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国际关系英语词汇大全Unit 26

所属教程:国际关系词汇

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2015年01月02日

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  Explanation of English Words unit 26

  英语单词讲解 unit 26

  1.Marginal cost

  In economics and finance, marginal cost is the change in the total cost that arises when the quantity produced has an increment by unit. That is, it is the cost of producing one more unit of a good.

  1.边际成本

  在经济学和金融学中,边际成本指的是每一单位新增生产的产品(或者购买的产品)带来的总成本的增量。

  2.Economic sanctions

  Economic sanctions are domestic penalties applied by one country (or group of countries) on another country (or group of countries). Economic sanctions may include various forms of trade barriers and restrictions on financial transactions. Economic sanctions are not necessarily imposed because of economic circumstances — they may also be imposed for a variety of political and social issues. Economic sanctions can be used for achieving domestic political gain.

  2.经济制裁

  经济制裁,采用断绝外交关系以外的非武力强制性措施。泛指全面性的贸易中止、特定物资禁运、人员禁入,以及金融资产之冻结。一般认为,财政、金融、贸易等领域的制裁均属于经济制裁。

  3.Business cycle

  The term business cycle (or economic cycle or boom–bust cycle) refers to fluctuations in aggregate production, trade and activity over several months or years in a market economy. The business cycle is the upward and downward movements of levels of gross domestic product (GDP) and refers to the period of expansions and contractions in the level of economic activities (business fluctuations) around its long-term growth trend.

  3.商业周期

  商业周期(又称经济循环或商业周期),是指一个社会体中或者是全体社会体中,包含物价、股价、存货量等相关的经济趋势,呈现周期性循环变动的情况。商业周期的过程可以分为扩细分又可再分为扩张、危机、衰退、振兴四阶段。商业周期的周期长度没有定论,包括了40个月、11年、20年、50年等。


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