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思马得英语100个句子搞定英语语法(12):关系代词

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  12.关系代词

  <例句>

  I met someone who said he knew you.

  我遇到一个人,他说他认识你。

  <语法分析>

  关系代词 who 代表 someone,又引导从句修饰它,同时又在从句中担任主语。关系代词 who, whom, whose, that和 which可以用来引导定语从句,这类代词都起着三重作用,一是代表前面的名词,二是把从句和它所修饰的词连接起来,三是在从句里也担任一个成分。who 和 whom 都代表人,who 在从句中作主语,whom在从句中作宾语或介词宾语。whose在从句中可以作定语。that可以代表人或物,which 只能代表物在从句中可充当主语、宾语或介词宾语等。

  <触类旁通>

  (1) The noise that she made woke everybody up.

  她弄出的声音把大家都吵醒了。

  语法分析:that 代表 noise,又引导从句修饰它,在从句中担任 made 的宾语。

  (2) She saw something in the paper which might interest you.

  她在报纸上看到的一些消息,或许会使你感兴趣。

  语法分析:which 代表 something, 又引导从句修饰它,在从句中担任主语。

  (3) The girl with whom I was travlling didn't speak English.

  和我一起旅行的那个女孩不会讲英语。

  语法分析:whom 代表人,在从句中作宾语或介词宾语。

  (4) I saw a film whose name I have forgotten.

  我看了一部电影, 名字却忘了。

  语法分析:whose 有时指无生命的东西。

  (5) Who's the man (that) you were talking to?

  刚才和你讲话的人是谁?

  语法分析:在从句作宾语时,that常可以省略。

  (6) The situation in which she found herself was very difficult.

  她的处境非常困难。

  语法分析:在紧跟介词时,只能用which,不能用that,而且不能省略。

  <巩固练习>

  1. The man _____ robbed her has been arrested.

  2. The man _____ I saw told me to come back tomorrow.

  3. I know a girl _____ mother is an acrobat.

  4. He _____ would eat the fruit must climb the tree.

  5. The dog _____ was lost has been found.

  6. She invited us to dinner, ______ was very kind of her.

  7. My dog, ______ temper is very uncertain, often bites judges at dog show.

  8. The man from ______ I brought it told me to read me instructions.

  <参考答案>

  1. who 2. whom 3. whose 4. that 5. which 6. which 7. whose 8. whom


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