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思马得英语100个句子搞定英语语法(85):关于定语从句的注意点

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  85、关于定语从句的注意点

  <例句>

  I still remembei the day when she was killed.

  我仍记得她被害的那一天。

  <语法分析>

  在由when,where,why和how等词引导的定语从句时,它们分别指前面先行词所表示的时间、地点、原因和

  方式,否则引导的就不是定语从句。定语从句主语和谓语的一致性决定于先行词的数,关系代词如指前面

  的整个句子时,谓语动词用单数。定语从句可转化为分词短语,如果因为时态的限制或含有情态动词的时

  候,则不可以转换。

  <触类旁通>

  (1)The girl with whom you work is his sister.

  和你一起工作的女孩是他的妹妹。

  语法分析:关系代词作介词的宾语,介词可前置

  (2)They arrived at a farm house,in front of which sat a little girl.

  他们来到一家农舍前,农舍前坐着个小女孩。

  语法分析:如关系代词作介词短语的宾语,这个短语只能前置

  (3)That was the meeting during which I kept falling asleep.

  就在那个会议上我总是不停地打瞌睡。

  语法分析:先行词是定语从句中介词的宾语时,介词可前置

  (4)Here is a letter from the Whites,who want to come to London.

  有一封怀特夫妇来的信,他们要来伦敦。

  语法分析:定语从句主语和谓语的一致性决定于先行词的单复数

  (5)He is a strange character who dislike parties.

  他是个奇怪的人,不喜欢社交。

  语法分析:先行词如果是人称性的,关系代词用who,否则用which

  <巩固练习>

  (1)He built a telescope through _______ he could study the skies

  (2)The fox by ______ the chicks were killed was shot.

  (3)She works in a factory,at the back of ______ there is a river.

  (4)The names,of ______ she remembered some were all strange to me.

  (5)The girl on the right of ______ sat a young man was a woman driver.

  (6)The fact _____ you pointed out made me interested.

  (7)That is the house ______ the boy was born.

  (8)He doesn't know the reason ______ she was absent.

  (9)He is one of the engineers who _____[be] experts in German.

  (10)The committee who ______[be] responsible for it were all punished.

  (11)She admires those ______ succeed.

  <参考答案>

  (1)which (2)which (3)which (4)which (5)whom (6)which (7)where (8)why

  (9)are (10)were (11)who


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