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历年考研英语翻译1994年

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http://online2.tingclass.net/lesson/shi0529/0008/8698/FY1994.mp3
http://image.tingclass.net/statics/js/2012
[00:06.14]1994

[00:09.06]According to the new school of scientists,

[00:11.58]technology is an overlooked force in expanding

[00:14.51]the horizons of scientific knowledge.

[00:17.34](1)

[00:19.86]not so much through the insights of great men

[00:22.17]of genius as because of more ordinary things

[00:25.21]like improved techniques and tools.>

[00:27.73](2)<"In short," a leader of the new school contends,

[00:30.85]"the scientific revolution, as we call it,

[00:34.07]was largely the improvement and invention

[00:36.69]and use of a series of instruments

[00:39.22]that expanded the reach of science

[00:40.98]in innumerable directions.">

[00:43.50](3)

[00:46.84]as a source of fundamental innovation

[00:49.25]have largely been ignored by historians

[00:51.37]and philosophers of science.>

[00:53.78]The modern school that hails technology argues

[00:56.52]that such masters as Galileo, Newton, Maxwell, Einstein,

[01:01.14]and inventors such as Edison attached great importance to,

[01:05.06]and derived great benefit from,

[01:07.09]craft information and technological devices

[01:10.20]of different kinds that were usable in scientific experiments.

[01:14.44]The centerpiece of the argument of a technology--yes,

[01:18.08]genius--no advocate was an analysis

[01:21.70]of Gialileo's role at the start of the scientific revolution.

[01:25.93]The wisdom of the day was derived from Ptolemy,

[01:28.87]an astronomer of the second century,

[01:31.08]whose elaborate system of the sky

[01:32.95]put Earth at the center of all heavenly motions.

[01:36.99](4)

[01:40.51]he was the first person to turn the newly invented telescope

[01:44.25]on the heavens to prove

[01:46.15]that the planets revolve around the sun

[01:48.67]rather than around the Earth.>

[01:50.98]But the real hero of the story,

[01:52.56]according to the new school of scientists,

[01:54.79]was the long evolution in the improvement

[01:57.40]of machinery for making eyeglasses.

[02:00.45]Federal policy is necessarily involved

[02:02.89]in the technology vs. genius dispute.

[02:05.91](5)

[02:07.67]the financing of pure science at the expense

[02:10.44]of technology or vice versa (反之) often depends

[02:13.67]on the issue of which is seen as the driving force.>

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