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思马得英语100个句子搞定英语语法(32):各个时态的被动语态

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  32.各个时态的被动语态

  <例句>

  I am given a lot of work to do.

  他们给了我大量工作。

  <语法分析>

  一般时态的被动语态构成是:一般现在时的被动语态构成为am, is或are +过去分词,一般过去时的被动语态构成为was 或were +过去分词,一般将来时的被动语态构成是will (shall) be +过去分词,一般过去将来时的被动语态构成是would be +过去分词。现在进行时态的被动语态构成为am, is或are + being +过去分词,过去进行时态的被动语态构成为was或were + being +过去分词。现在完成时的被动语态构成为has或have + been +过去分词,过去完成时的被动语态构成为had + been +过去分词。

  <触类旁通>

  (1) The boy is called Tiger.

  这个小孩叫老虎。

  语法分析:一般现在时的被动语态构成为am, is或are +过去分词。

  (2) Where were you educated?

  你在什么地方受的教育?

  语法分析:一般过去时的被动语态构成为was或were +过去分词。

  (3) Shall I be allowed to go with you?

  允许我和你们一起去吗?

  语法分析:一般将来时的被动语态构成是will或shall be +过去分词。

  (4) I was afraid I wouldn't be admitted.

  我担心我进不去。

  语法分析:一般过去将来时的被动语态构成是would be +过去分词。

  (5) She was being looked after by her brother.

  她正由她弟弟照顾。

  语法分析:过去进行时态的被动语态构成was或were + being +过去分词。

  (6) She told me that the factory had been closed down.

  她告诉我这家工厂已经倒闭。

  语法分析:过去完成时的被动语态构成为 had + been +过去分词。

  <巩固练习>

  (1) The two words _____ pronpounced in the same way.

  (2) They ______ given a warm send-off at the airport.

  (3) The result ______ not be announced until 5 o'clock.

  (4) He thought he _____ be invited.

  (5) They _____[be] interrogated by the police.

  (6) The troops _____[be] inspected by the president.

  (7) _____ they been notified about it?

  (8) We were glad that he _____ been awarded a gold medal.

  <参考答案>

  (1) are (2) were (3) will (4) would (5) are being (6) were being (7) Have (8) had


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