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思马得英语100个句子搞定英语语法(88):关于主谓一致的注意点

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  88. 关于主谓一致的注意点

  <一> 例句

  The professor with a number of students was doing experiments in chemistry lab at that time.

  那时教授带了很多学生正在实验室做化学实验。

  <二> 语法分析

  句子的主语是单数,尽管后面带有with, as well as, rather than, like, but, except, besides和along等连接的名词,谓语仍用单数形式。但在口语中,有时根据观念一致的原则,谓语可以用复数形式。连词or, either...or, neither...nor, whether..or, not only...but also和not...but等连接并列主语,谓语的单复数依从临近原则来决定。关系代词who, that, which等在定语从句中做主语,谓语动词的数应与先行词的数一致。

  <三> 触类旁通

  (1)A cart and horse was seen in the sistance.

  远处可见一辆马拉车。

  语法分析:如果and连接的两个词是指同一个人、同一事物或同一概念,则句子谓语用单数形式。

  (2)Nobody except Miss Mary is to join us.

  除了玛丽小姐没有人要参加到我们中间来。

  语法分析:主语是单数,谓语仍用单数形式。

  (3)Not one but all of us are hoping to be there.

  不是一个人而是我们大家都希望去那里。

  语法分析:由连接词的并列主语,谓语的数依据临近原则来确定。

  (4)None of our parents is a driver.

  我们的父母没有一个是司机。

  语法分析:在由noen, either, no和one等作主语时,谓语动词一般用单数形式。

  (5)Lots of damage was caused by the flood.

  洪水带来很大的破坏。

  语法分析:a lot of, lots of等+名词构成的主语,谓语动词的数依据主语部分中后面的名词数而定。

  (6)Where is your teacher and classmates?

  你的老师和同学在哪里?

  语法分析:在倒装句中,谓语动词往往和其后的第一个主语保持一致。

  <四>巩固练习

  1. Where [be] the watch and chain?

  2. Smoke and fod [be] often called clever.

  3. She, like you and Tom, [be] very clever.

  4. The teacher with some of her pupils [be] cleaning the classroom.

  5. You or I [be] going to receive them this afternoon.

  6. Many a desk and many a bench [be] to be taken out of the room.

  7. More than one [be] killed in the battle.

  8. Part of the students here very clever.

  9. A number os pages in the book [be] broken.

  10. The number of students [be] boys in our classroom.

  11. One-third of the students [be] boys in our classroom.

  12. Four million frances [be] very hones and hard-working.

  13. The goverment [be] very honest and hard working.

  14. Mankind [make] progress.

  答案:1. is 2. is 3. is 4. was. 5. am 6. is 7. was 8. are 9. are 10. is 11. are 12. is 13. are 14 has been making.


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