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偶像励志英语演讲 第98期:如何解决这个世界最严重的不平等(8)

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[00:00.21]The AIDS epidemic offers an example.

艾滋病就是一个例子。

[00:04.37]The broad goal, of course, is to end the disease.

毫无疑问,总的目标是消灭这种疾病。

[00:09.01]The highest-leverage approach is prevention.

最高效的方法是预防。

[00:12.30]The ideal technology would be a vaccine that gives lifetime immunity with a single dose.

最理想的技术是一种疫苗,只要注射一次,就可以终生免疫。

[00:20.17]So governments, drug companies, and foundations are funding vaccine research.

所以,政府、制药公司、基金会在资助疫苗研究。

[00:26.55]But their work is likely to take more than a decade,

但是,这种研究工作很可能花费十几年时间。

[00:30.35]so in the meantime, we have to work with what we have in hand-

因此,与此同时,我们必须使用现有技术——

[00:34.37]and the best prevention approach we have now is getting people to avoid risky behavior.

目前最有效的预防方法就是设法让人们避免那些危险的行为。

[00:40.35]Pursuing that goal starts the four-step cycle again.

要实现这个目标,又可以采用四步循环。

[00:45.00]This is the pattern.

这是一种模式。

[00:46.59]The crucial thing is to never stop thinking and working-

关键是永远不要停止思考和行动——

[00:52.24]and never do what we did with malaria and tuberculosis in the 20th century-

我们千万不能再犯上个世纪在疟疾和肺结核上犯过的错误——

[00:59.18]which is to surrender to complexity and quit.

那时我们因为它们太复杂而放弃了采取行动。

[01:04.11]The final step-after seeing the problem and finding an approach is to measure the impact of the work

在发现问题和找到解决方法之后,就该进行最后一步——评估工作结果,

[01:12.32]and share tha successes and failures so that others can learn from the efforts.

将你的成功经验或者失败经验同其他人分享,这样他们就可以从你的努力中有所收获。

[01:19.46]You have to have the statistics, of course.

当然,你必须有一些统计数字。

[01:22.54]You have to be able to show, for example, that a program is vaccinating millions more children.

你必须让他人知道,例如,你的项目为几百万儿童接种了疫苗。

[01:29.31]You have to be able to show, for example, a decline in the number of children dying from these diseases.

你也必须让他人知道,儿童死亡人数下降了多少。

[01:36.05]This is essential not just to improve the program,

这些都是很关键的,不仅有利于改进项目,

[01:39.10]but also to help draw more investment from business and government.

也有利于从商界和政府得到更多的帮助。

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