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国际关系英语词汇大全Unit 37

所属教程:国际关系词汇

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2015年01月04日

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  Explanation of English Words unit 37

  英语单词讲解 unit 37

  1.Jean Monnet

  Jean Omer Marie Gabriel Monnet (9 November 1888 – 16 March 1979) was a French political economist and diplomat. He is regarded by many as a chief architect of European unity and one of the founding fathers of the European Union. Never elected to public office, Monnet worked behind the scenes of American and European governments as a well-connected pragmatic internationalist. He was named patron of the 1980-1981 academic year at the College of Europe, in honour of his accomplishments.

  1.让·莫内

  让·莫内(1888年11月9日-1979年3月16日)是一位法国政治经济学家、外交家。他被认为是欧洲统一 的主要设计师及欧盟创始人之一。莫内在法国登上政治舞台前,在经济界已具有一定的政治影响。他曾经前往英国运动和美国从事外交活动,为欧洲统一作出突出贡献。

  2.Joseph Nye

  Joseph Samuel Nye, Jr. (born January 19, 1937) is an American political scientist and former Dean of the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. He currently holds the position of University Distinguished Service Professor at Harvard University where he has been a member of the faculty since 1964. He is also the co-founder, along with Robert Keohane, of the international relations theory neoliberalism, developed in their 1977 book Power and Interdependence. Together with Keohane, he developed the concepts of asymmetrical and complex interdependence. They also explored transnational relations and world politics in an edited volume in the 1970s. More recently, he pioneered the theory of soft power. His notion of "smart power" became popular with the use of this phrase by members of the Clinton Administration, and more recently the Obama Administration. He is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences and a foreign fellow of The British Academy. Nye is also a member of the American Academy of Diplomacy.

  2.约瑟夫·奈尔

  约瑟夫·撒母耳·奈尔二世(1937年1月19日-),生于美国新泽西州南奥伦治,政治学学者,曾任哈佛大学约翰·F·肯尼迪政府学院院长。曾提出软实力、巧实力等外交学说。

  3.Kenneth Waltz

  Kenneth Neal Waltz ( June 8, 1924 – May 12, 2013) was an American political scientist who was a member of the faculty at both the University of California, Berkeley and Columbia University and one of the most prominent scholars in the field of international relations. He was a veteran of both World War II and the Korean War. Waltz was a founder of neorealism, or structural realism, in international relations theory.

  3.肯尼思·沃尔兹

  肯尼思·沃尔兹(1924年6月8日-2013年5月13日),亦译做华尔志,美国政治学家,国际关系理论结构现实主义学派创始人,当代最具影响力的国际关系学者之一。长期任教于加州大学柏克莱分校(十多年前已荣退)。后在美国纽约哥伦比亚大学索兹曼战争和平研究所担任研究学者并在政治系兼任教授。1981年,他在一篇专著中论证了核武器扩散也许可以使国际更和平。


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