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思马得英语100个句子搞定英语语法(76):连词

所属教程:思马得英语100个句子搞定英语语法

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  76.连词

  <例句>

  I worried for fear that my friend would be hurt.

  我很担心害怕我的朋友受到伤害。

  <语法分析>

  在这个句子里,for fear that起到连词的作用,引导一个目的状语从句。连词的作用就是起到连接的作用,可以连接词与词或句与句,它只是个虚词,不能担任句子成分。连词为数虽然不多,却很重要,有很多从句都由它来引导,例如主语从句、宾语从句、状语从句以及同位语从句等。从属连词引导从句,并列连词连接互不依从的词、短语或分句。

  <触类旁通>

  (1)She not only did the shopping but she also cooked the meal.

  她不仅买东西,而且还做饭。

  语法分析:并列连词not only...but also连接两个并列的成分,类似的并列连词还有either...or,neither...nor,both...and以及as well as 等。

  (2)Slow but sure.

  要慢而稳。

  语法分析:并列连词but连接两个词。

  (3)Whenever she stayed home she went to bed early.

  每当待在家里,她早早就睡觉了。

  语法分析:引导时间状语从句,类似的连词还有when,while,as,before,after,until,till和since等。

  (4)He agreed to go and work there provided that his family could go with him.

  如果他的家人能随他同行,他愿意去那里工作。

  语法分析:provided引导条件状语从句,起到连词作用,此外类似的还有if,unless,supposing,suppose,providing,as long as,in case等。

  (5)Please don't try to back out now that everything has been arranged.

  一切都安排好了,就不要退缩。

  语法分析:now that引导原因状语从句,类似的连词还有seeing that,considering that,since,as以及because等。

  (6)She's an honest girl even though I have opposed her.

  虽然我曾反对过她,她还是个诚实的女孩。

  语法分析:连词引导让步状语从句,除了even though,although,though,even if以及while等。

  <巩固练习>

  (1)I decided to play saft _____ for own sake and the job's.

  (2)The cases were heavy,_____ we took a taxi.

  (3)She raised the question _____ we ought to call in a specialist.

  (4)I'll drive you _____ you're going.

  (5)Arrange your hours _____ you like.

  (6)He remembered the whole thing _____ it happened yesterday.

  (7)He made _____ a noise that his sister tole him to be quiet.

  (8)She was _____ fat that she couldn't get through the door.

  <参考答案>

  (1)both (2)so (3)whether (4)where (5)whatever (6)as if (7)such (8)so


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