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VOA慢速英语:美国贸易逆差创下五个月新高

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2018年09月06日

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US Trade Deficit Reaches Five Month High

美国贸易逆差创下五个月新高

The United States' trade deficit with other countries rose to a five-month high in July.

7月份美国同其它国家的贸易逆差升值五个月高位。

At the same time, the U.S. trade deficit with China hit a record high.

与此同时,美国同中国贸易逆差创下历史新高。

Economists say the latest numbers could influence the Trump administration to carry out its "America First" trade policies more aggressively.

经济学家表示,最新数据可能会导致川普政府更积极地实施其“美国优先”的贸易政策。

The administration's protectionist policies have left the United States in disputes with the European Union, Canada, Mexico and China. President Donald Trump says the United States is being used by its trading partners.

美国政府的贸易保护主义政策使得美国同欧盟、加拿大、墨西哥以及中国发生冲突。川普总统表示,美国正被其它贸易伙伴利用。

The U.S. Commerce Department reported the rise in the trade deficit Wednesday. Its report came a day before the end of a public comment period about a list of $200 billion worth of Chinese goods. The U.S. government is expected to announce tariffs on those products.

美国商务部周三报告称贸易逆差上升。这份报告是在一项关于价值2000亿美元中国商品清单的公众意见征询期结束前一天发布的。预计美国政府将宣布对这些产品加征关税。

"America still isn't getting a fair deal on trade and that can only mean one thing," said Chris Rupkey, chief economist at the MUFG financial group in New York.

三菱日联金融集团驻纽约首席经济学家克里斯·鲁普契(Chris Rupkey)表示:“美国仍然没有达成公平贸易的协议,这只能意味着一种结果。”

"President Trump is going unleash another $200 billion in tariffs on China imports," he said.

他说:“川普总统将会对另外价值2000亿美元的中国商品征收关税。”

The Commerce Department report said the trade deficit increased 9.5 percent to $50.1 billion in July. This happened as exports of soybeans and civilian aircraft dropped, while imports hit a record high. The trade deficit has now widened in each of the past two months.

美国商务部报告称,7月份贸易逆差增加9.5%至501亿美元。这是因为大豆和民用飞机出口的下降,而进口则创下历史新高。过去两个月的贸易逆差都在扩大。

The government announced import duties on goods including steel, aluminum, washing machines and solar panels earlier this year. It said the move was to protect American industries from what Trump says is unfair foreign competition.

美国政府今年早些时候宣布对钢铁、铝、洗衣机和太阳能电池板等商品征收进口关税。美国政府称此举旨在保护美国工业不受川普所说的不公平的外国竞争的影响。

The United States and China each have put retaliatory tariffs on a combined $100 billion worth of products since early July.

自7月初以来,美国和中国各自对价值1000亿美元的产品征收了报复性关税。

The Trump administration also wants to rework the North American Free Trade Agreement. The United States struck a deal with Mexico last week, but negotiations with Canada have been difficult.

川普政府还希望重新制定北美自由贸易协定。美国上周和墨西哥达成协议,但是和加拿大的谈判陷入僵局。

The administration says ending the trade deficit will put the economy on a path of faster growth. But economists say some of the government's policies, such as a $1.5 trillion tax cut earlier this year, will worsen the trade deficit.

美国政府表示,消除贸易逆差将会使经济走上更快增长的道路。但是经济学家表示,政府的一些政策,例如今年早些时候减税1.5万亿美元,将会使贸易逆差更为严重。

The trade deficit narrowed in April and May as farmers increased soybean exports to China before its tariffs on American products came into effect in early July.

由于农民在7月初对美国产品关税生效之前增加了对中国的大豆出口,4月和5月的贸易逆差有所收窄。

Record high imports

创历史新高

After considering inflation, the trade deficit increased to a five-month high of $82.5 billion in July from $79.3 billion in June.

