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公众人物毕业演讲第16期:迈克尔·彭博哈佛大学2014毕业典礼演讲(8)

所属教程:公众人物毕业演讲

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Lisa

2015年01月03日

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I'm sure all of today's graduates have read

我敢肯定 今天毕业的学生肯定都读过

John Stuart Mill's On Liberty

约翰.斯图尔特.密尔的《论自由》

But just let me read a short passage from it

请允许我将其中的一小段读给大家听

"The peculiar evil of silencing the expression of anopinion is

"强迫别人不能发表意见的邪恶"

that it is robbing the human race

"乃是对整个人类的掠夺"

posterity as well as the existing generation

"对后代和当代人类的掠夺"

those who dissent from the opinion, still more than those who hold it"

"对不同意于那个意见的人掠夺更多"

He continued: "If the opinion is right

他继续道 "假如那意见是对的"

they are deprived of the opportunity of exchanging error for truth

"那么他们是被剥夺了以错误换真理的机会"

if wrong

"假如那意见是错的"

they lose, what is almost as great a benefit

"那么他们是失掉了一个差不多同样大的利益"

the clearer perception and livelier impression of truth

"那就是从真理与错误冲突中产生出来的对于真理的"

produced by its collision with error"

"更加清楚的认识和更加生动的印象"

Mill would have been horrified to learn of university students

密尔如果知道大学学生强迫别人不发表意见

silencing the opinions of others

肯定会痛心疾首

He would have been even more horrified that faculty members

密尔如果知道连教职团队都通常成为

were often part of the commencement censorship campaigns

毕业演讲审查活动的一部分 肯定会更痛心疾首

For tenured professors

如果是终身教职教授

to silence speakers whose views they disagree with

强迫观点同自己不一致的发言者不发表言论

is the height of hypocrisy

那就真是莫大的讽刺了

especially when these protests happen in the northeast

特别是发生在东北的那些抗议

a bastion of self-professed liberal tolerance

自称的自由宽容显得尤为伪善

Now I'm glad to say that

不过我很高兴的是

Harvard has not caved in to these commencement censorship challenges

哈佛没有陷入这些毕业典礼审查之中

If it had, Colorado State Senator Michael Johnston

否则的话 科罗拉多州参议员迈克尔?约翰斯顿

would not have had the chance to address the Education School yesterday

昨天就没有机会在教育学院发表演讲了

Some students called on the administration to rescind the invitation to Johnston

不少学生号召管理层撤回对约翰斯顿的邀请

because they opposed some of his education policies

因为他们反对他的一些教育政策

But to their great credit, President Faust and Dean Ryan stood firm

不过 佛斯特校长和赖安院长都非常鉴定

As Dean Ryan wrote to students

赖安院长写信给这些学生说

"I have encountered many people of good faith

"我碰到过很多怀有良好愿望的人"

who share my basic goals

"他们都有相同的目标"

but disagree with my views when it comes to the question of

"只是同我在教育如何改善的问题上"

how best to improve education

"观点存在分歧"

In my view

"在我看来"

those differences should be explored, debated, challenged, and questioned

"这些分歧应当经过探讨和辩论 受到挑战和质疑"

But they should also be respected and indeed, celebrated"

"同时也应受到尊敬和庆贺"

He could not have been more correct

他完全是正确的

and he could not have provided a more valuable final lesson to the class of 2014

他以自身言行为2014届毕业生上了最为宝贵的最后一课

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