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思马得英语100个句子搞定英语语法(100):反意疑问句

所属教程:思马得英语100个句子搞定英语语法

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  (100)100. 反意疑问句

  <一> 例句

  He wants to go, doesn't he?

  他想去,不是吗?

  <二> 语法分析

  这是个异向反意疑问句,即陈述部分是肯定的,则疑问部分用否定,反之亦然。反意疑问句有陈述和疑问两个组成部分,包括异向反意疑问句和同向反意疑问句两种。如果句子中带有否定意义的前缀或后缀的词,则整个句子仍被认为是肯定句。陈述部分和疑问部分都是肯定形式或否定形式,这种结构的反意疑问句为同向反意疑问句,一般不需要回答。

  <三> 触类旁通

  (1) You were tired after running, weren't you?

  跑步后你会感觉到疲劳,是吗?

  语法分析:陈述句式的反意疑问句,陈述部分是肯定的,则疑问部分用否定。

  (2)You're hopeless, aren't you?

  你感到无望,是吗?

  语法分析:句子中带有否定意义的前缀或后缀的词,整个句子仍被认为是肯定句。

  (3)There were only five people present, were(n't) there?

  在场的只有五个人,是吗?

  语法分析:陈述部分含有副词only时,疑问部分肯定否定皆可。

  (4)Let's go fishing, shall we?

  我们去钓鱼,好吗?

  语法分析:以let开头的祈使句,其疑问部分一般用shall

  (5)He said he had come back, didn't he?

  他说他回来了,是吗?

  语法分析:主从复句式反意疑问句的疑问部分的构成,一般以主句的判断为依据。

  (6)We haven't a chance in a million, haven't we?

  怎么,我们没有这样的机会?

  语法分析:同向反意疑问句,可以表示兴趣、关心、惊奇和愤怒等感情。

  <四> 巩固练习题

  1. You are trying to fool me, you?

  2. The waiter went home late yesterday, he?

  3. It's unfair, it?

  4. His performance was unusual, it?

  5. They were quite discouraged by her talk, they?

  6. None of the students are afraid of difficulty, they?

  7. Nothing could make her angry, it?

  8. There is little ink in the pen, there?

  9. She knew English, she?

  10. Have a cup of tea, you?

  11. Stop that noise, you?

  12. Let's meet at the main building, we?

  13. Let's begin to do it, you?

  14. Let me have a try, you?

  15 I hear that you have been there, you?

  16. We don't imagin that you'll pay off the debt, you?

  17. We must start at once or we cannot get there on time, we?

  18. I wish to go home now, I?

  <参考答案>

  1. aren't 2. didn't 3. isn't 4. wasn't

  5. weren't 6. are 7. could 8. is

  9. did 10 won't 11. will 12. shall

  13. will 14. will 15. haven't 16. will

  17. can 18. didn't 19. may


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