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CNN News:飓风“玛丽”席卷美国加州南部海岸

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Big storm brewing. And it`s bringing waves and danger to America`s West Coast. I`m Carl Azuz. This is CNN STUDENT NEWS.

一场巨大的暴风雨正在酝酿当中,将会给美国西海岸带来巨大海浪和灾害。我是Carl Azuz,这里是CNN学生新闻。

Let`s go to California.

下面让我们去加利福尼亚看一看。

Look at this. Massive swells off southern California. Forecasters say they could crest as high as 15 feet. One surfer has been killed by the waves. Buildings too close to shore are in danger of getting damaged. And people are being warned about strong rip currents which can drag swimmers out to sea.

看这里,巨大的海浪翻涌而来吞噬着加利福尼亚南部海岸。据天气预报员说这里将会产生15英尺高度的海浪,已经有一名冲浪爱好者因巨浪致死。位于海岸旁边的建筑物都处于危险当中,当地群众已经接到警告称强烈的水流足以把游泳者拖入大海。

It`s all brought to the region by Hurricane Marie. Last night this was a category two storm, which normally can cause some damage and flooding. But Marie isn`t expected to come anywhere near land. Forecasters say it will swirl and dissipate in the Pacific Ocean.

这一切都是当地飓风玛丽造成的。昨天夜里这里发生的是两级飓风,通常会给当地群众带来一些破坏和洪水淤积,但是玛丽将不会接近陆地,天气预报员表示玛丽将在太平洋上形成漩涡并消退。

Still, several beaches have been closed as dangerous waves are expected through Friday.

不过,在周五之前还是有几个海滩可能会有巨浪危险而关闭。

When tropical cyclone is an area of low pressure that forms in the tropical regions of the world.

当热带低压形成的时候一般都是在热带地区出现。

Cyclones are actually very important, even though, of course, they can be deadly, they help essentially balance out the temperature across the globe.

实际上飓风是非常重要的,虽然它们经常会产生一些致命的灾害发生,但是飓风的出现会帮助保持全球温度的平衡。

They are an equalizer, so they take the heat energy from the tropics, and they translate that where we need it into the colder climates.

他们其实是一个平衡器,把热量从热带地区带走,然后输送到寒冷气候的地方。

The generic term for it is a tropical cyclone. That can refer to any cyclone that has a closed center of circulation anywhere in the world, like in the Atlantic when they get strong enough to a certain wind speed, we call them hurricanes. But if you are in the Western Pacific, a hurricane is called the typhoon. There`s no difference between a hurricane and a typhoon except in the name. They are both tropical cyclones.

这是一种对热带气旋的专用术语。也可以用来描述世界上任何地方的有一个封闭循环中心的气旋,例如在大西洋上,如果气旋逐渐强大的时候达到一定的风速我们就称之为飓风。但是如果你在太平洋西海岸的话,飓风被称之为台风,除了名字他们两个没有本质区别,都是热带气旋。

The naming system is based on the World Meteorological Organization. There`s a list of names. Depending on the basin, in the Atlantic basin, we recycle the names every six years. If a storm becomes particularly intense or is devastating for a coastline, or has a lot of casualties associated with it, we retire the name and don`t use it again. For example, Hurricane Katrina. That name will be used again.

这种风暴的命名系统来源于世界气象组织,那里有一个名单列表,我们每六年从大西洋盆地反馈一次名字信息。如果暴风雨尤其激烈或者是对海岸有毁灭性危险,或者具有强大的杀伤力,我们便将他的名字留下不再使用,例如卡特里娜飓风,这个名字将会再次被使用。

Once a tropical storm become a hurricane, we use what we call the Saffir- Simpson scale. Saffir-Simpson scale categorizes the hurricanes from category one, which is the weakest, to a category five. A category one

又一次一个热带风暴发展成为了一个飓风,我们称之为Saffir Simpson,是一种规模飓风的命名,也是最弱的五级飓风等级。

minimal hurricane has to have winds in its center of 74 miles an hour. As the storm continues to gather strength and becomes more intense, if it reaches 96 miles an hour, that`s a category two. A category three has winds of a 111 miles per hour. If it continues to intensify, that is a deadly category four storm, and then the strongest of hurricanes, category five. That is pretty devastating stuff.

达到飓风级别的话风速需要达到每小时74英里,这是最小级别飓风等级标准。随着风暴继续聚集能量它会变的越来越强大,如果达到每小时96英里的速度的话,这就是第二个级别,第三个级别需要达到每小时111英里。如果等级继续加强的话,这将是一种极具杀伤力和破坏性的四级飓风,然后是五级飓风,破坏后果让人难以想象。

Definitely, heed the warnings and get yourself a preparedness kit. Know what you are going to do in the event of a cyclone. Are you going to evacuate,when you going to evacuate? And again, heed those warnings.

当然,注意到这些警告,让自己提前做好准备。知道当飓风发生时你需要做些什么,知道撤离么,什么时候撤离,再次提醒一下,一定要熟记这些警告。

Big storm brewing. And it`s bringing waves and danger to America`s West Coast. I`m Carl Azuz. This is CNN STUDENT NEWS.

Let`s go to California.

Look at this. Massive swells off southern California. Forecasters say they could crest as high as 15 feet. One surfer has been killed by the waves. Buildings too close to shore are in danger of getting damaged. And people are being warned about strong rip currents which can drag swimmers out to sea.

It`s all brought to the region by Hurricane Marie. Last night this was a category two storm, which normally can cause some damage and flooding. But Marie isn`t expected to come anywhere near land. Forecasters say it will swirl and dissipate in the Pacific Ocean.

Still, several beaches have been closed as dangerous waves are expected through Friday.

When tropical cyclone is an area of low pressure that forms in the tropical regions of the world.

Cyclones are actually very important, even though, of course, they can be deadly, they help essentially balance out the temperature across the globe.

They are an equalizer, so they take the heat energy from the tropics, and they translate that where we need it into the colder climates.

The generic term for it is a tropical cyclone. That can refer to any cyclone that has a closed center of circulation anywhere in the world, like in the Atlantic when they get strong enough to a certain wind speed, we call them hurricanes. But if you are in the Western Pacific, a hurricane is called the typhoon. There`s no difference between a hurricane and a typhoon except in the name. They are both tropical cyclones.

The naming system is based on the World Meteorological Organization. There`s a list of names. Depending on the basin, in the Atlantic basin, we recycle the names every six years. If a storm becomes particularly intense or is devastating for a coastline, or has a lot of casualties associated with it, we retire the name and don`t use it again. For example, Hurricane Katrina. That name will be used again.

Once a tropical storm become a hurricane, we use what we call the Saffir- Simpson scale. Saffir-Simpson scale categorizes the hurricanes from category one, which is the weakest, to a category five. A category one

minimal hurricane has to have winds in its center of 74 miles an hour. As the storm continues to gather strength and becomes more intense, if it reaches 96 miles an hour, that`s a category two. A category three has winds of a 111 miles per hour. If it continues to intensify, that is a deadly category four storm, and then the strongest of hurricanes, category five. That is pretty devastating stuff.

Definitely, heed the warnings and get yourself a preparedness kit. Know what you are going to do in the event of a cyclone. Are you going to evacuate? And again, heed those warnings.

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