Shipping, initially derived from the word relationship, is the desire by fans for two people, either real-life celebrities or fictional characters, to be in a relationship, romantic or otherwise. Shipping often takes the form of creative works, including fan fiction and fan art, most often published on the internet.
Shipping can involve virtually any kind of relationship: from the well-known and established, to the ambiguous or those undergoing development, and even to the highly improbable or blatantly impossible. Though "shipping" usually refers to romantic relationships, it can also refer to simple friendships; this subset is sometimes known as "friendshipping", or a "BrOTP" (a portmanteau of the terms bromance and one true pairing). Shipping in fan fiction between a same-sex couple is also known as slash fiction, an older term and concept that dates to the late 1970s.
这种粉丝配对基本会产生各种关系：有众所周知的和已经明确的关系，也有暧昧不清或尚需发展的关系，甚至还有完全不可能的关系。虽说这种配对多指恋爱关系，有时也可以指单纯的友情，这个分支也被称为friendshipping(友情配对)，或者简称为BrOTP(好基友 bromance和最棒配对one true pairing的合成形式)。粉丝文学中同性伴侣的配对故事也叫slash fiction(同人小说)，这个说法可以追溯到上世纪70年代。
In anime/manga communities, shipping is more commonly referred to as pairing(s); in Filipino pop culture, it is frequently called loveteam(s). In East Asian contexts, the practice is also referred to as coupling or CP.