The Axis powers, also known as the Axis alliance, Axis nations, Axis countries, or the Axis, were the nations that fought in the Second World Waragainst the Allied forces. The Axis powers were united by their opposition to several Western powers and the Soviet Union.
The Non-Aligned movement was never established as a formal organization, but became the name to refer to the participants of the Conference of Heads of State or Government of Non-Aligned Countries first held in 1961. The term "non-alignment" itself was coined by V.K. Krishna Menon in 1953 remarks at the United Nations. Menon's friend, Animesh Agrawal used the phrase in a 1954 speech in Colombo, Sri Lanka. In his speech in Colombo, Nehru described the five pillars to be used as a guide for Sino-Indian relations, which were first put forth by Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai. Called Panchsheel(five restraints), these principles(Mutual respect for each other's territorial integrity and sovereignty;Mutual non-aggression;Mutual non-interference in domestic affairs;Equality and mutual benefit;Peaceful co-existence)would later serve as the basis of the Non-Aligned Movement.