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第三章 时态 一些过去时态

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Lisa

2015年01月20日

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  25.一些过去时态(Some Past Tenses)

  1.除了一般过去时,还有另外几个过去时态:

  l)过去进行时:表示过去某时正在进行的动作:

  Last week she wasn't feeling very well.

  上星期她感到不太舒服。

  An old lady was waiting for the bus.

  一位老太太(这时)正在等车。

  The sun was setting.

  太阳正在西沉。

  Birds were singing in the trees.

  树间鸟儿在鸣叫。

  2)过去完成时表示过去某时前已经发生的事:

  When I saw him, he had been ill for a month.

  我见到他时他已病了一个月了。

  He couldn't see anyone.The thieves had gone.

  他没看见什么人,小偷已经跑了。

  He showed me the books he had bought.

  他让我看了他买的书。

  She explained what had happened.

  她解释了发生的情况。

  3)过去将来时:表示从过去看将要发生的事:

  He was eighteen. In two years he would be twenty.

  他十八岁,再过两年他就二十了。

  I thought you would wait for me.

  我以为你会等我哩。

  Did you know Mary would come?

  你知道玛丽会来吗?

  He assured me that he would support us.

  他向我保证他会支持我们。

  过去将来时除了使用would以外,还可以使用was/were going to表示:

  I was going to the library when you called me.

  当你打电话给我的时候我正要去图书馆。

  这三个时态都常用在宾语从句(a)或间接引语(b)中:

  a. He told me that he was writing a novel.

  他告诉我他在写一本小说。

  She said that she had got everything ready.

  她说她把一切都准备好了。

  Mother asked when I would be back.

  妈问我什么时候回来。

  b. He said he was calling from the airport.(比较: I'm calling from the airport.)

  She said she just got my fax.(比较: I've got your fax.)

  I said I'd be with them right away.(比较: I'll be with you right away.)

  would构成的谓语有时表示过去习惯性动作或倾向:

  Every Saturday they would go to the club.

  每星期六他们都去俱乐部。

  Sometimes we would sit together chatting.

  有时我们会坐在一起聊天。

  The door wouldn't open.

  门开不了啦。

  The car wouldn't start.

  汽车开不动了。


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