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VOA慢速英语1500基础词汇速记 T

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take

[(1) to put a hand or hands around something and hold it, often to move it to another place; (2) to carry something; (3) to seize; (4) to capture; (5) to begin to be in control]

Take this glass. (1)

They will take this with them. (2)

Did the policemen take the evidence? (3)

The Marines took the enemy position. (4)

The President takes office tomorrow. (5)

talk

[(1) to express thoughts in spoken words; (2) a meeting for discussion]

He will talk to us. (1)

The professor will give the talk. (2)

tall

[(1) higher than others; (2) opposite short]

New York has many very tall buildings. (1)

Tom is tall but his wife is short. (2)

tank

[(1) a large container for holding liquids; (2) a heavy military vehicle with guns]

That oil tank is leaking. (1)

The tank moved into position and began shelling the town. (2)

target

[any person or object aimed at or fired at]

We fired at paper targets 300 meters from us.

taste

[to sense through the mouth]

The fruit tastes sweet.

tax

[the money a person or business must pay to the government so the government can provide services]

Federal taxes are due April 15th, unless you pay them earlier.

tea

[a drink made from the plant of the same name]

May I get you a cup of tea?

teach

[(1) to show how to do something; (2) to provide knowledge; (3) to cause to understand]

Will you teach me how to drive a car? (1)

She wants to teach high school students. (2)

He taught me to understand poems. (3)

team

[a group organized for some purpose, often for sports]

She plays on the softball and soccer teams.

tear

[to pull apart, often by force]

Did your dog tear the newspaper?

tears

[the fluid that comes out of the eyes while crying]

Her eyes flooded with tears.

technical

[(1) involving machines, processes and materials in industry, transportation and communications; (2) of or about a very special kind of subject or thing]

He has made many technical improvements in our factory. (1)

You need technical knowledge to understand how this system works. (2)

technology

[the use of scientific knowledge and methods to produce goods and services]

She works at a company that designs communications technology.

telephone

[a device or system for sending sounds, especially the voice, over distances]

Do you have a wireless telephone?

telescope

[a device for making objects that are far away appear closer and larger]

Space telescopes can see objects near the edge of our galaxy.

television

[(1) a device that receives electronic signals and makes them into pictures and sounds; (2) the system of sending pictures and sounds by electronic signals over a distance so others can see and hear them on a receiver]

He has a television in every room. (1)

Television has affected almost every part of our lives. (2)

tell

[(1) to give infomp3ation; (2) to make known by speaking; (3) to command]

He will tell everyone how to get to the party. (1)

She will tell us about her trip to China. (2)

Do what I tell you. (3)

temperature

[the measurement of heat and cold]

What is the temperature outside?

temporary

[lasting only a short time]

He has a temporary job.

tense

[(1) having fear or concern; (2) dangerous; (3) opposite calm]

My pregnant sister is tense about the pain of childbirth. (1)

The bomb threat created a tense situation. (2)

The calm situation suddenly became a tense situation. (3)

temp3

[(1) a limited period of time during which someone does a job or carries out a responsibility; (2) the conditions of an agreement that have been accepted by those involved in it]

He served two temp3s in Congress. (1)

The temp3s of the peace agreement were guaranteed by the United States and Russia. (2)

terrible

[(1)very bad; (2) causing terror or fear]

She had a terrible day at the office. (1)

The hostages were in a terrible situation. (2)

territory

[a large area of land]

The area is dangerous territory in summer because of extremely hot weather and lack of water.

terror

[(1) extreme fear; (2) that which causes great fear]

She lived with the terror that the attack could happen again. (1)

He froze with terror when he saw the angry bear running toward him. (2)

terrorist

[a person who carries out acts of extreme violence as a protest or a way to influence a government]

The terrorist admitted that he made the bomb.

test

[(1) to attempt to learn or prove what something is like or how it will act by studying or doing; (2) an attempt to learn or prove what something is like or how it will act bystudying or doing; (3) a group of questions or problems used to find out a person's knowledge]

The scientists will test the new engine soon. (1)

The test of the new engine takes place today. (2)

The students did well on the language test. (3)

than

[(1) connecting word used to link things that may be similar, but are not equal]

My sister is taller than I am.

thank

[to say that one has a good feeling toward another because that person did something kind]

I want to thank you for helping me.

that

[(1) showing the person, place or thing being spoken about; (2) the person, place or thing being spoken about]

That man is a soldier. (1)

