国际足联世界杯足球比赛冠军的金制奖杯。自1930年世界杯问世以来,一共用过两个奖杯:1930年到1970年的雷米特杯和1974年至今的国际足联世界杯奖杯(即大力神杯)。

  The first trophy, originally named Victory, but later renamed in honor of former FIFA president Jules Rimet, was made of gold plated sterling silver and lapis lazuli and depicted Nike, the Greek goddess of victory. The Brazilian team won the tournament for the third time in 1970, allowing them to keep the real trophy in perpetuity, as had been stipulated by Jules Rimet in 1930. The Jules Rimet Trophy was stolen from Brazilian Football Confederation headquarters in 1983 and never recovered.

  第一个奖杯原名叫胜利奖杯,后来为了纪念国际足联前主席朱尔斯•雷米特而改名为雷米特杯。该奖杯为标准纯银和青金石镀金铸成,造型为希腊神话中的胜利女神——尼克。巴西在1970年第三次捧得奖杯,按照雷米特在1930年制定的规则,巴西可以永久拥有这个奖杯。1983年,该奖杯在巴西足联总部被盗,至今下落不明。

  The subsequent trophy, called the "FIFA World Cup Trophy", was introduced in 1974. Made of 18 karat gold with a malachite base, it stands 36.8 centimeters high and weighs 6.1 kilograms. The trophy was designed by Italian artist Silvio Gazzaniga. It depicts two human figures holding up the Earth. Gazzaniga described the trophy thus, "The lines spring out from the base, rising in spirals, stretching out to receive the world. From the remarkable dynamic tensions of the compact body of the sculpture rise the figures of two athletes at the stirring moment of victory." The current holder of the trophy is Germany, winner of the 2014 World Cup.

  第二个奖杯“国际足联世界杯奖杯”于1974 年推出,奖杯底座为孔雀石,杯身由18K黄金铸成,高36.8厘米,重6.1公斤。该奖杯由意大利艺术家西尔维奥•加扎尼加设计,其造型为两个人双手托起地球。加扎尼加描述的设计创意是:“线条从底部产生,螺线升起,伸展开来接住地球。在胜利情绪沸腾的时刻,两个运动员的形象从整个杯身雕刻的动态拉伸线条中升起。”新近的大力神杯获得者是德国,2014年世界杯冠军。


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