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思马得英语100个句子搞定英语语法(96):状语从句

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  (96). 状语从句

  <一> 例句

  Once you've finished, go to bed.

  一干完,你就睡觉去吧。

  <二> 语法分析

  英语中有大量的时间状语从句,多由连词引导,也有一些时间状语从句不由连词引导。从句可以位于句首、句中或句末。状语从句按意义可以分为时间状语从句、地点状语从句、原因状语从句、让步状语从句、目的状语从句、条件状语从句、结果状语从句、方式状语从句以及比较状语从句等。

  <三> 触类旁通

  (1)On and on he went, till he reached the outskirts of the wood.

  他走了又走,直到走到林子边。

  语法分析:大量的时间状语从句,多由连词引导。

  (2)If I were you, I'd go to school tomorrow.

  我要是你,明天就去上学。

  语法分析:条件状语从句多由if 或unless 引导,if有时可以省略,而把从句的语序倒装。

  (3)So many people came to the concert that some couldn't get in.

  那么多人来听音乐会,以至有些人无法进来。

  语法分析:结果状语从句多由so that, so...that, such...that以及that等引导。

  (4)Where others are weak, he is strong.

  别人的弱点正是他的优势。

  语法分析:where 引导的从句,除了表示地方外,还可以表示处境等,可有多种含义。

  (5)Some prased him, whereas others condemned him.

  有些人赞扬他,而另一些人却谴责他。

  语法分析:although, though, while, whereas等多引导让步状语从句

  (6)Since I haven't got her address, I can't write to her.

  因为我没有她的地址,所以我无法给她去信。

  语法分析:原因状语从句多由because, as, since, in case等引导。

  <巩固练习>

  1. I had been less cautions, I might have been more wise.

  2. I show everything on my face, I'm angry or pleased.

  3. My father has bought me a bicycle that I can get to school.

  4. The situation is such agreement is unlikely.

  5. Drink this, you will be sick.

  6. [see] he refused to help us, there's no reason why we should now help him.

  7. as I would like to come. I cannot.

  8. I live there were plenty of sheep.

  9. She is as tall her father.

  参考答案:

  1. If 2. whether 3. so 4. that 5. else

  6. Seeing 7. Much 8. Where 9.as


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