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VOA慢速英语:各方对川普决定从叙利亚撤军的反应

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2018年12月21日

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Reaction to Trump’s Decision to Withdraw US Forces from Syria

各方对川普决定从叙利亚撤军的反应

Syrian Kurdish allies of the United States are worried about President Donald Trump's decision to withdraw all U.S. military forces from Syria.

美国的叙利亚库尔德人盟友对川普总统决定从叙利亚撤出所有美国军队表示担忧。

The Kurdish Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) said in a statement Thursday that a U.S. withdrawal could give Islamic State (IS) militants a chance to regroup. It noted that Turkey has threatened to launch an offensive against Kurdish forces east of the Euphrates River.

库尔德人组成的叙利亚民主军(简称SDF)周四在一份声明中表示,美国撤军可能会给伊斯兰国武装分子重振旗鼓的机会。声明指出,土耳其威胁要对幼发拉底河以东的库尔德武装发起进攻。

Trump announced the unexpected withdrawal -- first in a statement and later in a video message -- on Twitter Wednesday.

川普周三在推特上宣布了这次意外撤军,首先是发表了一份声明,随后发布了一段视频。

"We have won against (IS), we've beaten them and we've beaten them badly," he said, adding "now it's time for our troops to come back home."

川普说:“我们已经赢得了打击伊斯兰国组织的胜利。我们已将他们击败,把他们打得落花流水。现在我们的将士们是时候班师回国了。”

U.S. lawmakers reacted with surprise to the president's decision to immediately begin withdrawing all U.S. troops in Syria.

美国议员对川普总统立即开始从叙利亚撤出所有美国军队的决定感到惊讶。

Rhode Island Senator Jack Reed told reporters the Trump administration is abandoning the Kurds to a "bloody conflict with Turkey." Reed, a member of the Democratic Party, called the decision a "betrayal."

罗德岛参议员杰克·里德(Jack Reed)告诉记者,川普政府要放任库尔德人“陷入同土耳其的血腥冲突中。”民主党人里德称这一决定是“背叛。”

South Carolina Senator Lindsey Graham said the decision was a "disaster in the making." Graham belongs to the Republican Party and is usually a Trump supporter.

南卡罗莱纳州参议员林赛·格雷厄姆(Lindsey Graham)表示,该决定是一场“酝酿中的灾难。”格雷厄姆是共和党人,他通常支持川普。

France and Britain expressed concern about the U.S. announcement. The two countries are important members of the 60-member, anti-IS alliance.

法国和英国政府对美国的这项声明表示担忧。这两国是反伊斯兰国联盟60个成员国中的重要组成部分。

A British government statement released Wednesday noted that "much remains to be done and we must not lose sight of the threat...(IS) remains a threat."

英国政府周三发布表明指出,“仍有许多工作要做,我们不能忽视这种威胁,伊斯兰国仍然是一大威胁。”

France's European Affairs minister said that "the fight against terrorism is not over."

法国欧洲事务部长表示,“打击恐怖主义的战争尚未结束。”

In Moscow, Russian President Vladimir Putin welcomed the U.S. decision. At his yearly press conference on Thursday, Putin said he agreed with Trump. He added that the United States "has done the right thing."

莫斯科方面,俄罗斯总统普京对美国的这一决定表示欢迎。在周四的年度新闻发布会上,普京表示他赞同川普。他补充说,美国“做得对。”

The administration and the U.S. Defense Department have yet to explain how the nearly 2,000 American soldiers in Syria would be safely removed.

美国政府和国防部尚未解释如何安全地撤走叙利亚境内的近2000名美国士兵。

Defense Secretary James Mattis and other U.S officials have been calling for American troops to stay in Syria to completely destroy Islamic State forces. The group still controls a few small areas of Syrian territory.

国防部长詹姆斯·马蒂斯(James Mattis)等美国官员一直呼吁美国军队留在叙利亚彻底摧毁伊斯兰国武装。该组织目前仍控制着叙利亚境内的一小块区域。

Earlier this week, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said he had won "concessions" during a long telephone call with Trump. Erdogan said they talked about a Turkish offensive against the Kurds.

