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国际关系英语词汇大全Unit 35

所属教程:国际关系词汇

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2015年01月04日

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  Explanation of English Words unit 35

  英语单词讲解 unit 35

  1.Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations

  The Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations of 1961 is an international treaty that defines a framework for diplomatic relations between independent countries. It specifies the privileges of a diplomatic mission that enable diplomats to perform their function without fear of coercion or harassment by the host country. This forms the legal basis for diplomatic immunity. Its articles are considered a cornerstone of modern international relations. As of April 2014, it has been ratified by 190 states.

  1.维也纳外交关系公约

  《维也纳外交关系公约》是一个国际公约,于1961年4月18日在奥地利维也纳召开的联合国关于外交交往与豁免的会议上签订,1964年4月24日生效,最初的签约国有60个。该公约为独立国家之间的外交关系订立了基本的条条框框,明文规定了外交人员在所驻的国家享有什么外交特权从而能在无恐惧、无胁迫、无骚扰的情况下履行外交职责。该公约奠定了外交豁免权的法律基础,公约当中的众多条文成为了现代国际关系的基石。中国于1975年11月25日加入该公约。

  2.Multilateralism

  In international relations, multilateralism is multiple countries working in concert on a given issue.

  2.多边主义

  多边主义,是指多个不同的国家,而不是单一国家,一起合作处理问题、解决纷争的理念。

  3.Memorandum

  A memorandum can have only a certain number of formats; it may have a format specific to an office or institution. In law specifically, a memorandum is a record of the terms of a transaction or contract, such as a policy memo, memorandum of understanding, memorandum of agreement, or memorandum of association. Alternative formats include memos, briefing notes, reports, letters or binders. They could be one page long or many. They may be considered as grey literature. If the user is a cabinet minister or a senior executive, the format might be rigidly defined and limited to one or two pages. If the user is a colleague, the format is usually much more flexible. At its most basic level, a memorandum can be a handwritten note to one's supervisor. In business, a memo is typically used by firms for internal communication, as opposed to letters which are typically for external communication.

  3.备忘录

  备忘录,意指任何一种能够帮助记忆,简单说明主题与相关事件的书面资料。在商业办公、法律文件或外交谈判中,一些非正式或半正式的文件通常都会被称为备忘录,可以是简单的字条、文件,或是通讯记录。备忘录可以有各种形式,也不一定有固定格式,各个机构内部可以自行决定它的格式。在中国大陆政府及国有企业内部的会议中,备忘录被称为会议纪要,有时可以发挥行政上的契约和指令作用。作为法律文书,备忘录记录了某些交易或是契约,但是缺乏完整的法律强制性,其中包括了政治备忘录、谅解备忘录、协议备忘录、联合备忘录等。


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