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第七章 助动词与情态动词 助动词would

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Lisa

2015年02月13日

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  43.助动词would

  1.would主要用构成过去将来时(可用于各个人称):

  I knew you would agree.

  我知道你会同意的。

  I thought they would be waiting for us.

  我以为他们会等我们的。

  He asked if I would join them.

  他问我要不要参加他们的活动。

  I told her that we would meet at the station.

  我告诉她我们将在车站碰头。

  would常可紧缩为“d”:

  I thought he'd be sleeping.

  我以为他会在睡觉的。

  would not可紧缩为wouldn't:

  I thought you wouldn't come.

  我还以为你不会来的哩。

  2.would用于条件句,表示假想的情况(可用于各个人称):

  I would do it if I could.

  要是我有能力我是会这样做的。

  If I were you,I wouldn't agree.

  我要是你我不会同意。

  If they had left earlier, they would have caught the train

  他们要是动身早一点就赶上火车了。

  I would have refused if he had asked me.

  如果他问我我是会拒绝的。

  3.would用来表示过去习惯性动作或倾向:

  Occasionally he would come to see us.

  他偶尔会来看望我们。

  Every afternoon they would play together.

  他们每天下午都在一起玩。

  Now and then a bird Would call.

  时不时有鸟叫。

  The wound wouldn't heal.

  伤口老不能愈合。

  4.would用在日常生活中,用来提出请求,看法等,使口气显得更婉转:

  I'd like a ticket to Hangzhou.

  我想买一张到杭州的票。

  London wouldn't suit her.

  伦敦对她不合适。(比won't婉转)

  Would you like to have dinner with me tonight?

  你今晚愿意和我一道吃晚饭吗?

  You'd like some tea,wouldn't you?

  你想喝点茶是吧?

  5.用于过去情况)表示“愿意”(相当于will的过去式):

  No matter what happened,he would not say a word.

  不管发生什么情况他一句话也不肯说。

  He would never enter that house again.

  他再也不愿进那个家。

  6.would也可表示猜测:

  I thought you would have finished this by now.

  我想你现在已经干完了。

  The person you mentioned would be your father.

  你提到的那人想必是你父亲。


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