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国际关系英语词汇大全Unit 55

所属教程:国际关系词汇

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2015年01月08日

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  Explanation of English Words unit 55

  英语单词讲解 unit 55

  1.Giulio Douhet

  General Giulio Douhet (30 May 1869 – 15 February 1930) was an Italian general and air power theorist. He was a key proponent of strategic bombing in aerial warfare. He was a contemporary of the 1920s air warfare advocates Walther Wever, Billy Mitchell and Sir Hugh Trenchard.

  1.朱利欧·杜黑

  朱利欧·杜黑(1869年5月30日-1930年2月15日),意大利空权理论家。出生于意大利卡塞塔(靠近那不勒斯)。1921年发表了《制空论》一书成为近代空权军事观念的先驱。

  2.Alfred Thayer Mahan

  Alfred Thayer Mahan (September 27, 1840 – December 1, 1914) was a United States Navy admiral, geostrategist, and historian, who has been called "the most important American strategist of the nineteenth century." His concept of "sea power" was based on the idea that countries with greater naval power will have greater worldwide impact; it was most famously presented in The Influence of Sea Power Upon History, 1660–1783 (1890). The concept had an enormous influence in shaping the strategic thought of navies across the world, especially in the United States, Germany, Japan and Great Britain, ultimately causing a European naval arms race in the 1890s, which included the United States. His ideas still permeate the U.S. Navy Doctrine.

  2.阿尔弗雷德·赛耶·马汉

  阿尔弗雷德·赛耶·马汉(1840年9月27日-1914年12月1日)是一名美国海军的上校及预备役少将。马汉的思想深受古希腊雅典海军统帅地米斯托克利及政治家伯里克利的影响,主要著述有《海权对历史的影响1660-1783》,《海权对法国革命及帝国的影响,1793-1812》,《海权的影响与1812年战争的关系》,《海军战略》等。

  3.Alexander Hamilton

  Alexander Hamilton (January 11, 1755 or 1757 – July 12, 1804) was a founding father of the United States, chief staff aide to General George Washington, one of the most influential interpreters and promoters of the U.S. Constitution, the founder of the nation's financial system, and the founder of the first political party.As Secretary of the Treasury, Hamilton was the primary author of the economic policies of the George Washington administration, especially the funding of the states' debts by the Federal government, the establishment of a national bank, a system of tariffs, and friendly trade relations with Britain. He became the leader of the Federalist Party, created largely in support of his views; he was opposed by the Democratic-Republican Party, led by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison.

  3.亚历山大·汉密尔顿

  亚历山大·汉密尔顿(1755年或1757年1月11日-1804年7月12日),美国军人,经济学家,政治哲学家,美国宪法起草人之一与第一任美国财政部长。汉密尔顿是华盛顿政府统治时期的经济政策的主要构思者,其中重要的有:重建国家信用的计划、建立国家银行、建立关税系统、与英国建立友好贸易关系。因为他的观点有大批支持者,所以他创立了联邦党,并成为该党的领袖,与由托马斯·杰斐逊、詹姆斯·麦迪逊领导的民主共和党对抗,成为美国两党制初型。


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