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思马得英语100个句子搞定英语语法(99):间接引语

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  (99):间接引语

  <一> 例句

  She said that she could wait another day.

  她说她可以再等一天。

  <二> 语法分析

  间接引语是用自己的话来引述别人的话,被引用的部分长城是引用动词的宾语。除了say, reply等词外,还有很多动词可以引导间接引语。在多数情况下,引语都由连词that来引导,有时可以省略。把直接引语变成间接引语时,要注意人称和时态的变化。

  <三> 触类旁通

  (1)They replied that they were going by plane.

  他们答复说他们将乘飞机去。

  语法分析:被引用的部分常常是引用动词的宾语。

  (2)I protected that I had no view of that sort.

  我分辨说我没有那种看法。

  语法分析:有很多动词,如feel, guess, object, explain等都可以引导间接引语。

  (3)Tell him I am out.

  告诉他我出去了。

  语法分析:在多数情况下,that可以省略。

  (4)She asked where he was going.

  她问他要去哪里。

  语法分析:间接问句前不用连词,句子要用自然语序。

  (5)The old man warned us not swim in the river.

  这个老人告诫我们不要在河里游泳。

  语法分析:在引用祈使句时,多用不定式,谓语根据语气来决定。

  <四> 巩固练习

  1. I object that she [be] too young for the position.

  2. She told me that I [speak] English better that her.

  3. He said that his team [win] the match.

  4. She said that she [be] born in 1994.

  5. Tom said yesterday he [leave] today.

  6. He said that if he had the instruction manual he [know] what to do.

  7. She said that when she saw them they [play] tennis.

  <五> 参考答案

  1. was 2. spoke 3. had won 4. was

  5. was leaving 6. would know 7. were playing


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