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《牛津英语词典》季度更新热词精选

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ヾJoseph

2015年07月24日

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  在《牛津英语词典》最近的季度更新中,有五百多个单词和词组被添入,其中包括了“抢镜”(Photobombing)、“众筹”(crowdfunding)、“推特红人”(twitterati)等热词,它们大多与科技和流行文化有关,反映了英语的与时俱进。

  1.meh /咩/

  感叹词:随便,呵呵

  int.expressing indifference or a lack of enthusiasm.

  2.twerk/特沃尔克/

  名词:电臀舞,高频扭动屁股的舞姿

  v.to dance to popular music in a sexually provocative manner, using thrusting movements of the bottom and hips while in a low, squatting stance.

  3.stagette/斯达捷特/

  名词:婚前新娘和闺蜜的狂欢

  n.a party given for a woman about to be married (known elsewhere as a bachelorette party or hen night).

  4.mahala/马哈拉/

  形容词:免费的

  adj. for nothing, gratis.

  5.freegan/福瑞干/

  名词:(为环保)吃丢弃的食物的人

  n.a person who eats discarded food, typically collected from the refuse of shops or restaurants, for ethical or ecological reasons.

  6.twitterati/推特啊弟/

  名词:推特红人

  n.The Tweet elite, whose feeds attract thousands of followers and whose 140-character spews capture the attention of the rapt who doggedly monitor them.

  7.Sexting /塞克斯停/

  名词:发送色情短信

  Sex+Texting.

  8.Photobombing/否头棒冰/

  名词:成功抢镜的行为(见图中大表姐)

  n.the act of spoiling (a photograph) by unexpectedly appearing in the camera'sfield of view as the picture is taken, typically as a prank or practical joke.

  9.Crowdfunding/可绕得方顶/

  名词:众筹

  n.The act of fundraising by using the Internet or a similar network to solicit funds from a large pool of potential donors.

  10.autotune /奥拖吞/

  名词:电音修饰人声(听听T-pain的音乐或者Cher的believe,你就知道这个词是怎么回事了)

  n.a software package that automatically manipulates a recording of a vocal track until it is in tune regardless of whether or not the original performance was in tune

  11.webisode/歪必搜得/

  名词:网络剧

  n.an episode of a television show that is available online for viewing or download.

  12、dog whistle/刀哥 未搜/

  名词:看似无伤大雅实则对特定群体不善的言语

  n.The use of terms that seem innocuous but are intended to convey a hidden and potentially controversial message to a particular audience.

  13.vape/薇帕/

  动词:吸电子烟

  v.To inhale the vapor produced by a non-combustible cigarette, most commonly an electronic cigarette.

  14.shipping/些品/

  名词:萌CP,凑CP

  n.A term used to describe fan fictions that take previously created characters and put them as a pair.

  15.FOMO/否某/

  名词:社交控

  n.Fear of Missing Out

  16.choss/翘丝/

  名词:[攀岩用语引申]烂东西

  n.Low quality or useless. A rock climbing term.

  17.dhaba

  名词:印度、巴基斯坦的街边饭店

  n.Dhaba is the name given to roadside restaurants in India and Pakistan.

  18.FLOTUS/付楼特丝/

  名词:美国第一夫人

  n.First Lady of the United States.

  19.SCOTUS/斯购特斯/

  名词:美国最高法院

  n.Supreme Court of the United States.

  20.Enviropig/因歪肉皮哥/

  名词:环保猪,是一种双基因转殖猪

  n.A genetically modified Yorkshire pig that produces phytase in its salivary glands and can thus digest plant phosphorus more efficiently than ordinary pigsn.

  21.nanosized/纳诺塞斯德/

  形容词:纳米级

  adj. Having a size measured in nanometers.

  22.on-trend/昂川的/

  形容词/副词:潮, 流行

  adj.and adv.Having characteristics which conform to current fashion trends.

  23.old-earth

  名词:母亲(不是老地球哦)

  n.The mother. A person's mother. The elder wise woman of the family.

  24.lede/里德/

  名词:文章的开头

  n.Paragraph in literature is the opening paragraph of an article, essay, news story or book chapter.

  25.wuss /唔丝/

  名词:胆小鬼

  n.A person regarded as weak, ineffectual, or overly fearful.

  26.howay/吼喂/

  感叹词:[俚语]快点儿!

  int. Slang meaning 'come on', 'hurry up' and so on.

  27.deep web

  名词:网络中用传统搜索引擎找不到的东西

  n.The part of the World Wide Web not accessible through conventional search engines.

  28.retweet/瑞推特/

  动词:转发推特

  v.To repost or forward another user's message on the social networking website Twitter.

  29.JavaScript/加瓦斯葵泼特/

  名词:JAVA语言

  n.An interpreted computer programming language

  30.hyperlocal/嗨坡喽扣/

  名词:网络城市

  n.Related to a very small area, smaller than normally considered local.


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