The building that I saw was very large. (2)

the

[used in front of a name word to show that it is a person or thing that is known about or is being spoken about]

The man watched the animal run into the woods.

theater

[a place where movies are shown or plays are perfomp3ed]

We saw a wonderful play last night at the theater.

them

[other people being spoken about]

Did you talk to them about the dog?

then

[(1) at that time; (2) and so]

We were young then. (1)

If I am late then she gets angry. (2)

theory

[a possible explanation of why something exists or how something happens using experiments or ideas, but which is not yet proven]

Other scientists are debating his theory about the disappearance of dinosaurs.

there

[(1) in that place or position; (2) to or toward that place]

What did you find over there? (1)

I am going there to get something to eat. (2)

these

[of or about the people, places or things nearby that have been spoken about already]

These are my children.

they

[those ones being spoken about]

They work with us on several projects.

thick

[(1) having a large distance between two opposite surfaces; (2) having many parts close together; (3) almost solid, such as a liquid that does not flow easily; (4) opposite thin]

The wall is two meters thick. (1)

The forest is very thick. (2)

He put thick oil in the motor of his old car. (3)

This house paint is thick, not thin like the other paint. (4)

thin

[(1) having a small distance between two opposite surfaces; (2) not fat; (3) not wide; (4) opposite thick]

The walls in this house are very thin. (1)

He was fat as a boy but is thin as a man. (2)

The young trees are thin but will grow wide. (3)

The electric wires were thin, not thick. (4)

thing

[any object]

Do you know what that thing is?

think

[(1) to produce thoughts; (2) to fomp3 ideas in the mind; (3) to consider; (4) to believe]

What is it in humans that makes them think? (1)

Sometimes he thinks about the purpose of his life. (2)

I will think about your request. (3)

I think you are right. (4)

third

[coming after two others]

You are the third person to tell me about that.

this

[of or about the person, place or thing nearby that has been spoken about already]

This note will answer your question.

threaten

[to warn that one will do hamp3 or cause damage]

The bank threatened to seize his house.

through

[(1) in at one end and out at the other; (2) from front to back; (3) from top to bottom; (4) with the help of; (5) by]

Oil is shipped through a pipe from Texas to Virginia. (1)

The dog ran through the house. (2)

The submarine sank through the water. (3)

They got help through their church. (4)

They came through the back way. (5)

throw

[to cause to go through the air by a movement of the amp3]

Very few baseball players can throw a ball 100 miles an hour.

* one mile = 1.6 kilometers

tie

[(1) to join or hold together with some material; (2) anything that joins or unites; (3) links or connections]

He tied his dog to the tree. (1)

They are connected by business ties. (2)

The two nations have strong trade ties. (3)

time

[(1) that which is measured in minutes, hours, days and years; (2) a period that can be identified in hours and minutes and is shown on a clock; (3) a period when an event should or will take place]

We have been friends for a long time. (1)

What time is it? (2)

The time for starting the meeting is two o'clock. (3)

tired

[(1) having less strength because of work or exercise; (2) needing sleep or rest]

Talking all day makes him tired. (1)

I am so tired I could sleep all day. (2)

to

[(1) showing the direction of an action; (2) showing the person or place toward which an action is directed; (3) showing a goal or purpose]

At the first stoplight, turn to the right. (1)

She is flying to Seattle. (2)

Come to my house to study tonight. (3)

today

[this day]

I am glad that school ends today.

together

[(1) in one group; (2) at the same time or place; (3) in cooperation]

Her wedding will bring us all together next month. (1)

They will be together at school tomorrow. (2)

We agreed to work together. (3)

tomorrow

[the day after today]

You will feel better tomorrow, after a night's rest.

tonight

[this night]

Are you going to see her tonight?

too

[(1) also; (2) as well; (3) more than is necessary]

I like him too. (1)

She will be at the party too. (2)

He works too much. (3)

tool

[any instrument or device designed to help one do work]

May I borrow a tool from you to fix my keyboard.

top

[(1) the upper edge or surface; (2) the highest part; (3) the cover of something]

The food is in the pan on the top of the stove. (1)

She climbed to the top of the mountain. (2)

Please put the top on the box of tea. (3)

torture

[(1) to cause severe pain; (2) the act of causing severe pain in order to hamp3, to punish or to get infomp3ation from]

The guards tortured the prisoners by beating them. (1)

Torture was used to get infomp3ation about the rebels. (2)

total

[the complete amount]

The measure proposes a tax-reduction total of 1.6 trillion dollars over ten years.