考虑通货膨胀因素之后,7月份的贸易逆差从6月份的793亿美元升至825亿美元的五个月新高。

The goods trade deficit with China grew 10 percent to a record $36.8 billion in July. The trade gap with Mexico dropped 25.3 percent to $5.5 billion while the gap with Canada rose 57.6 percent to $3.1 billion. The trade deficit with the European Union rose 50 percent to a record high of $17.6 billion.

美国与中国的商品贸易逆差在7月份增长了10%,达到创纪录的368亿美元;与墨西哥的贸易逆差下降25.3%至55亿美元;与加拿大的逆差上升57.6%至31亿美元;与欧盟的贸易逆差增长50%,达到创纪录的176亿美元。

In July, U.S. exports of goods and services fell one percent to $211.1 billion. However, imports of goods and services increased 0.9 percent to a record $261.2 billion. They were helped by imports of computers and computer parts. Total imports were higher, in part, thanks to petroleum imports, which were the highest since December 2014 because of higher oil prices.

7月份,美国商品和服务出口下降1%至2111美元。然而,商品和服务进口增长了0.9%,达到创纪录的2612美元,这些都受益于计算机和计算机零件的进口。总进口量较高的部分原因是由于石油价格上涨,石油进口量创下2014年12月以来新高。

I'm Caty Weaver.

卡蒂·韦弗报道。

The United States’ trade deficit with other countries rose to a five-month high in July.

At the same time, the U.S. trade deficit with China hit a record high.

Economists say the latest numbers could influence the Trump administration to carry out its “America First” trade policies more aggressively.

The administration’s protectionist policies have left the United States in disputes with the European Union, Canada, Mexico and China. President Donald Trump says the United States is being used by its trading partners.

The U.S. Commerce Department reported the rise in the trade deficit Wednesday. Its report came a day before the end of a public comment period about a list of $200 billion worth of Chinese goods. The U.S. government is expected to announce tariffson those products.

“America still isn’t getting a fair deal on trade and that can only mean one thing,” said Chris Rupkey, chief economist at the MUFG financial group in New York.

“President Trump is going unleash another $200 billion in tariffs on China imports,” he said.

The Commerce Department report said the trade deficit increased 9.5 percent to $50.1 billion in July. This happened as exports of soybeans and civilian aircraft dropped, while imports hit a record high. The trade deficit has now widened in each of the past two months.

The government announced import duties on goods including steel, aluminum, washing machines and solar panels earlier this year. It said the move was to protect American industries from what Trump says is unfair foreign competition.

The United States and China each have put retaliatory tariffs on a combined $100 billion worth of products since early July.

The Trump administration also wants to rework the North American Free Trade Agreement. The United States struck a deal with Mexico last week, but negotiations with Canada have been difficult.

The administration says ending the trade deficit will put the economy on a path of faster growth. But economists say some of the government’s policies, such as a $1.5 trillion tax cut earlier this year, will worsen the trade deficit.

The trade deficit narrowed in April and May as farmers increased soybean exports to China before its tariffs on American products came into effect in early July.

Record high imports

After considering inflation, the trade deficit increased to a five-month high of $82.5 billion in July from $79.3 billion in June.

The goods trade deficit with China grew 10 percent to a record $36.8 billion in July. The trade gap with Mexico dropped 25.3 percent to $5.5 billion while the gap with Canada rose 57.6 percent to $3.1 billion. The trade deficit with the European Union rose 50 percent to a record high of $17.6 billion.

In July, U.S. exports of goods and services fell one percent to $211.1 billion. However, imports of goods and services increased 0.9 percent to a record $261.2 billion. They were helped by imports of computers and computer parts. Total imports were higher, in part, thanks to petroleum imports, which were the highest since December 2014 because of higher oil prices.

I’m Caty Weaver.

_____________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

duty –n. a tax on goods being brought into a country

petroleum –n. oil that comes from below the ground

retaliatory –adj. to do something bad to someone in return for mistreatment

tariff –n. a tax on goods coming into or going out of a country

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