[00:12.28]Wild Bill Donovan would have loved the Internet.
[00:15.51]The American spymaster who built the Office of
[00:18.42]Strategic Services in World War II
[00:21.35]and later laid the roots for the CIA
[00:24.38]was fascinated with information.
[00:27.67]Donovan believed in using
[00:29.25]whatever tools came to hand in the "great game"
[00:32.58]of espionage--spying as a "profession."
[00:36.81]These days the Net,
[00:38.93]which has already re-made such everyday pastimes
[00:42.26]as buying books and sending mail,
[00:44.68]is reshaping Donovan's vocation as well.
[00:48.78]The last revolution isn't simply a matter of
[00:51.70]gentlemen reading other gentlemen's e-mail.
[00:54.62]That kind of electronic spying has been going on for decades.
[00:59.16]In the past three or four years,
[01:01.38]the World Wide Web has given birth to a whole industry
[01:04.91]of point-and-click spying.
[01:08.12]The spooks call it "open-source intelligence,"
[01:11.66]and as the Net grows, it is becoming
[01:16.70]In 1995 the CIA held a contest to see
[01:21.74]who could compile the most data about Burundi.
[01:26.20]The winner, by a large margin,
[01:28.41]was a tiny Virginia company called Open Source Solutions,
[01:32.25]whose clear advantage was its mastery
[01:35.07]of the electronic world.
[01:38.20]Among the firms making the biggest splash
[01:41.13]in this new world is Straitford, Inc.,
[01:43.65]a private intelligence-analysis firm based in Austin, Texas.
[01:48.29]Straitford makes money by selling the results
[01:51.31]of spying (covering nations from Chile to Russia)
[01:55.85]to corporations like energy-services firm McDermott International.
[02:01.70]Many of its predictions are available online
[02:09.78]Straitford president George Friedman says
[02:12.91]he sees the online world as a kind of
[02:15.18]mutually reinforcing tool for
[02:17.81]both information collection and distribution,
[02:21.23]a spymaster's dream.
[02:23.54]Last week his firm was busy vacuuming up data bits
[02:27.49]from the far corners of the world
[02:29.60]and predicting a crisis in Ukraine.
[02:32.52]"As soon as that report runs,
[02:35.24]we'll suddenly get 500 new Internet sign-ups from Ukraine,"
[02:39.58]says Friedman, a former political science professor.
[02:43.40]"And we'll hear back from some of them."
[02:45.83]Open-source spying does have its risks, of course,
[02:49.86]since it can be difficult to tell good information from bad.
[02:54.00]That's where Straitford earns its keep.
[02:57.82]Friedman relies on a lean staff of 20 in Austin.
[03:02.16]Several of his staff members
[03:03.83]have military-intelligence backgrounds.
[03:06.76]He sees the firm's outsider status
[03:09.17]as the key to its success.
[03:11.69]Straitford's briefs don't sound like
[03:14.22]the usual Washington back-and-forthing,
[03:17.34]whereby agencies avoid dramatic declarations
[03:20.26]on the chance they might be wrong. Straitford,
[03:23.49]says Friedman, takes pride in its independent voice.内容来自 听力课堂网：http://www.tingclass.net/show-8686-251447-1.html