touch

[to put the hand or fingers on]

Please do not touch the wet paint.

toward

[(1) in the direction of; (2) leading to]

He walked toward the river. (1)

They took the first steps toward a peace agreement. (2)

town

[a center where people live, larger than a village but not as large as a city]

Many towns are smaller now because young people move to the cities.

trade

[(1) to buy and sell or exchange products or services; (2) the activity of buying, selling or exchanging products or services]

He trades shares of stock on the New York Stock Exchange. (1)

The United States wants to sell more American products in its trade with China. (2)

tradition

[a ceremony, activity or belief that has existed for a long time]

A big Thanksgiving Day dinner is a tradition in our family.

traffic

[the movement of people, vehicles or ships along a street, road or waterway]

Traffic was very slow during the evening rush hour.

tragic

[(1) extremely sad; (2) terrible]

The boy's struggle against disease was a tragic story. (1)

A tragic car crash killed five people. (2)

train

[(1) to teach or learn how to do something; (2) to prepare for an activity; (3) an engine and the cars connected to it that move along a railroad]

A doctor will train the group in emergency medical treatment. (1)

The soldiers trained for days to prepare for the attack. (2)

She rides a train to work every day. (3)

transport

[to move goods or people from one place to another]

Trucks will transport the goods.

transportation

[the act or business of moving goods or people]

Effective transportation depends on reasonable fuel costs.

trap

[(1) to catch or be caught by being tricked; (2) to be unable to move or escape; (3) a device used to catch animals]

Police trapped robbers by opening stores that offered to buy stolen goods. (1)

He was trapped in the burning building. (2)

Few people use traps now to catch animals for their fur or skins. (3)

travel

[to go from one place to another, usually for a long distance]

He travels to California several times a year.

treason

[the act of fighting against one's own country or of helping its enemies]

Only a few persons have been tried for treason in the past 50 years.

treasure

[a large collection of money, jewels or other things of great value]

Searchers still find treasure in ships that sank as they carried gold to Europe.

treat

[(1) to deal with; (2) to act toward in a special way; (3) to try to cure]

The new book treats the subject of political wrong-doing in the 1990's. (1)

His political enemies treated him unfairly. (2)

Doctors are treating the disease with a new medicine. (3)

treatment

[(1) the act of treating; (2) the use of medicine to try to cure or make better]

A new report offers a different treatment on the costs of reducing air pollution. (1)

Doctors are developing some new treatments for the AIDS disease. (2)

treaty

[a written agreement between two or more nations]

The United States may seek changes in the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.

tree

[a very tall plant that is mostly wood, except for its leaves]

Some new rules are expected to reduce the number of trees cut in the National Forests.

trial

[an examination in a court of a question or dispute to decide if a charge is true]

Evidence against the terrorists will be presented at a trial in New York.

tribe

[a group of families ruled by a common chief or leader]

Another Native American tribe is seeking the return of lands taken by the government in the 1800's.

trick

[(1) to cheat; (2) to fool a person so as to get something or make him or her do something]

He used false documents to trick the tax office into reducing his taxes. (1)

She tricked him into giving her private infomp3ation about his credit card. (2)

trip

[a movement from one place to another, usually a long distance]

We will go on a trip to Europe next month.

troops

[a number of soldiers in a large controlled group]

American and European troops are keeping peace in Yugoslavia.

trouble

[that which causes concern, fear, difficulty or problems]

He always has trouble starting his car.

truce

[a temporary halt in fighting agreed to by all sides involved]

Fighting ended when the two sides agreed to a truce.

truck

[a heavy vehicle used to carry goods]

The men loaded everything that I own into the truck.

true

[(1)correct; (2) not false]

The news report was true. (1)

The woman made a true statement to the court. (2)

trust

[to believe that someone is honest and will not cause hamp3]

Many important people trusted him.

try

[(1) to make an effort; (2) to take court action against a person to decide if he or she is guilty or innocent of a crime]

We will try to find her. (1)

The court will try him next week. (2)

tube

[(1) a long, round structure through which liquids or gases can flow; (2) a long, thin container in which they can be kept]

The patient breathed through a tube placed in his throat. (1)

The tube of toothpaste is empty. (2)

turn

[(1) to change direction; (2) to move into a different position; (3) to change color, fomp3 or shape]

Turn to the left at the next street. (1)

Turn the meat so it will cook on both sides. (2)

Her beautiful black hair turned white as years passed. (3)

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