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思马得英语100个句子搞定英语语法(57):延续性动词与非延续性动词

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  57.延续性动词与非延续性动词

  <例句>

  She stood there for three hours.

  她在那儿站了三个小时。

  <语法分析>

  动作可以延续,能与一段时间连用的动词叫作延续性动词,如本句中的stand。较常见的延续性动词有carry, exist, work, write,stay和talk等。如果动作是在瞬间完成,不能与一段时间连用的动词叫作非延续性动词。较常见的非延续性动词有leave, stop, put, bring, catch, open, close, fall, kill和lose等。但有些动词既可以作延续性动词又可以作非延续性动词,其意义略有不同。

  <触类旁通>

  (1) We'll remember her name till we die.

  我们一辈子记住她的名字。

  语法分析:remember为延续性动词。

  (2) I didn't sleep until 10 o'clock in the evening.

  我晚上十点才去睡觉。

  语法分析:sleep为非延续性动词。

  (3) I waited for him until sunset.

  我等他一直到太阳下山。

  语法分析:在肯定句中,until或till与延续性动词连用。

  (4) She didn't finish the article until midnight.

  她半夜才写完这篇文章。

  语法分析:在否定句中,until与非延续性动词连用。

  (5) It began to rain at four last night.

  昨晚四点天开始下雨了。

  语法分析:延续性动词不与点时间连用。

  (6) I was in classroom at five yesterday afternoon.

  昨天下午五点,我在教室。

  语法分析:个别延续性动词,如be,其一般式可代替进行式,故可与点时间状语连用。

  (7) It is three years since she died.

  她死了三年了。

  语法分析:非延续性动词不与段时间状语连用。

  (8) The girl sent her mother one present after another for nearly three years.

  这个女孩有三年时间经常一个一个地给她妈妈送礼物。

  语法分析:如果非延续性动词表示不断反复的动作,则可以与段时间状语连用。

  <巩固练习>

  1. All the other students were playing while he _____ reading a book.

  [A] continued [B] remained [C] still [D] go on

  2. His parents wished him to be a doctor. But in the end he _____ lawyer.

  [A] became [B] got [C] changed [D] turned

  3. You may _____ cheated, robbed and murdered in London.

  [A] become [B] burn [C] got [D] make

  4. Her mother died and _____ her a lot of money.

  [A] gave [B] left [C] get [D] make

  5. Cheap coal _____ a lot of smoke.

  [A] gives up [B] gives in [C] gives away [D] gives off

  6. I asked her to _____ me a few minutes so that we should go over all the problems.

  [A] spend [B] save [C] spare [D] share

  <参考答案>

  1.[A] 2.[D] 3.[C] 4.[B] 5.[D] 6.[C]


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