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什么是中东呼吸综合征?

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2015年06月15日

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什么是中东呼吸综合征?

What is MERS?

什么是中东呼吸综合征?

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) is an infection of the lungs caused by a virus known as a coronavirus and is written as MERS-CoV.

中东呼吸综合征(MERS)是由一种冠状病毒引起的肺部感染疾病,也叫做MERS-Cov。

Coronaviruses can cause illness similar to the common cold in the winter and spring months. This coronavirus is different than these viruses and has never been seen in humans before.

冠状病毒能在秋冬季引起类似感冒的疾病,但这种冠状病毒与感冒病毒不同,此前未曾在人类身上发现过。

Is MERS the same as the SARS virus?

中东呼吸综合征与非典病毒一样吗?

No. SARS and MERS are both called coronaviruses, however, the two viruses are not the same.

不一样。这两种病毒都叫冠状病毒,但它们并不相同。

Who gets MERS?

哪些人会得中东呼吸综合征?

Most people who became ill with MERS had traveled to, lived in, or were in close contact with someone who had traveled to the Arabian Peninsula. It is unclear why some individuals become ill and why others do not. People with chronic health conditions or weak immune systems may be at greater risk.

大多数患中东呼吸综合征的人都曾经到过或居住在阿拉伯半岛地区,又或者与到访过该地区的人有过密切接触。目前尚不清楚为何有些人会得该病,而有些人不会得。有慢性疾病或者免疫系统较弱的人群患病的风险较大。

Does MERS spread from person to person?

中东呼吸综合征是否人际传播?

The virus that causes MERS has been shown to spread between two people who are in close contact.

已有证据证明该病毒会在有密切接触的两人之间传播。

The virus has also spread from infected people to health care workers.

也曾有过从病人传播给医护人员的案例。

What are the symptoms of MERS?

中东呼吸综合征有哪些症状?

Most people who got infected with MERS-CoV became severely ill with a respiratory illness with symptoms such as: fever, cough, shortness of breath.

大多数患者会表现出严重的呼吸系统疾病症状,包括:发烧、咳嗽以及呼吸急促。


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