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思马得英语100个句子搞定英语语法(36):关于被动语态的注意点

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  36.关于被动语态的注意点

  <例句>

  Such a thing has never been heard of before.

  这样的事情以前从来没有听说过。

  <语法分析>

  带宾语的动词词组,可以由主动语态变为被动语态。双宾动词的两个宾语都可作被动语态的主语,情态动词也可用在被动语态中。含复合宾语的句子在变为被动语态时,只能用宾语不能用补语作被动语态的主语。含宾语从句的复合句一般可变为被动语态,也可用it代替宾语从句作形式主语,变为被动语态。

  <触类旁通>

  (1) Can this lock be repaired here?

  这儿能修这把锁吗?

  语法分析:情态动词也可用在被动语态中。

  (2) A doctor has been sent for.

  已经派人去请医生了。

  语法分析:带宾语的动词词组,可以由主动语态变为被动语态。

  (3) My sister was given three pencils.

  给了我妹妹三支铅笔。

  语法分析:双宾动词的两个宾语都可作被动语态的主语。

  (4) She was asked when to do the experiment.

  有人问她何时做试验。

  语法分析:如直接宾语是疑问代词或疑问副词+动词不定式结构时,一般把间接宾语转为被动语态的主语。

  (5) I was asked to make her a new evening dress.

  她要我给她做一件晚礼服。

  语法分析:含复合宾语的句子变为被动语态时,只能用宾语不能用补语作被动语态的主语。

  <巩固练习>

  (1) The composition must _____[hand] in sometime before Sunday.

  (2) These machine's parts may ______[need] in our work.

  (3) Should an article _____[use] there?

  (4) The job cannot _____[do] by Tom.

  (5) It will _____[do] by me.

  (6) You shall _____[punish].

  (7) Such a thing _____[hear] of before.

  (8) A wash _____[give] to the car.

  (9) She _____[call] a little girl.

  (10) He was found _____[be] a bright pupil.

  <参考答案>

  (1) be handed (2) be needed (3) be used (4) be done (5) be done (6) be punished (7) has been heard (8) was given (9) was called (10) to be


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