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历年考研英语翻译2003年

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http://online2.tingclass.net/lesson/shi0529/0008/8698/FY2003.mp3
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[00:03.49]2003

[00:06.71]Human beings in all times and places

[00:09.33]think about their world and wonder at their place in it.

[00:13.07]Humans are thoughtful and creative,

[00:15.40]possessed of insatiable curiosity.

[00:18.29](1)

[00:20.81]the environment in which they live,

[00:23.13]thus subjecting all other life forms

[00:25.14]to their own peculiar ideas and fancies.>

[00:28.76]Therefore, it is important to study humans

[00:31.19]in all their richness and diversity in a calm

[00:33.91]and systematic manner,

[00:35.82]with the hope that the knowledge resulting

[00:37.80]from such studies can lead humans

[00:40.22]to a more harmonious way of living with themselves

[00:43.15]and with all other life forms on this planet Earth.

[00:46.90]"Anthropology" derives from the Greek words anthropos

[00:50.48]"human" and logos "the study of."

[00:53.41]By its very name, anthropology encompasses

[00:56.33]the study of all humankind.

[00:58.84]Anthropology is one of the social sciences.

[01:01.87](2)

[01:05.19]which seeks to study humans and their endeavors

[01:08.42]in the same reasoned, orderly, systematic,

[01:11.25]and dispassioned manner that natural scientists

[01:14.42]use for the study of natural phenomena.>

[01:17.54]Social science disciplines include geography, economics,

[01:21.47]political science, psychology, and sociology.

[01:25.41]Each of these social sciences has a subfield or specialization

[01:29.14]which lies particularly close to anthropology.

[01:32.57]All the social sciences focus upon the study of humanity.

[01:36.49]Anthropology is a field-study oriented discipline

[01:39.93]which makes extensive use of the comparative method in analysis.

[01:44.26](3)

[01:47.39]combined with a cross-cultural perspective

[01:49.69]brought to the analysis of cultures past and present,

[01:53.12]makes this study a unique

[01:54.73]and distinctly important social science.>

[01:57.75]Anthropological analyses rest heavily

[02:00.55]upon the concept of culture.

[02:02.66]Sir Edward Tylor's formulation of the concept of culture

[02:05.89]was one of the great intellectual achievements

[02:08.31]of 19th century science.

[02:10.63](4)

[02:12.44]"...that complex whole which includes belief, art,

[02:16.07]morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities

[02:20.11]and habits acquired by man as a member of society.">

[02:24.04]This insight, so profound in its simplicity,

[02:27.28]opened up an entirely new way of perceiving

[02:29.80]and understanding human life.

[02:32.33]Implicit within Tylor's definition is the concept

[02:35.44]that culture is learned, shared,

[02:37.76]and patterned behavior.

[02:39.68](5)

[02:42.81]like the concept of "set" in mathematics,

[02:45.64]is an abstract concept

[02:47.66]which makes possible immense amounts

[02:49.58]of concrete research and understanding.>

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