本周早些时候,土耳其总统埃尔多安表示,他在同川普的一次长时间通话中赢得了“让步。”埃尔多安表示,他们谈到了土耳其对库尔德人的攻势。

Some Middle East experts have strongly criticized the president's decision.

一些中东专家强烈批评了川普总统的决定。

Charles Lister at Washington's Middle East Institute called the move a "dream scenario" for IS, Russia, Iran and Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.

华盛顿中东研究所的查尔斯·利斯特(Charles Lister)称此举是伊斯兰国、俄罗斯、伊朗以及叙利亚总统阿萨德的“梦想场景。”

Richard Haas is president of the Council on Foreign Relations. He said it is "morally wrong" to leave the Syrian Kurds to face Turkey alone.

美国对外关系委员会主席理查德·哈斯(Richard Haas)表示,让叙利亚库尔德人独自面对土耳其是“不道德的。”

The Syrian civil war began in 2011. It has left nearly 500,000 dead and millions homeless. In 2014, Islamic State militants seized control of several parts of Syria. While IS forces are mostly destroyed, they still hold territory in northeastern Syria.

叙利亚内战始于2011年,造成了近50万人死亡,数百万人无家可归。2014年,伊斯兰国武装分子控制了叙利亚的几个地区。虽然伊斯兰国武装大部分被摧毁,但他们仍然控制了叙利亚北部的领土。

I'm Jonathan Evans.

乔纳森·埃文斯报道。

Syrian Kurdish allies of the United States are worried about President Donald Trump’s decision to withdraw all U.S. military forces from Syria.

The Kurdish Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) said in a statement Thursday that a U.S. withdrawal could give Islamic State (IS) militants a chance to regroup. It noted that Turkey has threatened to launch an offensive against Kurdish forces east of the Euphrates River.

Trump announced the unexpected withdrawal -- first in a statement and later in a video message -- on Twitter Wednesday.

“We have won against (IS), we’ve beaten them and we’ve beaten them badly,” he said, adding “now it’s time for our troops to come back home.”

After historic victories against ISIS, it’s time to bring our great young people home! pic.twitter.com/xoNjFzQFTp

— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) December 19, 2018

U.S. lawmakers reacted with surprise to the president’s decision to immediately begin withdrawing all U.S. troops in Syria.

Rhode Island Senator Jack Reed told reporters the Trump administration is abandoning the Kurds to a “bloody conflict with Turkey.” Reed, a member of the Democratic Party, called the decision a “betrayal.”

South Carolina Senator Lindsey Graham said the decision was a “disaster in the making." Graham belongs to the Republican Party and is usually a Trump supporter.

France and Britain expressed concern about the U.S. announcement. The two countries are important members of the 60-member, anti-IS alliance.

A British government statement released Wednesday noted that “much remains to be done and we must not lose sight of the threat…(IS) remains a threat.”

France’s European Affairs minister said that “the fight against terrorism is not over.”

In Moscow, Russian President Vladimir Putin welcomed the U.S. decision. At his yearly press conference on Thursday, Putin said he agreed with Trump. He added that the United States “has done the right thing.”

The administration and the U.S. Defense Department have yet to explain how the nearly 2,000 American soldiers in Syria would be safely removed.

Defense Secretary James Mattis and other U.S officials have been calling for American troops to stay in Syria to completely destroy Islamic State forces. The group still controls a few small areas of Syrian territory.

Earlier this week, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said he had won “concessions” during a long telephone call with Trump. Erdogan said they talked about a Turkish offensive against the Kurds.

Some Middle East experts have strongly criticized the president’s decision.

Charles Lister at Washington’s Middle East Institute called the move a “dream scenario” for IS, Russia, Iran and Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.

Richard Haas is president of the Council on Foreign Relations. He said it is “morally wrong” to leave the Syrian Kurds to face Turkey alone.

The Syrian civil war began in 2011. It has left nearly 500,000 dead and millions homeless. In 2014, Islamic State militants seized control of several parts of Syria. While IS forces are mostly destroyed, they still hold territory in northeastern Syria.

I’m Jonathan Evans.

____________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

abandon – n. to leave and never return to someone who needs protection or help

concession – n. the act of giving up something or doing something in order to reach agreement

scenario – n. a description of what could possibly happen

concession – n. the act of giving up something or doing something in order to reach agreement

scenario – n. a description of what could possibly happen

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