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新概念英语第三册逐句精讲语言点 第27课 不买也不卖(6)

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2015年12月06日

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  By having to sleep in the open, he gets far closer to the world of nature than most of us ever do. He may hunt, beg, or steal occasionally to keep himself alive; he may even, in times of real need, do a little work; but he will never sacrifice his freedom. We often speak of tramps with contempt and put them in the same class as beggars, but how many of us can honestly say that we have not felt a little envious of their simple way of life and their freedom from care?

  16. By having to sleep in the open, he gets far closer to the world of nature than most of us ever do.

  由于被迫在露天睡觉,他比我们中许多人都离大自然近得多。

  语言点:句子结构分析:by having to sleep in the open是介词短语,作原因状语,意即“由于不得不露宿”。Get close to的意思是“接近…”。Get far closer to…than…的意思是“比…接近…得多”。Do代替get close to the world of nature。

  17. He may hunt, beg, or steal occasionally to keep himself alive; he may even, in times of real need, do a little work; but he will never sacrifice his freedom.

  为了生存,他可能会去打猎、乞讨,偶尔偷上一两回;确实需要的时候,他甚至可能干一点儿活,但他决不会牺牲自由。

  语言点:句子结构分析:句中两个分获表明这桑简单句均为并列关系。

  18. We often speak of tramps with contempt and put them in the same class as beggars, but how many of us can honestly say that we have not felt a little envious of their simple way of life and their freedom from care?

  说起流浪汉,我们常常带有轻蔑并把他们与乞丐归为一类。但是,我们中有多少人能够坦率地说我们对流浪汉的简朴生活与无忧无虑的境况不感到有些羡慕呢?

  语言点:句子结构分析:as beggars是class的定语。这里的as是关系代词,意思是“他们和乞丐归为同一类”。Their freedom from care的意思是“他们的无忧无虑”,freedom from care相当于free from care,只是由于句子结构和对词性的要求而把free改为freedom。


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